cbd oil dosage for lupus

CBD for Lupus: How to Use CBD to Treat Lupus

The Lupus Foundation of America 1 cites that up to 1.5 million people are living with Lupus and 16,000 new cases are reported every day. Lupus is a condition that affects the immune system and is common in women aged 15-44 years. The condition drew public attention when Selena Gomez, a renowned singer, was diagnosed with it during her late teens.

Lupus symptoms make it extremely challenging to diagnose and treat. Most treatments are designed to reduce organ damage and pain, manage flares, balance hormones and regulate the immune system activity; not to cure the disease. Some patients have resorted to using CBD oil given the recent explosion of CBD products for treating a range of ailments. The oil is believed to provide an effective solution for treating inflammation and pain associated with Lupus.

What is Lupus?

Lupus is an autoimmune disease that causes the body’s immune system to attack its organs and tissues. The most obvious symptom of this disease is inflammation, often affecting the joints, kidneys, brain, blood cells, lungs, and heart. A facial rash also develops, which resembles the wings of a butterfly. Some people are born with lupus genes, which may be triggered by infections, sunlight, and other drugs.

There are different kinds of Lupus:

  • Systematic lupus erythematosus: It is the most common type and affects the whole body. SLE symptoms can range from mild to severe and causes inflammation of the lungs, joints, kidneys, heart, skin, or a combination of these. This type occurs in cycles; during times of remission, the patient does not exhibit any symptoms. However, during a flare-up, all the symptoms are likely to appear.
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus: It is also called cutaneous Lupus, and it affects the skin only. A rash appears on the neck, face, and scalp. The raised areas become scaly and thick, leading to scarring. The rash lasts from a few days to years and is likely to recur. In some cases, DLE progresses to SLE.
  • Drug-induced Lupus: 10% of the patients with SLE are likely to trigger symptoms as a result of a reaction to certain prescription drugs. Drugs used to treat high blood pressure, seizures, antifungals, antibiotics, and oral contraceptives cause this type of Lupus.
  • Neonatal Lupus: 1% of mothers who have autoantibodies associated with Lupus will sire babies with Neonatal Lupus. Kids with the condition develop liver problems, skin rash, and low blood counts. Most of them develop anemia.

Common Lupus Symptoms

Most symptoms occur during flare-ups. They include:

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling in the muscles and joints
  • Swelling around the eyes
  • Swollen lymph nodes or glands Symptoms
  • Skin rashes due to bleeding
  • Pale toes or fingers when it is cold
  • Fever, headaches, and usual loss of hair

Why CBD can be an Effective Natural Treatment for Lupus

Little research exists to justify CBD treatment for lupus. However, the properties of CBD compounds are believed to minimize some symptoms of the disease. A study conducted in 2009 about the use of CBD as a crucial anti-inflammatory drug found that it contains CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are also found in the immune cells. As such, CBD cannabinoids play a pivotal role in regulating the immune system.

CBD is an acronym for the word cannabidiol and is derived from cannabis Sativa. For years, the plant has been used as an alternative medicine for treating anorexia and cachexia in HIV/AIDS patients and, nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy. Advances in cannabinoid pharmacology led to the discovery of CB1 and CB2 receptors, which provide the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids. CB1 is dominant in the central nervous system, while CB2 is expressed in the immune cells. As such, CBD interacts with the receptors in the brains and immune system to reduce pain and inflammation.

The active CBD compounds achieve this by inhibiting the inflammatory protein interleukin-2 while stimulating an increase in interleukin-10 anti-inflammatory proteins. Further research shows that the best hemp products inhibit the production of interleukin-6, a protein associated with autoimmune diseases. The 2009 study on CBD also found that CBD provides an effective way of managing pain without the adverse effects exhibited by prescription drugs 2 . CBD oil activates vanilloid and adenosine receptors, which boost the production of serotonin. Here are more reasons that justify the use of CBD for Lupus:

Lack of Addictive Properties

CBD does not cause addiction when used for treating chronic conditions. Most of the prescription drugs formulated by pharmaceutical companies help manage Lupus symptoms. However, pharmaceutical companies use significant amounts of active compounds to suppress the symptoms, leading to serious side effects. CBD, on the other hand, is not addictive. Thus, patients don’t have to worry about withdrawal symptoms if they opt for CBD for Lupus.

CBD oil for Lupus: an effective remedy for inflammation and pain

Lupus is known to cause an epidemic of pain from inflammation, including untreated and under-treated pain. Research suggests that CBD oil in its pure form is a safe and effective remedy against inflammation and pain. Anecdotal evidence from people says CBD is an effective remedy for the disease.

Anecdotal Evidence

People who have used CBD oil for Lupus find it an effective remedy for the disease. This kind of evidence does not substitute scientific proof, but it is something that should get researchers interested.

How to Use CBD to Treat Lupus

There are different ways to administer CBD oil in patients diagnosed with Lupus, and these include edibles, extracts, topical ointments, vapes, tinctures, honey infusions, and capsules. Vaping is the best alternative for people who smoke. This is because the vape ensures only enough cannabis gets heated to release the cannabinoids. Patients who develop rashes and joint pain should use CBD tinctures and topical. However, since CBD is not FDA-regulated, patients are advised to consult with doctors familiar with CBD oil before administering any form of treatment. The manufacturer should be ready to provide a third-party analysis for its potency and purity.

How much CBD oil to take for Lupus

Once you have worked on a treatment plan, the doctor should recommend a suitable dosage for your needs. CBD dosages for Lupus treatment are not a one-size-fits; experts recommend a baseline of 10-20 mg per day, which is equivalent to the ratio of 1:6mg for every 10 pounds of body weight.

Medical Research about CBD and Lupus

Despite the few clinical studies about CBD treatment for Lupus, there is a growing body of work exploring how cannabinoids affect the immune system of an individual with Lupus. This focus on the immune system is critical as it enables pharmaceuticals to develop drugs that mimic Lupus treatment. An in-depth study of the immune system and the role of the endocannabinoid system occurred in 2009, where researchers learned a few things about CBD oil and lupus 2 . First, cannabinoids tested on other autoimmune disorders like colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis show that they protect the patient from pathogenesis by inducing a range of inflammatory pathways. It is this finding that echoes the role that CBD plays in the body of Lupus patients- reducing inflammation by interfering with the process through which the body generates inflammation.

Secondly, cannabinoids suppress the inflammatory response and relieve the symptoms of the disease. The properties of cannabinoids are mediated using different pathways, e.g., the suppression of chemokines and cytokines at the inflammatory sites, induction of apoptosis in activated immune cells, and upregulation of the T cells. A 2018 research published on Cellular Immunology found that CBD alters the activity of T-cell after a spinal cord injury 3 . This unusual activity of T-cells is involved in Lupus treatment. This discovery expands on the previous point by mentioning the actual proteins (cytokines) and cells involved in regulating the immune system.

Another research report published in the Free Radical Biology and Medicine Journal examined the role of CBD in diseases associated with inflammation 4 . George W. Booz, a professor at the University of Mississippi Medical Centre, concluded that inflammation and oxidative stress cause many human diseases. Identifying the relationship of each proves challenging because both properties feed off each other. However, the administration of CBD shows it is a promising starting point for more drug development thanks to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidizing effects.

Patients have also reported significant improvement in the disease after administering CBD oil. A particular survey involving Lupus patients was documented at the Lupus Corner. Seven hundred eighty-one individuals with the condition used CBD for a range of reasons, including treating Lupus. 83% of the respondents who used CBD as a direct strategy to manage Lupus symptoms would recommend it to other patients.

Conclusion

CBD oil and lupus research continues to face regulatory, pharmacology, and botanical challenges. However, attitude toward cannabis use has shifted as researchers continue to explore this plant’s therapeutic effects. Enough research findings show cannabis is a viable treatment option for alleviating pain and has anti-inflammatory effects on patients with severe conditions like Lupus, arthritis, and spinal cord injuries, among others.

Research into CBD as a natural treatment for Lupus began to flourish when scientists discovered the endocannabinoid system and the ability of CBD oil to stimulate CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body. However, if the FDA is to approve CBD oil for Lupus, randomized trials using accepted scientific methods need to prove the efficacy of this form of treatment. The recent stance of the Lupus Foundation of America is that there is a need for more research into CBD and Lupus.

Best CBD for Lupus – February 2022

There are several medications for people with lupus because of the vast array of possible symptoms a patient may have. Treatments depend on the severity of the condition.

People with lupus are prone to have serious complications that affect the body’s major organs, such as the skin, heart, lungs, and kidneys (5 ) .

Because of the numerous disorders that come with having lupus, several medications are prescribed by medical professionals as treatment options.

The Lupus Foundation of America’s list of drugs commonly used for lupus include (6 ) :

    • Antimalarial drugs , like hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine , for rashes and UV light protection
    • Anti-inflammatory drugs , like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) , for swelling and pain reduction
    • Biologics , like monoclonal antibody belimumab , to help the immune system function properly
    • Immunosuppressants , like cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and azathioprine , to control the overactive immune system
    • Anticoagulants , like aspirin, heparin, and warfarin , to prevent blood clots
    • Steroids (corticosteroids) , like prednisone, prednisolone, methylprednisolone, and hydrocortisone , to help with the body’s inflammatory response

    The mentioned drugs and medications can be combined as prescribed by doctors and may cause side effects.

    Taking a higher dosage of NSAID can cause gastrointestinal problems , such as stomach ulcers. Too much of it can reduce the kidney’s blood flow and may affect how the organ eliminates waste (7 ) .

    Initially, doctors administer steroids in the lowest possible dosage. Long-term use and high dosage of steroids may have more adverse effects on patients than benefits (8 ) .

    Continuous consumption of the drug may lead to osteoporosis and may increase the risk of infections, especially on open wounds (9 ) .

    Medical professionals recommend immunosuppressants to those who have severe lupus cases but cannot take higher doses of steroids. Immunosuppressants lower the immune system’s activity that is attacking an individual’s tissues.

    Lupus patients who are taking these drugs might have higher chances of developing other infections, like shingles, and severe diseases, like cancer (10 ) .

    Given these side effects, some people have turned to natural alternatives, like cannabis (medical marijuana) to treat lupus symptoms (11 ) . Marijuana plants contain cannabinoids, the most active of which is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

    THC is the psychoactive counterpart of CBD. Products with this component can make the user high, so caution is advised.

    There is no concrete evidence and documentation that CBD alone can directly treat lupus. However, according to studies, CBD may help manage other autoimmune disorders , like rheumatoid arthritis , multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, and type 1 diabetes (12 ) .

    Autoimmune diseases are chronic medical conditions wherein the immune system attacks the body’s healthy tissues and cells.

    How CBD Oil Works to Help Alleviate Symptoms of Lupus

    There are four different kinds of lupus, but the most common is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This kind of lupus elicits an abnormal response from the immune cells, enabling the immune system to attack the body’s healthy tissues (13 ) .

    These immune cells are called T cells and B cells. The former are white blood cells that fight foreign bacteria that enter into the body. The latter are the cells that produce antibodies.

    Th ere are four kinds of lupus, and they all share common symptoms, such as (14 ) :

      • Pain throughout the body including chest pain
      • Inflammation or swelling of body parts and joints
      • Headaches
      • Fatigue
      • Light sensitivity
      • Fever
      • Butterfly rash on cheeks and nose
      • Hair loss
      • Mouth and nose sores
      • Hypertension

      CBD may help reduce inflammation and pain, the primary symptoms of lupus, through the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the body.

      The ECS impacts the body’s immune response, regulating pain and inflammation. It also controls other bodily functions, like sleep , cognition, and metabolism (15 ) .

      Endocannabinoids, like anandamide and 2-AG, act as neurotransmitters that activate cannabinoid receptors, namely CB1 and CB2. The ECS produces both of these endocannabinoids.

      Anandamide has a direct correlation with CB1 receptors, with both of them functioning with the nervous system. Meanwhile, 2-AG and CB2 receptors are both associated with pain and inflammation relief (16 ) . 2-AG or 2-Arachidonoylglycerol is the endocannabinoid linked with pain relief, appetite, and mimics the function of THC (17 ) .

      These two pairs working together create equilibrium, also known as homeostasis. This process links to how CBD can affect the processes in the body.

      A 2018 study found that people with lupus have significantly increased levels of 2-AG, bound with CB2, compared to those who do not have the disorder.

      The elevated 2-AG levels are evident in those who have the lowest disease activity. The findings suggest that the symptoms are under control, and the ECS is working effectively to suppress lupus (18 ) .

      The results showed that cannabis might serve as an immune-modulating and regulating tool to maintain balance in an over- or under-reacting immune system (19 ) .

      CBD for Inflammation

      Inflammation caused by lupus can target different parts of the body, including joints, hands, feet, and even heart, especially during flare-ups or increased disease activity (20 ) .

      Researchers of a study published in the journal Future of Medicinal Chemistry discovered cannabinoids to be a potential lupus treatment because of its anti-inflammatory properties (21 ) .

      Some lupus patients may develop lupus myositis or the inflammation of skeletal muscles. According to a 2017 study, about 2% of the patients diagnosed with lupus have myositis and are more likely to have other complications , such as skin rash and alopecia areata (22) .

      Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles which results in hair loss and baldness.

      CBD oil tinctures can treat skin rashes and other skin inflammation , like eczema , with a low level of cannabinoids (23 ) . The topical use of CBD ointments on skin inflammations is also regarded as a safe and effective treatment, as cited in a 2019 study (24 ) .

      CBD for Pain Relief

      A study showed that almost 100% of people suffering from lupus experience muscle and joint pain (25 ) . More than half of the people stated that joint pain was the first symptom they felt after developing lupus.

      When a lupus patient’s joints are inflamed, the person is more likely to develop lupus arthritis if not addressed quickly.

      Compared to rheumatoid arthritis, lupus arthritis is less painful and less destructive. However, if untreated, lupus arthritis can lead to worsening joint and cartilage function that then can lead to muscle atrophy or loss of muscle tissue (26 ) .

      A 2018 study stated that chronic pain is the most common reason why people use cannabis for medical purposes (27 ) . This kind of pain includes neuropathic pain or nerve pain that targets the sensory system and is difficult to treat or locate.

      Significant studies show the positive effects of cannabinoids in suppressing inflammatory and nerve pains in rodents (28 ) .

      Based on a study conducted on rats with osteoarthritis, CBD may be safe and therapeutic for joint pain relief (29 ) . CBD experiments with animals as test subjects showed no signs and symptoms of harmful side effects. These experiments show a promising result for the potential treatment of pain on humans.

      CBD for High Blood Pressure

      People with lupus who are long-term steroid users may pose a higher risk for cardiovascular diseases, like high blood pressure, heart failure, and stroke (30 ) .

      CBD has shown to have a positive impact on the cardiovascular system by widening blood vessels to increase blood flow and lower blood pressure (31 ) .

      Blood pressure can increase due to anxiety and stress about the medical condition. Based on a study published in Medicine, about 25% of lupus patients have depression , while 37% have anxiety (32 ) .

      High strength but moderate dosage of CBD can be an agent for relaxation for people suffering from anxiety-related disorders, such as panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (33 ) .

      The Pros and Cons of CBD Oil for Lupus

      The Pros
        • Studies aforementioned showcased CBD’s benefits in alleviating common symptoms for lupus. CBD may be safer than most drugs prescribed that may have severe side effects.
        • The Lupus Foundation of America expresses its support for further research on using medical cannabis in treating lupus symptoms (34 ) .
        • CBD “is generally well-tolerated with a good safety profile,” according to the World Health Organization (35 ) .
        • CBD oil may be purchased over-the-counter in states and areas where they are legally available.
        The Cons
          • Medical marijuana, cannabis plants used for treating illnesses and medical conditions, is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (36 ) .
          • CBD is an immunosuppressant, based on a 2020 study published on Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research (37 ) . It means that CBD may weaken the immune response of the body , which may help people who have an overactive immune system . CBD also has anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting effects and thus may act as an immune modulator
          • Some medications may negatively react when used at the same time with CBD. The reaction can result in adverse drug events , like injury, overdose, and allergic reactions (38 ) . Consult with a doctor knowledgeable with medical marijuana before purchasing any CBD product.
          • There are unregulated and unsafe CBD products that have unproven medical claims that can harm the user. FDA has been warning the public about particular claims (39 ) .

          How CBD Oil Compares to Alternative Treatments for Lupus

          More than 50% of adults with lupus resort to complementary and alternative medicine as an addition or replacement to their prescribed medications (40 ) .

          Complementary treatments are services or medications that are added to the current treatment to treat lupus. Meanwhile, alternative medicines are treatments or services that are used as substitutes for prescription drugs .

          Complementary and alternative treatments include the following (41 ) :

            • Traditional Chinese medicine , like acupuncture and Tai Chi
            • Wellness programs , like massage therapy and meditation
            • Herbal medicines and other supplements , like omega-3 fatty acids, turmeric, and N-Acetyl Cysteine
            • Homeopathy and naturopathy, which are natural approaches to holistic healing
            • Chiropractic pain relief treatment to correct bone alignment problems by “cracking” the spine
            • Ayurveda, which is a non-traditional treatment that originated in India
            • Biofeedback, which uses electrical sensors connected to the body to measure the body’s overall well-being

            Though some of the mentioned treatments promote well-being and are harmless, these non-conventional practices still need further clinical research and rigorous scientific testing.

            Consult a physician first to know if a particular treatment has side effects or may induce a specific reaction to the current medication.

            On the other hand, CBD is also considered complementary and alternative medicine with the following characteristics:

              • Hemp oil from cannabis seed can be a source of essential amino and fatty acids. These include eighteen different chemicals , such as hydrocarbons, carbohydrates, and terpenes , known for their medicinal properties (42 ) .
              • While there are no treatments for lupus, CBD may help manage lupus symptoms, like inflammation, chronic pain, high blood pressure, and anxiety (43 ) .

              How to Choose the Right CBD Oil for Lupus

              Choosing the right CBD oil for lupus requires knowing which spectrum works best for lupus.

              For more significant healing effects and enhanced health benefits, pick the full-spectrum CBD oil. It includes phytonutrients from hemp, which are the natural chemicals produced by plants.

              Full-spectrum CBD oils deliver the entourage effect. The synergy of the combined chemicals, including THC, is a powerful and potent effect.

              The broad-spectrum CBD oil is suitable for those who are sensitive and prone to allergic reactions. It delivers results slightly similar to the full-spectrum oil minus the THC.

              Making informed choices based on the usage and purpose should be the top priority in considering the right CBD oil for any ailment or condition.

              Other reminders that one should keep in mind while choosing the right CBD oil are the following:

                • Research thoroughly and ensure that a reputable supplier or source manufactures the product.
                • Be familiar with medical marijuana laws in the area and make sure to abide by those.
                • Read product reviews before buying online. Look at positive and negative reviews about the store and the products. When buying a product in-store, ask if the store is authorized by the state or municipality to sell CBD.
                • Look for certification codes or a certificate of analysis to ensure that the product underwent quality control from an accredited laboratory (44 ) .

                CBD Dosage for Lupus

                There is no specific dosage recommended for lupus treatment since there is no FDA-approved CBD treatment for lupus. Keep in mind that every treatment differs from one lupus patient to another.

                However, it is best to take small amounts of CBD or a CBD:THC ratio as an ideal and safe measurement. If dissatisfied with the results, the dosage can be gradually increased .

                Observe and take note of any side effects that may occur. It is better to track the dosage and possible reactions, side effects, or improvements for later consultation with a trusted physician.

                Ultimately, seek information first from a medical practitioner before adding any CBD medication to the prescribed medication.

                How to Take CBD Oil for Lupus

                CBD products come in different forms that can fit into a person’s lifestyle and condition.

                The most common forms of CBD are oil and tincture. Both provide instant comfort and relief for pain and inflammation. The former can be used with vape, while the latter can be mixed with food .

                Ingesting CBD oil can sometimes leave an oily taste. The tincture is more suitable for direct ingestion because it has a broad selection of flavors.

                Topical CBD products , like creams, lotions, salves, and patches , work well with skin inflammations and body pain. Products like these can be applied directly to the skin. These products can treat skin rashes caused by lupus (45 ) .

                The American Academy of Dermatology suggested that topical CBD products may improve skin conditions , such as acne, psoriasis, and eczema (46 ) .

                Other CBD products also come in pills. Beginners can also explore other CBD products in the form of gummies , lozenges, and other food items , like brownies for convenient consumption.

                The Legality of CBD Oil

                Out of the 50 states of the United States, 33 allow the use of medical marijuana (47 ) .

                Out of the 33, only four states have been vocal about their permission to use marijuana to treat lupus, namely Hawaii, New Jersey, Illinois, and New Hampshire. Seven other states allow medical marijuana for lupus upon the recommendation of a physician.

                Conclusion

                Lupus is a life-changing autoimmune condition that has no cure. Every year records an estimated 16,000 new cases of lupus (48 ) .

                Living as an immunocompromised person can be difficult. However, knowing the right type, right dosage, and the right way to take alternative treatments , like cannabinoids, may be a significant step towards a better life.

                CBD can help alleviate lupus symptoms, such as inflammation and pain, hypertension, anxiety, skin infections, and photosensitivity.

                Because of the side effects that come with certain drugs, people with lupus should engage in a conversation with their

                CBD FOR LUPUS: What You Thought You Knew

                If you have any medical questions or concerns, please talk to your healthcare provider. The articles here are written by a Functional Medicine Holistic Nutritionist. However, they are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

                CBD FOR LUPUS: What You Thought You Knew

                Cannabis is a natural growing plant that aids not only in reducing symptoms but putting your body into homeostasis. When your body is in “balance” it will never show symptoms of a disease.

                CBD for Lupus… Do we need it, what should I take, and what IS CBD?

                First, let me be clear – CBD, Cannabis/Marijuana, and Hemp are NOT the same thing.

                Everyone’s talking about Cannabidiol (CBD) and spreading a whole lot of misinformation. Many are using the wrong terms to describe what they have and what others should take and it is very misleading. This causes people to not feel relief or not understand it so they expect one thing and get another.

                I’m going to tell you “must know” facts on CBD that you’re not going to find anywhere else.

                How do I know all of these CBD facts?

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                Well, besides my degree in health sciences that I use daily, I thoroughly research it, speak to professionals in the field, and use CBD and cannabis myself. Cannabis education is one of my passions!

                Did you know CBD can be derived from different sources too?? Well, get into that.

                Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural game-changer for anyone suffering from chronic inflammation, chronic pain, autoimmune conditions, and even cancer. Lupus sufferers find cannabis and CBD to work a million times better than any other medication and there are no side effects that will hurt us.

                It’s the best addition to treatment for anyone and everyone (animals and children included)

                Must-Know CBD Terms

                Cannabis: It’s known as marijuana, weed, and pot. It’s the entire plant. It can be eaten, brewed, smoked and vaporized. Its oils can also be extracted and consumed, or incorporated into topical creams. Cannabis is consumed for its psychoactive and pain-relieving properties. It is currently a Schedule 1 drug in the United States and is illegal at the federal level, but is legal for recreational and/or medical use in 33 states.

                Strain: A variation of cannabis that has been bred to enhance certain characteristics and compounds.

                Terpenes: Aromatic oils secreted by the cannabis plant, which give its particular strain unique flavors and scents. Over 100 types have been identified. Terpenes also interact with other cannabis compounds to produce various physical and psychoactive effects.

                Endocannabinoids: Neurotransmitters produced by the body that bind to cannabinoid receptors. Endocannabinoids help to control functions like pain and inflammation and maintaining homeostasis in the body.

                Cannabinoid: Chemical compounds secreted by cannabis flowers. These are the compounds that relieve pain, nausea, anxiety, inflammation and so forth. THC and CBD are two of the common ones we hear often. Cannabinoid’s bind to receptor sites in our brain (CB-1) and our body(CB-2). Different cannabinoids have different effects depending on the receptor they bind to.

                THC: Abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol, one of the most popular compounds, or “cannabinoids,” found in cannabis. THC is the psychoactive component from the plant. It binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain that are responsible for pleasure and pain.

                CBD: Abbreviation for cannabidiol, this is the other popular cannabinoid found in cannabis. CBD is non-psychoactive and, unlike THC which binds to cannabinoid receptors, stimulates the body’s own endocannabinoid system. This can lead to physical benefits like reducing pain and lowering inflammation.

                Cannabis/Marijuana

                Cannabis can be called marijuana, but it’s not exactly the same thing. Cannabis is the entire plant while marijuana is the flower of the plant. I’ll use the terms interchangeably.

                Either way, it is one of the most beneficial and natural healing plants from nature. Cannabis can be made in many forms like vapes, gummies, oils, pills, topical creams, patches, and more.

                It’s very complicated and contains so many different compounds that include terpenes and cannabinoids. Those compounds are used to create specific strains where each has different effects, taste, and smell.