CBD Oil For Dogs Kidney Disease


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What is Kidney Disease in Dogs? Before we get right into the deep deep dive of kidney disease, let’s first talk about the importance of these vital organs that we may or may not give enough credit to. If we want to begin to understand just how important our kidneys are for preventing certain health concerns, we must ta Did you just get the diagnosis that your dog has problems with their kidneys? You may now be looking for information on what causes your dog to have issues with their kidneys and what you can do to help. Find out here!

What is Kidney Disease in Dogs?

Before we get right into the deep deep dive of kidney disease, let’s first talk about the importance of these vital organs that we may or may not give enough credit to. If we want to begin to understand just how important our kidneys are for preventing certain health concerns, we must talk about what exactly is at risk.

In today’s article, we’ll discuss things you, as paw parents, should know about kidney disease in dogs. Whenever something goes wrong with any vital organs, such as the kidney, it’s a scary situation. With this being said, being able to recognize the early signs and symptoms of organ failure or damage can allow paw parents to act quickly and appropriately towards getting their puppers the necessary medical treatment needed.

In addition, there are numerous preventative measures that you can take and implement in your dog’s life to ensure that their kidneys stay healthy and happy.

Understanding Kidney Function: 7 Benefits

For starters, the kidney is made up of millions and millions of microscopic units called nephrons. These nephrons are responsible for going through and separating chemicals into discarded and reabsorbed back into the bloodstream files. Urine is a byproduct when the discarded chemicals dissolve in water. Kinda cool, right?

1. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is necessary for our doggo’s bones to function properly and absorb phosphorus and calcium. The kidneys work hard to produce an active form of Vitamin D, keeping our furry friend’s bones strong and healthy. If the kidneys are suffering, however, this can cause damage to the rest of the body.

2. Regulates pH Levels

The kidney helps your dog’s body regulate pH levels. As the cells begin to break down in your dog’s system, the cells turn into acids, per se. Different foods can cause cellular changes, resulting in acidic levels being too high or too low. Fortunately enough, the kidney can help regulate these levels by adding or removing acids in the body.

3. Removes Toxins

The kidneys play a key role in removing toxins, waste, and extra fluids from the body on a regular basis. Waste and extra fluids are stored in your dog’s bladder, well, until they urinate. But, if the kidneys are functioning correctly, this accumulation of toxins won’t get properly released and will continue to build up in their body.

This large amount of toxins can lead to irreversible damage for your furry friend. Dogs are exposed to various toxins every day, it is inevitable. But, if their kidneys aren’t able to rid the body of these toxins, this is where an accumulation can build up quickly.

4. Helps Control Blood Pressure

The kidney can help control your canine’s blood pressure. The kidneys are able to work consistently to decrease or increase blood pressure by controlling fluid amounts and producing various hormones to cause their blood vessels to contract or relax. The kidneys can make these changes depending on what your dog’s body needs at any given time. Amazing, right?

Thus, if their kidneys aren’t functioning up to par, high blood pressure can lead to worsened kidney damage. Blood pressure should continuously be monitored, especially if your dog has kidney failure. Medication may be prescribed to help in controlling your dog’s blood pressure.

5. Water Storage

If your pup is dehydrated, don’t worry, their kidneys have been conserving water during this time. The kidneys also work to remove any excess of water if they drink too much. This helps in preventing dilution in the bloodstream. Dogs with kidney disease aren’t able to produce concentrated urine, so they need to drink more water to help process their normal waste products.

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6. Balances Electrolytes

The kidneys also play a key role in controlling your dog’s electrolyte balances in their bloodstream. Poor kidney function may result in a lack of ability to conserve potassium. If their potassium levels decrease in the body, your paw friend may become weak and lethargic. Don’t worry too much if this is the case, potassium supplements are commonly prescribed if this is the scenario.

We mentioned this briefly above, but a balance of phosphorus and calcium are needed in the blood at all times. Phosphorus rises when kidney dysfunction sets in, which will require continuous monitoring, therapeutic diet changes, and potential medicative prescriptions to keep their levels within normal ranges.

7. Protein Storage

Nephrons use a type of filtration process to help conserve protein at the same time they are discarding waste. If the nephrons are damaged, proteins can be lost in the urine. Proteinuria is closely monitored if your dog has kidney disease, especially if your dog is staging into kidney failure.

It’s incredibly crucial that your dog’s kidney function is in pristine health. They are essential to your dog’s well-being, quality of life, and daily function.

Where are the Kidneys?

Like us humans, our doggos have two kidneys! These are located in the dorsal abdomen alongside the lumbar spinal region.

What is Kidney Disease?

Kidney disease is also known as renal disease, which refers to any condition that may cause damage to the kidneys. In some instances, dogs may show early signs of kidney damage and if paw parents are able to recognize the symptoms quickly, treatment can be readily available. It may even be possible to reverse any short-term damage with a proper and diagnosed medical intervention from a licensed veterinarian.

Unfortunately, most cases of kidney disease aren’t diagnosed until it’s too late – when they’ve lost up to 75% of their kidney function.

With this being said, the early recognition of kidney damage can truly save your pup’s life! A routine check-up through preventative measures at the vet can help paw parents ensure that their furry babies are continuously in good kidney health.

Kidney Disease vs Kidney Failure

Kidney disease and failure may be used interchangeably. The biggest difference here is the stage of kidney dysfunction. For instance, stages one and two may be referred to as kidney disease and stages three and four may be referred to as kidney failure. Kidney disease, in the early stages, is potentially reversible. On the other hand, kidney failure, in the later stages, are often irreversible.

What are the Types of Kidney Disease?

1. Acute Kidney Disease in Dogs (AKD)

Acute kidney disease in canines begins when there is a quick decline in kidney function. This can happen in a matter of a couple of days, with or without much warning. The most common reason for acute kidney disease in doggos is due to toxin ingestion, including poison, medication for humans, or antifreeze of some sort.

AKD can even develop from infections or urinary obstructions, decreases in blood flow, or decreases in oxygen level delivery to vital organs.

Acute kidney disease usually has a root cause that vets are able to pinpoint. Thus, dogs with AKD should be able to start treatment sooner than later, with vets ensuring that this acute damage does not cause any permanent harm.

Every dog’s case is totally different though, so we encourage you to talk with your vet immediately if you suspect any changes or complications with fido’s behavior or health.

AKD Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of AKD can fall under the ‘general’ signs and symptoms of kidney disease. The biggest difference between general kidney disease and AKD is how rapidly the symptoms may develop. It’s important that paw parents know and understand that timely diagnosis and medical intervention is needed.

2. Chronic Kidney Disease in Dogs (CKD)

The second type of kidney disease in canines is chronic kidney disease (CKD). The chronic part of the disease refers to a condition that slowly develops over a long period of time. In addition, chronic can mean diseases that are constantly occurring or recurring. For this reason, the underlying cause of CKD in dogs can be extremely hard to diagnose, even with extensive tests.

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CKD Signs and Symptoms

Similar to the general kidney disease signs and symptoms, those of CKD develop slowly with time. This can be scary because symptoms may not become obvious until your four-legged friend is experiencing a 75% loss of kidney function. Thus, it’s so important for you to know exactly when your dog’s health and well-being seems “different” or “off” and to act accordingly.

Symptoms of CKD may include:

  • Weight loss
  • Vomit
  • Oral ulcers
  • Pale appearance
  • Bad breath
  • Reduced appetite
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary leakage
  • Lethargy

What are the Causes of Kidney Disease?

The kidneys can be damaged in numerous ways, more than we can count most times. Kidney damage may be caused by the following:

  • Stress
  • Blood clots or loss
  • Dehydration
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart failure
  • Infection
  • Shock
  • Kidney stones
  • Untreated diseases

Kidney Disease in Dogs: Final Thoughts

Being a responsible and caring paw parent isn’t always easy as some make it out to be. In particular, when issues come up, it can not only be a tough pill to swallow but also a quick recap of wondering when things go wrong.

From feeding your pup only the highest quality dog foods to giving them all the love and attention they desperately deserve, you do your best to ensure their needs are met, at any and all times. But, from time to time, health issues are inevitably going to rise.

It’s so important that you are able to keep on top of your dog’s health and well-being, reacting in a way that keep your furry friend happy and healthy.

Kidney Disease In Dogs: The info you need to know from a veterinarian

Did you just get the diagnosis that your dog has problems with their kidneys? You may now be looking for information on what causes your dog to have issues with their kidneys and what you can do to help. This article will cover all these points.

Types of Kidney Disease in Dogs

There are different types of kidney disease. Some are easily corrected and have no lasting damage but do have discomfort, while some are more complicated and usually irreversible.

Acute Kidney Failure

Some type of damage to the kidney, such as toxin or drug exposure that suddenly causes a decrease in kidney function is Acute Kidney Failure. This type of kidney disease is often reversible if caught early. Your veterinarian will start your dog on IV fluids to help flush the toxins of the kidneys. Acute Kidney Failure can also be deadly or lead to chronic kidney failure if not caught and treated early

Chronic Kidney Failure

Chronic Kidney Failure is due to genetics or old age. This is a slow progression of kidney disease, which starts with just mild signs of kidney disease such as drinking a lot more water or urinating more. With chronic renal failure, it can be harder to treat. At the initial diagnosis, your veterinarian may give your pet IV fluids to help the kidneys function better. Your pet will end up taking daily supplements and a change in diet to help the kidneys function properly.

Congenital Kidney Disease

Some dogs are born with kidney problems. They may have underdeveloped kidneys or masses or cyst on their kidneys. Depending on what is causing the kidney disease, this may never affect them, or it may significantly shorten their life.


Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the tubes in the kidneys. The tubes are used to filter the urine flowing through the kidney. When these tubes get inflamed, they can also become damaged, causing kidney disease.

Lyme Disease-related Kidney Failure

If your dog gets bit by a tick, they could contract Lyme disease. Sometimes Lyme disease affects the kidneys. When it does, it causes kidney disease in your dog. This can be very hard to treat and usually leaves them with long term damage to their kidneys.

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Causes of Kidney Disease

Many different things can damage your dog’s kidneys.

Ticks with Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is carried by ticks and can cause your dog to have kidney disease.

Ingested toxins

If your dog accidentally ingests some toxin such as antifreeze or tainted food. These could cause your dog to suffer from Acute Kidney damage. This can sometimes be reversible, but sometimes it cannot.

Certain Medications

Particular medication can also cause kidney damage. Over the counter, human pain medication can be hazardous to your dog’s kidneys. Drugs such as Advil, Aleve, and Motrin can cause kidney problems in your dog. Ask your veterinarian for pain medication for your dog. Make sure to follow the dosing instruction from your vet as giving to much of veterinary pain medication can also cause kidney problems. Veterinary NSAIDs are safer than human meds, but there are still risks. Also, Vitamin D can cause kidney damage in dogs.

Before starting your dog on any new medication, it is best to ask your veterinarian and make sure that you are giving them the correct dosage. A small dosage of some medicines could cause irreversible kidney problems in your dog.

Signs Your Dog May Have Kidney Disease

There are many signs and symptoms that your dog has kidney problems. Many of these signs can also be signs of other diseases. If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it is best to consult your veterinarian to help diagnosis what is wrong with your dog.

Increased thirst

Dogs with kidney problems will drink more water. This is a common sign seen in dogs with kidney disease but also diabetes

Increased peeing

Since your dog is drinking more water, they will even be peeing more. This is very common the first thing that dog owners notice.

Weight Loss

As your dog progresses with kidney disease, you will notice that they are losing weight. You may see that they are losing muscle mass around their faces. While weight loss in some dogs is needed. If you are not actively trying to get your pet to lose weight, and they have lost weight, it is best to seek veterinary care.

Bad Breath

Dogs with kidney disease will have bad breath. This could also mean that your dog has dental disease or some other problem in their mouth. Bad breath can be due to numerous diseases.

Lethargy and depression

Dogs with kidney disease will be more lethargic and seem depressed. If your dog has slowed down, it is best to have your veterinarian examine your dog. Sometimes they will slow down due to old age but many times there is an underlying problem.

Ratty coat

Dogs with kidney disease will have a poor hair coat. If you are having a hard time keeping your dog’s hair nice and shiny, they may have kidney disease.

Sore Mouth

Dogs with kidney disease can have sores in their mouths. These are called uremic ulcers. The kidneys are supposed to flush this out of your dog’s system. Since the kidneys are not functioning correctly, the uremia will build up, causing ulcers in their mouth.

What to do for Your Dog

If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it is best to seek veterinary care. Your veterinarian will want to run a complete blood count (CBC), blood chemistry panel, urinalysis and diagnostic imaging such as x rays and ultrasound. These tests will help determine what is causing these signs and the severity of the kidney damage. CBD can also help certain symptoms associated with kidney disease but make sure to check with your veterinarian to make sure it is safe for your dog!

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Hearing that your dog has kidney disease can be frightening at first. Following your veterinarians’ recommendations and providing your pet the diet and supplements, your pet can still live a long healthy and happy life.

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