cbd oil and seizures for dogs

Frequent question: Is CBD oil good for dogs having seizures?

Whether your dog has a diagnosed seizure disorder like epilepsy or occasional idiopathic seizures, studies have shown using CBD oil to be beneficial in reducing seizure activity. It works by affecting the CB1 receptors in your dog’s brain to calm overactive neurons and improve seizure control.

How much CBD do I give my dog for seizures?

Studies on using CBD for dogs with arthritis or seizures generally use a dose between 2-8 mg/kg, with most papers erring on the lower side of that estimate (roughly 1-2 milligrams per pound of body weight), twice daily.

Can CBD oil make seizures worse?

Your doctor can help determine if CBD will interact with any of your current medications. Research has found that some people report more seizures after taking CBD.

What can I give my dog for seizures?

The two most commonly used medications to treat seizures in dogs are phenobarbital and potassium bromide. Research into the use of other anticonvulsants is ongoing, and newer anticonvulsants such as zonisamide (brand name Zonegran®) and levetiracetam (brand name Keppra®) are becoming more popular.

Can too much CBD cause seizures in dogs?

Cital notes that the manufacturer of the FDA-approved CBD medication Epidiolex conducted a 56-week-long study of rats and dogs at high doses of both THC and CBD (roughly 25 mg/kg twice daily) and were unable to induce any seizures in dogs.

Do vets recommend CBD oil for dogs?

While veterinarians shouldn’t recommend CBD products, they can help pet owners weed through the myriad of companies offering products, according to Golab.

How long does it take for CBD to work on dogs?

CBD takes 30-45 minutes to start working. As a rule, oils tend to kick in a little faster than biscuits or treat just because there are fewer ingredients for furry bellies to break down first.

What CBD is best for seizures?

Top 5 CBD Oils For Seizures

  • Spruce CBD Oil – Top Pick.
  • CBD Pure – Editor’s Pick.
  • Joy Organics – Good for Seizures.
  • CBDfx Oil – Best Potency.
  • Penguin CBD – Best Flavor.

What CBD helps with seizures?

On June 25, 2018, the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved EPIDIOLEX ® (cannabidiol, CBD) oral solution for the treatment of seizures associated with two epilepsy syndromes – Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome – in people two years of age or older.

How does CBD help stop seizures?

CBD oil may help to stop seizures by activating certain cells called CB1 receptors. These cells are found in the nervous systems and in parts of the brain that are related to memory.

How can I treat my dogs seizures naturally?

Treatment Options for Seizures in Dogs

  1. Acupuncture. Acupuncture is the practice of inserting thin, sterile, stainless steel needles into specific points on the body. …
  2. Chinese Herbal Formulas. …
  3. CBD Oil. …
  4. Food Therapy.

How can I prevent my dog from having seizures?

Reducing stress and limiting changes to your dog’s environment can help to prevent seizures, as stress is known to ‘trigger’ seizures. Feeding your dog a healthy diet, keeping an eye on their blood sugar and getting them checked regularly by your daytime vet will also come in handy.

Is CBD oil or hemp oil better for dogs?

CBD oil has also been used to help treat anxiety, depression, sleep issues, and more in both humans and pets. On the other hand, hemp seed is considered a nutritional supplement. While it contains no CBD, it is chock-full of nutritional properties that support pet health.

Cannabis treatment for sick dogs lags behind US, but Colorado expert urges caution

Paddy is a 15-year-old golden retriever, much loved but slow on his legs.

Key points:

  • US studies have found dogs had fewer seizures when treated with cannabinoids – compounds found in cannabis
  • There were fewer side effects for the dogs, it was found
  • Veterinary cannabis use is yet to be approved in Australia

He is on medication for arthritis and has to have blood tests every six months to check for kidney damage — a common side effect.

"It can also cause vomiting, but he's OK, as long as he gets fed a lot," his owner Della Stevens said.

"We give him one tablet at night and he deals with it alright. Without it, he'd really struggle to get up and down."

It is still an oddity in Australia but in many US states, medicinal cannabis medications including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — the psychoactive component in cannabis — are being used as a treatment for pets with conditions such as arthritis and epilepsy.

It is a big and growing business.

According to US market research firm Brightfield Group, consumers spent $US426 million ($A551m) last year on pet products containing medicinal cannabis of some kind.

That number is expected to jump to $US629 million ($A814m) by the end of this year and $US1.1 billion ($A1.4b) by 2025.

Studies show early positive signs

Stephanie McGrath from Colorado State University is a veterinary neurologist who has conducted clinical trials using medicinal cannabis to treat seizures in dogs.

One study looked at the effect on 16 dogs who were being treated with standard anti-convulsive therapy.

Nine received cannabinoids (CBD) – compounds found in cannabis — and THC while seven were given placebos.

"It was very promising," Dr McGrath said.

"We showed a significant decrease in seizure activity between the treatment group and the placebo group."

The study also found that the dogs that absorbed CBD at a greater rate also had the greatest reduction in seizures.

"It really gave us a lot of hope that CBD might be a promising anti-convulsive for companion animals," Dr McGrath said.

"In the US there's an FDA-approved medicine for children with epilepsy and it was exciting to show that it may have a very similar effect in dogs as well."

The CBD treatment also came without the liver disease and pancreatitis that can accompany anti-convulsive therapies.

A previous study looking at the effectiveness of medicinal cannabis on osteoarthritis in dogs was less convincing, but Dr McGrath is lining up another project to look at that nexus again later this year.

Australia lagging behind

An Australian medicinal cannabis company that sources some of its raw materials from Tasmania, Auscann, recently completed a clinical trial in the US that looked at 46 dogs with osteoarthritis.

The randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial tested the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — the psychoactive compound in cannabis — and CBD on the mood, pain and lameness of the dogs over eight weeks.

The company told the Australian Securities Exchange: "A total reduction in veterinary lameness scoring was observed in all dogs treated with CPAT-01, showing improvement over time, which was numerically better for treated dogs compared with placebo."

Some hemp-based products, which include very low levels of THC and do not affect an animal's mental state, are available in Australia.

But the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority has not approved a single medicinal cannabis product for veterinary use in Australia and, in a statement, said that before any were authorised they would have to meet the statutory criteria, including safety and efficacy.

What happens if a pet overdoses on cannabis?

Not much, as it turns out, unless they eat a lot of other dangerous stuff as well.

Cannabis is legal in Colorado for recreational purposes as well as medical treatment.

Professor of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine Tim Hackett, also from Colorado State University, has treated hundreds of animals brought in with marijuana toxicity after eating their owner's stash.

He said after Colorado legalised cannabis use, the number of dogs admitted to the ED went from a handful a year to almost one a day.

"This is a dog problem; cats don't eat this stuff," Dr Hackett said.

"A human will know to stop after one gummy bear, but a dog will eat as much as they can, and then they come in with a range of systems from mildly impaired to unconscious and barely able to breathe.

"For the most part, they recover pretty well.

"But we've had the occasional very rare case where they're so impaired they get the rock star problem when they've had too many drugs and then they choke on their own vomit."

Eating too much oil, which is often used as a carrier for medicinal cannabis, can also cause pancreatitis and death.

More data needed

Although medicines containing marijuana are available for pets over the counter in many US states there is still very little research to prove their therapeutic benefits.

"We still don't understand things like, how much do you dose the dog to get a similar level as you get in a person?" Dr Hackett said.

"They have very different metabolic rates and they handle things differently. A single paracetamol in a cat can be fatal.

"We're really in unknown territory because the pharmacokinetics (how the body deals with medication) still haven't been done."

As for Ms Stevens, she's open-minded about cannabis treatments.

"If it didn't have the side effects, like the damage to the kidneys, I'd give it a go," she said.