England international rugby player George Kruis has started a CBD business alongside his club teammate Dominic Day. READ MORE NOW! On January 1st, 2018, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) removed CBD from their list of banned substances. This has led to a surge in CBD use amongst professional and amateur athletes alike.
UK Rugby Superstars Enter The CBD Industry
George Kruis has had a mixed couple of weeks in his rugby career, being part of an England side that bested both Ireland and France in the opening two rounds of the Six Nations, before crashing to earth last weekend in Cardiff.
Off the playing pitch, the 28-year old lock has teamed up with Saracens clubmate Dominic Day to launch a CBD product that could help pro and amateur sports persons alike recover quicker from the rigours of their game.
CBD & The Sports Industry
Kruis and Day are no strangers to the surgeon knife, 12 times between them, and fourfive cbd was inspired partly by the pair desire to share the qualities of CBD with others, so much has it helped them in terms of general wear and tear recovery.
We have played and trained through pain and injury more often than we would have liked, they state on their profile page and it clear that both attribute their ability to turn around their physical conditioning between games, in part, to the qualities of the substance.
Reasons For Opening FourFive CBD
Kruis became acutely aware of the virtues of CBD oil after undergoing ankle surgery, when it helped him sleep better following weeks of intensive physical rehabilitation.
He told CityAM, When youre injured, you have to train five or six days a week so it’s quite intense. I wanted to improve my sleep to aid my recovery and that was one thing I saw real big benefits out of it.
CBD Approved by WADA & RFU
CBD, which is approved by the English RFU and more importantly by WADA, is found in three products under the fourfive brand – CBD oil, CBD balms and CBD capsules.
Last year England finished fifth in the Six Nations and we wouldn’t dare suggest CBD has had a part to play in the country change of fortunes this term. But Im sure it had a passing mention in the dressing room.
The company confirmed that both players have a preference for CBD in their training regime. They told EDIT UK, â€œDom uses CBD daily for an ongoing knee issue and George uses CBD post matches and tough training days, also to help him sleep as that is key to recovery in sport.â€
â€œAside from a couple of long term injured players, Dom and George are holding off giving CBD to athletes until their new 0% THC product is released in the near future. They want people to feel 100% comfortable using their products so this has been a step they believe is key to their business.â€
Research Into CBD Oil
Increasing research amid the rolling back of prohibition in various jurisdictions is helping cannabis-derived, non-psychoactive CBD shed its image as a taboo substance. With medical and now sporting leaders adding to that approval trend, it likely that CBD will not be contesting for a wooden spoon any time soon.
CBD and Sports Athletes (with a focus on Rugby)
For some time now, athletes and international sports federations have removed CBD from their list of prohibited substances. Although CBD’s anxiolytic, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties have been shown and reported, the research is not conclusive; in fact, scientists are testing these new cannabinoids on the health and performance of athletes.
The physiological mechanisms by which CBD influences sports performance are not yet fully understood, although there are several scientific studies that show evidence that CBD can help athletes recover from physical and emotional fatigue.
Recovery from fatigue due to physical exertion has become a key problem in modern sports research. After physical, physiological, and cognitive exertion, the functional ability of the athlete must be evaluated, but anxiety and depression are also frequent symptoms of central and peripheral fatigue, especially when combined with competitive pressure.
How does CBD work in the human body?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Unlike the psychotropic molecule THC, CBD is neither addictive nor psychoactive. Instead, CBD has been shown in clinical trials to help treat chronic pain and spasticity, mood and sleep problems, immunosuppression, and anxiety.
As CBD is generally approved for medicinal and recreational use, its application among athletes is increasingly gaining momentum, especially in the practice of sports injury treatment. There is a variety of scientific information on the possible benefits of CBD, although, without a direct study of the potential of CBD in sports rehabilitation, there can still be no proven scientific evidence.
The endocannabinoid system directly impacts the human brain, positively affecting mood and memory, and giving a feeling of induced pleasure, tranquility, and bliss. Endocannabinoids such as anandamide and 2-Arachidonoyl (2AG) behave like cannabinoids by activating CB1 and CB2 receptors, while the breakdown and absorption of anandamide enhance receptor binding of the CB1 and CB2 endocannabinoids found in the CNS and SNP. Here is scientific research that offers an introduction to the endocannabinoid system, in case you want to learn more about it.
CBD in sports medicine and sports injury treatment
Further studies are needed to better understand CBD’s impact on physiological process; as the interest in the use of CBD in the rehabilitation of sports athletes continues to develop, the CBD molecule would allow many athletes to treat conditions of physical stress and joint pain in an effective and completely natural way, without risking doping charges.
When taking CBD before, during, or after a workout or competition, its effects should be further examined for its possible benefits, efficacy, and safety profile. Future studies in the field of sports science and medicine are focusing on the role of CBD in physiological processes such as the inflammatory process, neuroprotection, analgesic, anxiolytic use, muscle strengthening, and neuromechanical function.
Other possible research areas include, but are not limited to, an optimal dosage based on physical and physiological load; effectiveness in terms of administrative timing; chronic and acute effects; cumulative responses with other recovery strategies; differences in tolerance and effectiveness by gender, professional level, and level of fitness; and other individual and variable conditions. The inflammatory signaling of CBD is an important part of the healing process; while there is still a lot of work to be done, studies indicate that CBD should be compared to conventional drugs in terms of efficacy.
Focus: Rugby and CBD. How CBD has changed the lives of professional rugby athletes
Rugby is a physically demanding sport, and as athletes get older and stronger, their pain and physical health management increases. Recovery for rugby athletes relies on strength and exercise, diet, and sleep. But that’s not always enough, so players turn to drugs like anti-inflammatory pills and opiates like Tramadol.
The culture of rugby has changed over the past five years, making it more difficult for players to take opioid drugs and pain relievers, but the agony of the sport persists, leaving players searching for natural and healthy alternatives.
Jerome Kaino, a two-time World Cup winner with New Zealand, was “always” taking anti-inflammatories before training and matches before discovering CBD and told the BBC: “You would be amazed how many athletes use the heavier painkillers to get rid of pain due to impacts, for us pain is a physical condition we have to live with every day, in the long run, the anti-inflammatories I was taking made me sick. I was constantly having stomach problems, but I had to take them to make my joints work properly and to be competitive.” Given the ease of availability, Kaino claims to have seen teammates become addicted to opiates.
In recent years, the star in rugby is certainly CBD oil. The use of CBD oil by athletes has increased considerably after CBD has been removed from the list of prohibited substances in 2018, many athletes, for example, have used the CBD products to quit smoking and detoxify from nicotine addiction, and this has allowed them to have better athletic and cardiac performance.
In the world of rugby, more than any other contact sport (except for the “cousin” sport, American football), athletes are subjected to high doses of physical and mental stress. As rugby is a very violent contact sport, rugby athletes are subject to multiple joint and motor problems. In recent times, 28% of rugby athletes, therefore, decided to replace anti-inflammatory and pain relievers with CBD-based products, as CBD not only helps decrease muscle / skeletal inflammation but also helps the athletes in the recovery phase, improving sleep.
Scottish rugby union player Finn Russell uses CBD to sleep, New Zealand rugby union player Jerome Kaino uses CBD for knee pain, while Scotland national team player Jim Hamilton stated that he needs CBD to deal with his physical ailments, even though he has ended his sports career. Among others, many other players of the British and Irish Lions, the Scotland national team, and the two-time World Cup champions All Blacks regularly use CBD to manage the agony caused by the violence of the sport.
More about scientific research in the medical and sports fields
There are many scientific studies about the role of CBD in sports recovery, and they all suggest that CBD increases the effectiveness and efficiency of recovery processes during exercise and sports-related fatigue. Cannabis-derived CBD appears to have several characteristics that could help athletes recover faster after exercise, practice, and specifically after sports injuries. These properties include anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, analgesic, anxiolytic and pain-relieving effects.
While the effects of CBD are still subject to several scientific studies to prove its effectiveness beyond any doubt, as previously described, many professional athletes have been regularly adopting CBD for some years. Unlike opiates or chemical drugs, Cannabidiol has no side effects, is not addictive, and those who make use of CBD claim it has tangible and concrete benefits, helping their body in restoring physical performance. With further recovery techniques combined with the physiological mechanisms of action of CBD, it is possible to minimize the accumulated fatigue that occurs during a match or during intensive training.
The most used CBD product in the field of competitive sports is certainly CBD oil, which is regularly used for its convenience of administration since it can be both massaged on the painful part and ingested. Some CBD oils on the market combine a blend of medicinal herbs and cannabis-derived CBD, which makes the CBD oils tastier. A good example are the products of MA True Cannabis, which offers a wide range of very effective and pleasant-tasting broad-spectrum CBD oils, blended with essential oils in a combination with MTC oil, that helps in terms of faster absorption by the metabolism.
The potential therapeutic benefits of CBD have been underestimated for years, but the current practice in sports injury treatment may allow for a greater understanding of this natural molecule and its effects. Furthermore, from an administrative point of view, a clearer and more comprehensive strategy for the use of cannabis in sport should also be developed and implemented.