If you want to start the cultivation of cannabis on your own, you would probably want to achieve the best possible harvest with the best growth techniques…. Learn more about cannabis terpenes, the aromatic oils that give cannabis its distinctive smell. Explore their benefits and discover how they can deepen your appreciation of cannabis. Translations in context of "cannabis" in English-Russian from Reverso Context: cannabis resin, cannabis plant, cannabis herb, cannabis plants, cannabis use
How Do You Pick Out the Best Cannabis Seeds on the Market?
What are the best marijuana seeds to start your cannabis grow?
How to Choose the Best Seeds for Planting Cannabis
If you want to start the cultivation of cannabis on your own, you would probably want to achieve the best possible harvest with the best growth techniques. Originally, there are two growth methods to employ while growing cannabis, without the use of seed or with the use of seeds. If you choose the latter, it is quite important to get the best seeds to achieve the best quality in terms of your harvest. To do this, you should remember to use feminized seeds for your cultivation as they produce the buds you need. You need to also ensure to grow lots of female cannabis plants as they are responsible for the production of seeds after being pollinated by the male plants. Also, you must pay attention to the varieties and strains of the seeds to get your desired cannabis plant.
Choosing Your Best Seed
There are a few things to look out for or consider which could help you in choosing the best seed possible for your cannabis cultivation.
Color: The color of your cannabis seeds helps you determine if it is healthy or not. For those seeds that have dark colors such as black or brown or maybe a tanned pattern, you can rest assured that it is healthy and good enough. It is best to avoid light or green colored seeds as they are not really suitable for cannabis cultivation.
Pattern: This might seem weird but the patterns that can be found on your cannabis seeds can help you in identifying its strain. For those seeds with a striped pattern and are seemingly larger, you can tell that it is of the Indica strain. The seeds that are smaller and have a single color without any identifiable pattern on them are usually of the Sativa strain.
Hardness: If you check the texture of the cannabis seeds, you will find that some are usually harder than others. This is a good indicator of the quality of the seeds as those with hard shells are more suitable than those with softer shells, so if you want good quality plants you should go for those with hard shells.
Other Factors to Consider When Choosing a Seed
In addition to the above tips to choosing a good seed, there are also a few things that will help determine your choice of seeds, these include:
Type of High: The type of high or effect you want to feel while smoking your cannabis helps you pay attention to certain seeds more than others. Though many cannabis seeds on the market are mostly hybrids or crossbreed, it remains a fact that Indica strains help with relaxation of the body while Sativa strains give you that exhilarating mind high. As a result, even if the hybrid or crossbred seeds are either Indica or Sativa high, you know exactly what to choose based on your need.
Proficiency: Your proficiency with growing things is also a factor to consider when getting your seeds as some strains are very selective when it comes to growing conditions. What this means is that if you are not very proficient or the growing conditions are less than ideal, they might be unable to grow successfully. Besides, you should also consider the environmental conditions of your grow area to ensure that it will be conducive for the strain you have in mind.
Grow Space: The amount of grow space you have also affects your decision regarding the seeds you will choose because some plants can grow very tall to as much as 6 to 8 inches from seed. Thus, you should consider getting seeds that don’t grow too tall when the grow space available is small because this will hamper the growth of your plant if you get a seed that does not fit your grow space.
Climate: The climate of the grow area will also have some sort of impact on your seed decision as some strains thrive better in some climates than others. Also, seeds grown outdoors are more common, some are suitable for indoor growth while others thrive in both environments.
Flowering Period: The period required for the plants to grow and flower is also important when considering the seeds to get for your cannabis cultivation. Some seeds flower as early as 8 weeks while some take between 12 to 14 weeks or even more than that. As a grower, you’ll have a projected time frame or season in which you’ll wish to embark on the cultivation of your plants in preparation for harvest, so you should try getting strains that suit the timing you desire.
On a final note, you need to get sufficient knowledge about the different strains available before knowing which of them suits your needs. Also, if you want to purchase your seeds online and are unable to physically assess them, you should consider going through customer reviews to be sure the vendor can be trusted to deliver the best.
What are cannabis terpenes and what do they do?
The unique musky, skunky, and pungent aroma of cannabis is unmistakable: Most people can smell it before they even see it. Terpenes, the aromatic compounds that determine the scent of many flowers and herbs, bestow cannabis with its distinctive odor and contribute to its flavor.
Cannabis contains more than 150 types of terpenes. Although most terpenes are present in only trace amounts, the more prominent ones team together to give diverse cannabis strains their signature scent profiles. The combination of terpenes in Sour Diesel tell you of its pungent, gassy character, while Cherry Pie evokes the pleasant scent of sweet and sour cherry pie fresh out of the oven.
Beyond providing cannabis with its unique bouquet of scents, terpenes also hold diverse functions in the plant and can produce a range of therapeutic and mood-altering effects in cannabis consumers.
Where do terpenes come from?
Terpenes are naturally-occurring compounds found in the trichomes of female cannabis plants. Trichomes are sticky, translucent glands that cover the surface of buds, and in much smaller amounts, on leaves and stems. Critically, trichomes contain resin glands that produce terpenes.
Terpenes play an integral role in a cannabis plant’s growth and survival. Besides producing distinctive aromas, these organic compounds also enrich color and pigmentation in leaves and buds, and contribute to the flavor of cannabis. In short, terpenes help to enhance the plant’s attractiveness to some creatures, while deterring others that can do harm.
Certain terpenes like geraniol, for example, repel insects or herbivores that might be tempted to snack on cannabis. Other terpenes, like terpinolene and linalool, attract insects and other small creatures that can help spread pollen. These aromatic compounds support the plant’s immune system by conveying information about the surrounding environment, protecting plants from stressors and pathogens and helping to trigger immune responses.
A sweep of variables can affect the amount of terpenes a cannabis plant produces. Factors such as whether the plant is grown outdoors or indoors, exposure to light, temperature, certain growing mediums, nutrient levels, and when harvesting is carried out can all influence terpene levels.
Many terpenes are volatile compounds, meaning they are easily lost during standard cannabis extraction processes. However, growing awareness of the therapeutic value of terpenes is leading to more sensitive extraction methods, such as live resin.
Live resin is made from fresh frozen cannabis plants and maintains freezing temperatures throughout the extraction process to protect terpenes and other volatile compounds in the plant, leading to a more aromatically complex and flavorful cannabis experience.
How do terpenes affect the body?
Awareness of the aromatic properties of terpenes is not new. Humans have long harnessed the vibrant scents associated with terpenes to formulate essential oils for practices such as aromatherapy.
For example, anyone who’s dabbed lavender oil—which contains linalool—behind their ears knows that it can potentially help you relax you. Similarly, terpenes in certain cannabis strains can add to its effects.
However, the effects of terpenes appear to extend beyond feel-good benefits and stress relief. Terpenes have also been identified as a new frontier in cannabis medicine. Until recently, the spotlight has been focused almost exclusively on the therapeutic qualities of cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, but as our understanding of terpenes grows more sophisticated, it’s becoming apparent that these aromatic compounds are medicinal powerhouses too.
All terpenes boast unique combinations of therapeutic properties. Unsurprisingly, some of the effects terpenes have on humans are evocative of their function in cannabis and other plants—like helping to fight off unwelcome microbes and pathogens.
The medicinal benefits of terpenes
Preclinical studies on animals and in vitro studies—in test tubes—have identified a range of therapeutic benefits associated with terpenes. It should be noted, however, that terpene research is in its infancy and has not been widely performed on humans. More research needs to be done to solidify our understanding of these compounds.
Researchers are always on the hunt for new antiviral compounds. Many terpenes could show strong abilities to help kill viruses, including alpha- and beta-pinene, caryophyllene, camphor, and carvone.
Rising rates in many forms of cancer are driving the quest to find compounds that can help suppress it. Some terpenes, including those found in cannabis, can exhibit anticancer activity, helping to inhibit the activity or growth of cancer cells.
Limonene could represent a particularly notable anticancer and antitumor agent, along with other terpenes such as pinene, camphor, terpinene, and beta-myrcene. One potential unique benefit of terpenes is that they may be unlikely to affect healthy cells or cause side effects—something important for cancer treatments.
Twenty-five percent of antidepressant drugs are formulated using herbal extracts that contain terpenes. Linalool and beta-pinene are common among many plant extracts used in antidepressant medication.
A vast array of terpenes may display antimicrobial activity, or the ability to halt a harmful microorganism in its tracks. Terpenes that may help in killing or stopping the progression of microorganisms include alpha-bisabolol, geraniol, menthol, eucalyptol, and terpinolene.
Researchers have found that some cannabis terpenes may mimic cannabinoids by creating a pain-relieving effect. In one 2021 study that combined terpenes with cannabinoids, pain-relieving effects were amplified without an increase in negative side effects. This interaction could indicate the entourage effect (more below).
Terpenes that may promote pain-relieving activity include humulene, geraniol, linalool, and β-pinene. Fascinatingly, the study above also found that these terpenes activate the body’s CB1 receptors, which form part of the endocannabinoid system and influence pain perception.
How can terpenes contribute to the effects of cannabis?
Emerging evidence suggests that all plant compounds in cannabis work together synergistically—this is known as the entourage effect and can be thought of as: The whole of all compounds present in cannabis are more together than the sum of its parts. In other words, a special whole-plant synergy occurs when cannabinoids and terpenes are consumed together, as opposed to by themselves.
For example, terpenes appear to play a part in influencing the effects of THC and CBD in the body. In a 2018 review of people with epilepsy, those who took full-spectrum CBD extract—including cannabinoids and terpenes—experienced improved symptoms and fewer side effects than those who took CBD isolate, only containing cannabinoids. Full-spectrum cannabis extract is whole-plant medicine, containing cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds that are present in the plant.
The researchers also found that full-spectrum CBD extract was four times more potent than the CBD isolate, meaning patients could take a significantly lower dose, and attributed this to the therapeutic synergy of cannabinoids and other compounds, such as terpenes.
More recent research has found that terpenes boost cannabinoid activity, but high concentrations of terpenes were needed to see this enhancement.
It’s vital to acknowledge that much is still unknown about terpenes and their interactions with other terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids present in cannabis. In addition, the majority of the research we do have is based on animal or test-tube models.
Nonetheless, growing clinical interest in these aromatic compounds is yielding some fascinating findings. It’s likely that the coming years will see a more sophisticated understanding of terpenes develop, and how they behave both individually and synergistically.
The top three terpenes found in cannabis
As mentioned earlier, there’s a staggering range of terpenes present in cannabis—more than 150 different types, to be exact. While many of these occur in concentrations too low to detect, some have a more robust presence.
Here’s the lowdown on three terpenes that are the most predominant in cannabis.
Most cannabis cultivars are dominant in either myrcene or caryophyllene. Myrcene, a terpene that’s also predominant in hops and lemongrass, has been described as delivering scent notes that are herbaceous, spicy, earthy, and musky. Myrcene gives cannabis a mildly sweet flavor profile—it’s also found in mangoes.
In addition to contributing to the signature scent of cannabis, myrcene can also deliver anti-inflammatory effects. A 2015 study in cultured cells indicates that myrcene may effectively reduce inflammation associated with osteoarthritis.
The terpene also appeared to help prevent the breakdown of cartilage cells, slow down the progression of osteoarthritis, and decrease the production of certain inflammatory cells produced by the body. Myrcene could potentially be harnessed to help alleviate anti-inflammatory diseases and their symptoms in the future.
Caryophyllene, also known as beta-caryophyllene or β-caryophyllene, lends a spicy, peppery bite to some cannabis strains. Caryophyllene is also found in other plants such as cloves, rosemary, oregano, and black pepper. If you catch any of these scents when you smell a certain cannabis cultivar, it’s likely because caryophyllene is present.
Caryophyllene is the only known terpene found in cannabis that can bind to the CB2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system, which is found in the body’s immune system. Thanks to this unique action, caryophyllene is sometimes also classed as an atypical cannabinoid.
Research into the therapeutic actions of caryophyllene shows that it has potential in easing symptoms in diverse conditions such as colitis, diabetes, cerebral ischemia, anxiety and depression, liver fibrosis, and Alzheimer-like diseases.
Future research suggests that caryophyllene’s activity at the CB2 receptor could be harnessed to help treat conditions that are accompanied by inflammatory symptoms.
Clean, fresh, uplifting citrus-y scents—limonene’s name is a giveaway for the aromas associated with this terpene. Limonene is found in the rinds of citrus fruits and ginger, and the terpene is also predominant in many cannabis cultivars that have a fruity, fresh bouquet, like Papaya Punch or Black Cherry Soda.
Limonene appears to alter the way certain immune cells in the body behave, which may protect the body from a range of disorders. In one study, limonene helped to increase the production of antibody-producing cells in the spleen and bone marrow, which are used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Researchers have also recently floated the idea that the unique therapeutic profile of limonene could be useful in treatments for Covid-19.
Translation of “cannabis” in Russian
По имеющимся оценкам, незаконными наркотиками, преимущественно каннабисом, злоупотребляют около 32 миллионов африканцев.
С 2006 по 2013 год потребление каннабиса среди старшего поколения в Штатах увеличилось на 250 процентов.
На практике, использование испарений каннабиса предлагает значительные преимущества по сравнению с пероральным употреблением ТКГ.
Nemesis сочетает в себе два сорта из двух знаменитых регионов, где выращивается каннабис – Северной Индии и Непала.
Пациенты с депрессией, употреблявшие каннабис, сообщали о значительно большем количестве нарушений сна.
This may indicate that domestically produced cannabis continues to replace imported resin, mainly from Morocco.
Это может быть признаком того, что каннабис отечественного производства продолжает замещать импортируемую, главным образом из Марокко, смолу каннабиса.
По сообщениям, в Telegrass состоит более 100000 членов в Израиле, в том числе десятки поставщиков каннабиса.
Единственная константа между провинциями – это то, какие продукты каннабиса вы можете иметь на самом деле.
Creating outstanding cannabis seeds is a craft that combines natural selection with scientific assistance.
Процесс создания достойных сортов каннабиса – это истинное ремесло, сочетающее в себе незаменимую помощь науки и естественный отбор.
Рост объема изъятий каннабиса дает основания предполагать, что его производство также продолжает расти.
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