cbd oil for bees

CBD Oil – Full Spectrum Extract

With premium-quality full-spectrum CBD extract in each milliliter, Gold Bee CBD oil is an excellent choice for new users and those looking to test how different doses of CBD affect their bodies.

Available in natural (unsweetened) and honey-infused flavors.

CBD per serving: 10-40 mg
Serving size: 1 dropper (1 mL)
Servings per container: 30

Natural: Full-spectrum CBD, MCT oil, terpenes
Kiwi + Honey: Full-spectrum CBD, MCT oil, Honey extract, stevia extract, terpenes

Measure out the desired amount of CBD oil with a dropper and squeeze it out under the tongue. Once there, hold the oil in your mouth for about 60 seconds, then swallow. You can swish the oil around your mouth with the tongue to increase the surface area for absorption and reduce the amount of CBD that passes through the digestive gut. This way, the CBD will absorb right into the bloodstream, providing faster effects. Take once or twice daily.

Made from US-grown,
non-GMO hemp

Contains full-spectrum CBD

Contains full-spectrum CBD

Lab-tested for potency and safety

Lab-tested for potency and safety

10mg per serving

It would be difficult to find a person that wouldn’t have tried CBD oil in their life these days. However, if you’re one of those rare people, you might be convinced that the golden rule “the more the merrier” applies to the potency of CBD as well. There are indeed few people aware of the benefits of using smaller doses of CBD oil throughout the day.

At Gold Bee, we use full-spectrum CBD from organic hemp plants that reflect the original chemical profile from the source material. This feature is especially important for the scale of the entourage effect provided by the active ingredients found in hemp.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil Formulation

Our commitment to the environment is reflected in the way we produce our CBD oil. We source all our hemp plants from friendly farms in Colorado, where they are grown in open-air fields without fertilizers or GMO crops. Once fully mature and harvested, the plants are extracted in our facility using CO2 to avoid the use of toxic solvents.

Our CBD oil contains only natural ingredients and without any artificial such as synthetic flavorings. The formula of our oil is simple to the bone: we use a full-spectrum hemp extract, coconut-derived MCT oil, and natural honey flavor that masks the subtle “earthy” aftertaste. The earthiness is still there, but it blends well with the sweetness from honey.

If you’re looking for a budget-friendly option to help with issues that may negatively impact your day-to-day life, such as managing stress or easing physical discomfort, the Gold Bee CBD oil is a great option. This product is just right for many folks out there; it just offers a lower serving size than our other, stronger options. Since the oil is less concentrated than standard potencies, the aforementioned earthy flavor doesn’t impose itself that much.

We also recommend this potency for new users who want to find their optimal dosage using smaller increments. Once you’ve found your effective dose, you can stick to it as long as you don’t take more than one dropper daily. If you find yourself using more than that, check out our more concentrated options:
600, 1200 mg, and 2400mg.

What Our Customers Are Saying

Buy Full Spectrum CBD Oil Online from Gold Bee

Most CBD transactions are made online these days. You can browse through different brands and products in the comfort of your home, even in your pajamas at 1 am. While for some traditional shoppers this may sound uncommon, buying CBD online is much safer than doing so in-store.

The number one reason to buy CBD oil online is transparency. At Gold Bee, we send samples of our products to a certified laboratory for content analysis to confirm its potency and purity. Here, you can buy full-spectrum CBD oil knowing that it comes from a safe and trusted source, without a shadow of pesticides, heavy metals, or solvents.

You can conveniently place an order using a major credit card, and we’ll take care of the rest, from packaging to shipping your CBD oil right at your doorstep. We’re aware that our premium extracts are priced slightly higher than the competition, but we make up for it with regular discounts and reward programs to make our products affordable for everyone. With organic products, transparent manufacturing process, unparalleled transparency, and some of the best tasting CBD oil around, Gold Bee offers top-of-the-shelf services and products you can buy with confidence.

Cbd oil for bees

Sourcing the best ingredients from nature—and sharing the choices we make along the way that impact you and the earth—is important to us. Our CBD is carefully extracted from hemp plants grown and harvested in Colorado by farmers following the latest organic practices. The resulting CBD extract meets our strict standards for efficacy, authenticity, and purity. All products in the collection are over 98.8% natural origin, too.

Since 1984, Burt’s Bees has consciously crafted products with powerful botanicals from nature—and we’re always seeking out new and effective ingredients to nourish and revitalize both the skin and spirit. Our Full-Spectrum CBD collection is no different, harnessing transparently-sourced, full-spectrum CBD alongside other plant-derived oils and nourishing ingredients. The products are made in the USA and meet Burt’s Bees rigorous standards to maintain quality and purity. In fact, each formula is tested by a third-party lab for purity and potency.

If you’ve been curious about CBD, now is the time to discover this hemp-derived skin superhero, and the sustainable story behind it.

Bees and Cannabis

Very little research appears in the literature about how honey bees interact with cannabis plants containing levels of THC appropriate for recreational or medical use. In fact, only one scholarly article about the interaction between cannabis plants and bees can be found. So what are the biologic and physiological relationships between cannabis and Apis mellifera?

When I became a beekeeper I located some of my bee hives on a property that has beautiful land resources. The property owners grow organic plants and flowers during the summer and have a clean and continuously running stream a few yards away from the hives. The hives are situated facing south-east and the area has a big thicket of tall, mature plants on the north side of the hives to protect against winter winds. Pigs in a neighboring field stir up and then loll around in puddles of muck during Spring and Summer and sometimes the bees seem attracted to the puddles. The community gardens, visible from the property interest the bees a great deal. The setting is idyllic and the bees proved to be good pollinators.

I had no warning that my bees would eventually be in the middle of a cannabis grow. However on the day that Oregon law changed to allow citizens to grow cannabis, an odor that some described as “heavenly” and others referred to as “skunk-like” emanated from the fields.

When I told people that my bees now had access to cannabis, the reaction was always the same; they asked whether the bees were “buzzed” (intoxicated) and whether their honey would make people “high” (also intoxicated). I was fascinated by this question! Would we (quite unintentionally) produce psychoactive honey? This began a line of inquiry on my part to determine whether bees are interested in cannabis, what they might glean from it nutritionally and the effects of cannabis on bees and bee products.

I had an opportunity to check on the hives on at least a weekly basis and hoped to make some observation of what the bees might be harvesting. I was disappointed though. Observation of the bees revealed that there was apparently no interaction in spite of the abundance of plants and close proximity of cannabis plants to the hives.

Why not? One hypothesis was that the bees were not attracted to the aroma of cannabis plants. Bees have an exquisite olfactory sense that they use to detect pheromones of other bees and to find nectar. They are also attracted to colors and these two appeals to the senses are like neon billboards for finding food and mating opportunities. Cannabis does not have these attributes.

Thus, there are reasons that bees would not find cannabis attractive. There is also an absence of specific information suggesting attractiveness of cannabis (to bees) in the literature. However an apparently contradictory piece of video footage turned up on social media. The video showed seemingly excited honey bees buzzing around and alighting upon a cannabis plant from which they appeared to be feeding (Nicolas Trainerbees, 2015).

Many viewers seeing that footage probably believe that the bees derived some chemical excitement from their contact with the plant. However this is very unlikely because bees have no neuroreceptors that would allow them to apprehend the psychoactive elements present in cannabis.

In their 2001 article, “Cannabinoid receptors are absent in insects” (Mcpartland, J, DiMarzo, V, De Petrocellis, L, Mercer, A, Glass, M), the authors revealed that insects do not produce arachidonic acid which is a precursor of necessary ligands. It is thought that the CB (cannabinoid) receptor was lost in insects over the course of evolution. The authors also noted that the CB receptor appears to be the only known neuroreceptor that is present in mammals and absent in insects. Because of its documented absence, we can reliably say that bees are unable to experience cannabis in the same way humans do.

The next often asked question fielded by this writer is whether honey made by bees having access to cannabis plants contains THC and whether it exerts a psychoactive effect on those consuming it.

The cannabis plant is mostly wind pollinated and therefore has not evolved to attract bees. It does not produce a smell that would attract bees, nor is it colorful and finally, and most importantly, it is unable to provide a reward in the form of floral nectar. As those familiar with Apis mellifera know, it is nectar and not pollen that is required by bees to make honey. But the male plant does provide pollen in some circumstances.

The existing scholarly article on the topic (Dalio, J.S., 2012) notes that cannabis pollen seems to be a food of last resort for bees. The author notes that bees (in India where the observations occurred) turned to cannabis plants as a source of protein but only visited male plants during times of dehiscence when the male plant’s reproductive organs released pollen and that bees were only interested in that pollen during a pollen dearth.

So how can we account for the reports of persons who say they have seen bees congregating and apparently foraging on female plants or of the images available on the social media site? Seeking answers, this writer approached Norman Carreck (Science Director and Senior Director of Journal of the Apiculture Research) who suggested that the possible source of the female plant’s attractiveness to bees could be “extra floral nectaries” documented as an attribute of the cannabis plant by John Free (1970) in his book, Insect Pollination of Crops (personal communication with Mr. Carreck, January 20, 2016). Extra floral nectaries include glands residing outside the calyx producing both water and sugars. There are no formal reports of extra floral nectaries in cannabis plants other than the one previously referenced by John Free (1970). However if cannabis plants are shown to have these, they could serve a defensive purpose by attracting ants which then serve as guards protecting the plant from herbivores – or they might serve to attract bees. However, cannabis is known to have glandular trichomes (plant hairs that secrete fluid), which could also be a plant feature interesting to bees (personal communication with Dr. Marjorie Weber, Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Population Biology, UC Davis, January 21, 2016).

In cannabis plants, bulbous type trichomes are the smallest at 15-30 microns and are barely visible. Capitate-sessile trichomes measure from 25-100 microns across and capitate-stalked trichomes measure from 150-500 microns and are the most abundant. The latter contain the majority of the psychoactive cannabinoids (THC, THCV, CBN) and the effects of use are at least partly mediated by how much degradation is allowed prior to harvest. It appears that trichomes have evolved for the purpose of making a plant less tasty to animals and insects (Anonymous, 2016) making the idea that bees are feeding from trichomes less plausible and more likely that they might be collecting resin from them.

In another discussion with noted entomologist, Dr. Dewey Caron, more ideas were advanced. First, that another naturally occurring source of interest for bees called “honeydew” is often the object of their interest. Honeydew is simply the waste product of scale or other sucking insects which cannabis is likely to host. These tiny insects probably concentrate their feeding (and excretion) at the tender surfaces of new plant growth and produce tasty waste products that bees might feed on. Second, is the possibility that bees might be collecting resins for purposes of making propolis (a sticky bee product used by them to sanitize, reinforce and weatherproof the hive) and third, that bees demonstrating activity on cannabis plants might even be seeking moisture from irrigation (personal communication with Dr. Caron January 21, 2016).

Presently, it seems that some aspects of the relationship between bees and cannabis are not yet verified. Judging from statements occurring in public discourse, misinformation about bees, cannabis and honey based upon legend and lore exists among some of the public.

Much may yet be discovered, but some hypotheses are more likely true than others: First, it appears that bees cannot experience altered neurophysiology as a result of exposure to cannabis given that they have no neuroreceptors for the chemical it contains. Second, the literature suggests that they do not prefer cannabis pollen but will resort to visiting male plants and collecting pollen from them mostly during a floral dearth. Third, if bees congregate and appear to be feeding upon female plants it is not to collect floral nectar because cannabis does not produce flowers containing nectar; there is no known reason for the plant to produce nectar to attract pollinators due to the fact that it has evolved as a wind pollinated plant. However the plant may produce water and sugars if extra floral nectaries are proved to be present in this plant which could account for observations and anecdotes about bees congregating there.

Fourth, it is possible that an extra floral plant exudate might be used by Apis mellifera to make honey and one can speculate about the presence of the precursors of psychoactive chemicals. It seems unlikely though unless the bees are actually foraging on trichomes. Trichomes have evolved to protect the plant from the predatory interests of animals and insects so the idea of bees foraging from them seems unlikely. The common use of the term “sugar” to describe the frosty looking trichomes which have become opaque may further cloud the issue, bringing some to equate trichomes with sweetness. In fact, people who advocate juicing cannabis reference the need to mix it with other vegetable juice to cut the bitter taste. Generally bees do not seem to seek out bitter fluids.

Fifth, even if the resulting honey did contain such alkaloids, bee products would not be psychoactive without heat being applied for the purpose of converting alkaloids from an inactive to an active state (decarboxylation). Thus persons reporting a high after eating raw honey made by bees having access to cannabis are much more likely to be reporting a psychological phenomenon rather than a physiological one.

Finally, bees have an affinity for honeydew (waste products of scale and other insects that inhabit and forage in cannabis plants) therefore any interest bees demonstrate toward this plant could be based on the presence of honeydew, or even due to bees’ interest in collecting moisture or resin.

A final possibility is that bees might be trained to collect whatever substances are available from the plant as a result of experiencing a conditioning paradigm. Under such circumstances they might learn to associate the plant odor with a reward (sugar water) which could account for the enthusiasm they appear to be showing in the referenced video.

Future observation will likely yield more information about cannabis and about how Apis mellifera interacts with this plant.

Insofar as is known, no one has examined the composition of contents of the gut of bees appearing to forage on cannabis or even the composition of their propolis. No micro observation of their interaction with the plant is readily available either. Given the novelty of legal cannabis farming in some of the American states it seems likely that there will finally be more interest and opportunity for systematic observation and research allowing anecdotal reports and scientific data to be accurately reconciled.

References

Anonymous. (www.cannabis.com, Publisher). (January 25, 2016) retrieved from http://cannabis.com/faqs/growing/curing-what-are-trichomes-trichome-101.html

Dalio, J.S. Cannabis sativa- an important subsistence pollen source for apis mellifera. IOSR J. of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences (IOSRJPBS) ISSN: 2278-3008 Volume 1, Issue 4 (July-August 2012), PP 01-03

Free, J. (1070. Insect pollination of crops. London, New York: Academic Press.

Mcpartland, J, DiMarzo, V, De Petrocellis, L, Mercer, A, Glass, M. Cannabinoid receptors are absent in insects. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 2001 Aug 6, Vol 463(4), pp423-429.