How CBD Oil For Cats Can Help A Sick Feline
Cats are notorious creatures for being unpredictable. By nature, they’re reclusive, and even with owners, some cats don’t seem very affectionate and clingy compared to dogs. This is why it’s difficult to notice signs of sickness if you don’t look hard enough, and some only detect it in already late stages when they’re already exhibiting severe signs. It’s time to put a stop to that by knowing the signs and treating them asap.
Enter CBD. This line of products has been well-known to treat several pet problems that may arise. With its many helpful properties that help from arthritis pain to cancer, CBD has earned its niche as a household name. A certain study even concluded that pets somehow absorb CBD better than humans and pose no danger in using it. But before we can explore how these products can give positive benefits, let’s tackle what CBD is first.
So, What Is CBD?
CBD is also known as Cannabidiol, one of the many compounds found in the genus Cannabis Sativa. Though this genus has two subspecies, Cannabidiol is extracted from hemp, which unlike its sister species marijuana, contains very low levels of psychoactive-inducing agents. Flora CBD has various properties. This makes hemp a desirable source of cannabidiol for companies and customers alike.
The reason marijuana is having a stigma with being psychoactive is that it has a large amount of THC in its components. THC is tetrahydrocannabinol, also one of the cannabinoids found in Cannabis Sativa directly responsible for getting “stoned”. This in turn has earned marijuana a sentence of being illegal and unregulated, and unauthorized handling can potentially fine you or land you in jail.
Seeing this, companies have avoided it despite having a small margin of allowable THC amount in their products. This is heightened after studies found THC ingestion by animals cause devastating adverse effects. CBD companies make sure their products contain not a percent of the psychoactive-inducing compound because of this. You can check https://www.holistapet.com/products/cbd-products-for-cats/ to know more about this.
What are the adverse effects of ingesting THC? Your pet may exhibit uncoordinated movement, dilated pupils, excessive vomiting and drooling, and in complicated cases seizure. Ultimately, if not detoxified in time, these symptoms may lead to death. What’s worse is that THC takes a long time to be metabolized in the liver, and only 100% removal of THC from their body can stop the intoxication.
Apart from this, you can visit this site to learn more about the different CBD products, i.e. CBD Oil, Hemp Flower, Edibles and Tinctures.
Does Your Feline Have A Cattitude?
This is one of the most common signs a cat may have when something’s wrong. No, it’s not their usual apathy or playfulness, but pure hostility. It can also manifest as jitters sometimes. If your cat has become aggressive all of a sudden, for no apparent reason, it may be because their health, mental or bodily, is not very good.
Cannabidiol has calming effects that may help your cat settle down. It can act as an anxiolytic if the root of your cat’s attitude is mental disarray. It stimulates receptors in the brain to release hormones, and even block some from being secreted to prevent worsening.
If it’s a physical problem, like a wound or joint inflammation, cannabidiol has your back as well. Cannabidiol, with their varying carrier oils, hold antimicrobial properties as well as help with wound recovery. It can also help prevent infection of said wound. It has anti-inflammatory effects to aid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases as well.
Another classic sign of being sick is a diminished appetite for cats. They’re finicky eaters already, so their eating less will probably leave you panicking. This may stem from several conditions. You can try to feel its belly, and if it feels unusually firm, or it recoils from the touch, it may be a positive sign. Whatever it is, a cat losing weight is never a good sign.
Cannabidiol helps in a way that it lessens the inflammation with its anti-inflammatory properties. Just like the way to stimulate the receptors, it will do so again by preventing cytokines from worsening the inflammation, as well as other WBCs, to adhere to the inflaming site. This way, your cat won’t have to be afraid of taking in food. It will also gain all the weight it has lost.
The science of CBD and cannabis for cats and dogs
A growing number of pet owners are using cannabis-derived products with high doses of CBD (cannabidiol) and low or negligible doses of THC to alleviate pain, seizures, and other conditions. But what is known about the science of cannabinoid medicine and pets?
There isn’t a lot of peer-reviewed research, but a recent Cornell University study found extremely promising results.
Unfortunately, not a lot. The question of using medical cannabis to improve the health of a dog or cat is a complicated one, and there isn’t a lot of solid, peer-reviewed research examining its safety or effectiveness. But that’s slowly changing.
In July 2018, the first clinical study examining the effects of hemp-based CBD on arthritic dogs was published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science, a leading international journal. The results were extremely encouraging.
In the study, Dr. Joseph Wakshlag of Cornell University and colleagues measured the effects of a particular hemp-based CBD product—ElleVet Sciences’ proprietary hemp oil blend—on pain and arthritis in a small sample of dogs.
The results were remarkable: More than 80% of dogs in the study saw a significant decrease in pain and improved mobility.
That’s only one study, though, and as promising as it is, nobody should rely on a single study to decide the right path for their dog or cat. It’s important to understand the political, ethical, and scientific implications of using medical cannabis in animals.
Most vets can’t touch CBD
You should know this up front: In many states, a veterinarian is not allowed to prescribe or recommend a cannabis product for your pet, regardless of the vet’s personal or professional opinion. Each state has its own veterinary board, and that board adheres to federal law concerning medical cannabis, so even if a state has legal recreational cannabis laws, your vet still may not be able to advise you.
“Vets have been restricted from getting involved,” said Dr. Gary Richter, a veterinarian based in Oakland, CA, who has advocated to allow the use of medical cannabis. “It was crazy that the 16-year-old kid at PetSmart could give you that advice, but I couldn’t.”
“Almost anything that cannabis would be used for in a human, from a medical standpoint, has the potential to be equally as valuable in dogs or cats,” said Richter. “Pain, inflammation, arthritis, gastro-intestinal related things, stress, anxiety, seizures, cancer, you name it. We’ve seen the benefits in all of these areas.”
Illegal states are tough
It’s even worse in states where cannabis is illegal for any purpose. For instance, contributing her own data to cannabis research has been almost impossible for Dr. Dawn Boothe, an internist and clinical pharmacologist at Auburn University in Alabama, according to an article published in VINNews, the website of the Veterinary Information Network.
“At Auburn University in Alabama, Boothe, the clinical pharmacologist, has had difficulty getting her clinical work off the ground, owing to the legal morass,” wrote reporter Edie Lau. “Alabama is one of 20 states where marijuana remains illegal for any purpose, although the state in 2016 created an industrial hemp research program overseen by its agriculture department.”
Only a handful of published studies on CBD and pets
As difficult as it is to research cannabis, a number of scientists have persevered and published solid peer-reviewed work. Their surprising results have piqued the interest of vets and pet owners alike.
“If my dog ever has chronic arthritis, this would be one of the things I’d definitely use.”
Joseph Wakshlag, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine
In April 2017, American Veterinarian stated, “Concerning to many veterinarians is the lack of peer-reviewed clinical studies proving the efficacy of cannabis products for animals, yet another consequence of marijuana’s status as a controlled substance.”
The angle that has gotten the most vetting is that of marijuana’s toxicity to animals—in other words, dogs or cats accidentally eating their owner’s supply. Indeed, as far back as 2004, a study found that marijuana poisoning was possible in dogs, based on a milligram per kilogram, or weight proportionate, dosage.
That 2004 study found that “From January 1998 to January 2002, 213 incidences were recorded of dogs that developed clinical signs following oral exposure to marijuana, with 99% having neurologic signs, and 30% exhibiting gastrointestinal signs.”
The study in particular gauged what “poisoning” looked like in the animals. Researchers cited gastrointestinal signs as primarily vomiting, and neurological signs as depression, tremors, seizures, disorientation, hyperactivity, or stupor. Prior to that study, there were only a few surveys of cannabis-smoking teenagers who’d exposed their pets to secondhand THC.
Through the 2000s, there were only a few studies done on cannabis and dogs, all mostly corroborating the plant’s mild toxicity. The authors of a 2013 study conducted by a veterinary hospital in Denver observed that “Although the drug has a high margin of safety, deaths have been seen after ingestion of food products containing the more concentrated medical-grade THC butter.”
The right dosage makes all the difference. And it may take some time to find the right amount for your dog. (Julia Sumpter/Leafly)
Dogs absorb CBD differently
The 2018 Cornell study on CBD and arthritis in dogs has given scientists an even deeper understanding of how cannabis works in the body of animals and by extension, humans, especially when it comes to absorption and dosage.
Previous to the Cornell study, cannabis pills were given to dogs on a fasted stomach in a 1988 study. It found that the form of CBD administered was poorly absorbed and did little to help the dog.
Study author Wakshlag said the oil base of the pill in their study accounted for the difference in results, whereas previous studies administered CBD intravenously or as a powder in a gelatin capsule.
What about CBD dosage in pets?
Another big challenge when it comes to cannabis and pets is finding the right dose for each animal. For CBD-only products, like the hemp oil from ElleVet Sciences, if they don’t offer a sufficient amount of CBD or if the CBD isn’t well-absorbed by the animal, you won’t see any change in the pet.
Thus, for Wakshlag, dosage was a prime concern, especially because there is little scientific evidence regarding how to safely and effectively dose a pet orally.
“The dosing [in our study] was basically modeled off of other doses that seem to have worked in a handful of studies in humans—somewhere between 1-5 mg per kg body weight,” said Wakshlag. “We chose 2[mg] because that would be a pharmacologically effective dose, and it wouldn’t be so expensive that it would preclude people from actually using it or buying it.”
THC in pets is trickier
Wakshlag and his colleagues were able to find a good dose of a specific CBD-only product. The stakes change, though, when you add THC into the mix. In fact, many vets and researchers suggest people refrain from giving pets any amount of THC at all.
The THC issue isn’t a settled question.
“THC is actually toxic for dogs. So, of course we wouldn’t want to give dogs THC at all,” said ElleVet’s founder Amanda Howland. For that reason, ElleVet’s products, including the oil used in the Cornell study, are all hemp-based—hemp is defined as cannabis containing less than 0.3% THC content.
The THC issue isn’t a settled question, though. Oakland veterinarian Gary Richter believes in the efficacy of THC as medicine for animals. He’s seen its benefits in his own dog, Leo. Richter also works to educate vets and pet owners about cannabinoid medicine through webinars, lectures, and online continuing education courses.
“The research is very, very clear from the human literature standpoint that there’s medical benefits to THC,” Richter told Leafly during a phone interview. “And while certainly the relative sensitivities are different for people versus animals, we all have a very similar endocannabinoid system. There is no reason to think that THC is beneficial in people when it’s somehow poison to dogs and cats.”
“The thing that troubles me is that you’ve got animals out there that could be benefiting from products with THC in them, and not only are pet owners shying away because of this information but you’ve got veterinarians that are believing this and saying that you should never give an animal something with THC in it,” said Richter.
The right cannabinoid combo
Instead of abstaining from THC altogether, Dr. Richter advises doing research into whether THC might help your pet’s particular ailment—and if so, start with a very small dose.
“The two big players are THC and CBD, but there are so many other compounds within cannabis,” said Richter. “There are other cannabinoids and terpenes and there are things in the product that are going to vastly change its behavior as a medicine. Depending on what’s being treated, the first question is: ‘What is the most ideal combination of these various compounds that will benefit an animal?’”
Overall, Richter says the best way to keep your pet from getting sick from cannabis is to consult with a veterinarian as you dose.
Amazing pet turnarounds with CBD
The results of medical cannabis in dogs and cats with a variety of ailments has been very promising.
“He went from having multiple seizures per week to having one or two per month.”
Gary Richter, Oakland veterinarian
The Cornell study showed that once the right dosage is determined for your pet, CBD can improve arthritis pain. The study involved a small sample size, only 16 dogs, all with a lot of pain from chronic arthritis, and each dog saw significant improvement.
“We had one that the owner was really ready to euthanize the dog and this trial was a last-ditch effort,” said ElleVet founder Howland. “Once she was in the test group, the dog did so well and completely turned around. It’s almost two years later and she’s still alive and doing well.”
“I believe we really scratched the surface in regard to how this could be used from an overall pain perspective,” said Joseph Wakshlag, leader of the Cornell study. “If my dog ever has chronic arthritis, this would be one of the things I’d definitely use.”
Gary Richter’s own dog, Leo, suffers from seizures that are the result of brain damage that occurred during a dog attack. After trying multiple pharmaceutical medications, the Oakland veterinarian put Leo on a cannabis preparation. Richter observed a marked change: “He went from having multiple seizures per week to having one or two per month.”
In addition to the research at CSU and other institutions, there are more and more anecdotal accounts of cannabis-based medicine helping dogs with behavioral and gastrointestinal issues as well.
“It really does have a great anti-anxiety affect,” said ElleVet company founder Howland. “We’ve had a number of vets in Florida try it with some of their patients who really freak out during thunderstorms. We had amazing reports about dogs who’d [previously] hurt themselves or throw themselves through windows during thunderstorms; it’s really calmed them.”
The company has also seen results with irritable bowel syndrome and autoimmune disorders like Crohn’s disease.
What about cats and CBD?
Unfortunately, there isn’t much data when it comes to cannabinoids and cats. ElleVet did find their propriety hemp blend to be helpful to cats, but Howland stressed that cats respond much differently to cannabis than dogs.
Though research for cats still lags behind dogs, leading cannabis researchers have plans to begin studying cats in earnest.
“Cats are absolutely not small dogs and they metabolize things very differently,” said Howland. “Cats can’t take any of the drugs that dogs take for pain. Their livers just don’t tolerate it.”
If a human tries to help an ailing cat by giving it a canine pain reliever, “They can get very sick. There are very few pain options for cats that are safe.”
ElleVet did a long-term safety study to determine if their products are safe for cats and found that for the treatment of anxiety, cats responded better to cannabinoid medicine than dogs. Cats also saw decreases in pain from arthritis and other problems, like dogs. But their hemp oil left a cat’s body after only two hours in cats, meaning they need a much higher dose more frequently than a dog of the same size.
Curious about CBD for your pet? Do your research
Many pet owners are curious about cannabis-based treatments for their ailing companions. The market for CBD products for dogs and cats is booming. But Richter acknowledges that changing the attitude of medical professionals toward the use of medical cannabis with pets is slow, hard work, and will continue to be for the foreseeable future.
“We’ve seen the benefits in all of these products,” said Richter. “The science is here, but as is typical with the medical community, you’re going to have a pretty sizeable group in the medical community that will refuse to accept any of it until it’s documented in research.”
Still, he trusts that the research will continue to show cannabis as a positive medical option for the treatment of dogs and cats. Because of that, Richter and many others who’ve seen the firsthand effects of cannabis medicine in animals, don’t see a point in waiting to start helping pets.
“While I am certainly a person who’s a proponent of the research,” he said, “Just because the research isn’t there doesn’t mean you can or should ignore something that’s completely obvious and right in front of your face.”
CBD Oil for Cats & Dogs
Over the last few years, marijuana has become ubiquitous in a variety of lifestyle sectors. From weed weddings in states where recreational use is approved to beauty products infused with the stuff, it seems only natural that it’s now readily available for our pets. Yep, pet-approved “weed snacks” are totally a thing — and we’re not just talking about good old catnip! Here’s what you need to know before throwing Spot or Sylvester a cannabis-infused treat.
What is CBD Oil?
First, let’s do a little unpacking. The cannabis sativa plant contains both THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). While THC is what’s responsible for the psychoactive “high” that marijuana is known for, CBD does not get you (or your pets) high. Derived from hemp, CBD is often used medicinally to relieve pain, inflammation, anxiety, and other disorders and ailments.
Is CBD Oil Legal?
Though CBD oil is found in hemp, the legal non-psychoactive component of cannabis, it is not 100% legal in all 50 states. The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp products and extracts containing less than 0.3% THC, but all CBD sold in the US is still in violation of the FDA. (One exception is an anti-seizure medication for children called Epidiolex). The act of selling CBD products is also technically in violation of FDA and state law, but only if the state restricts the sale of CBD to licensed dispensaries – this varies by state. However, the FDA does not enforce the laws around CBD unless the CBD product claims to prevent, diagnose or treat a disease or if it is labeled as a dietary supplement.
Is CBD Oil Safe for Pets?
We recommend that you speak to your veterinarian about CBD oil for your pet. CBD that has been tested for purity by third-party verification, and has been shown to be free of pesticides, solvent residues, microbial contamination or heavy metals are generally considered safe by veterinarians. Research has found that CBD has no known toxicity and that you cannot overdose on it. It has been used medicinally for countless years across myriad cultures in humans, and anecdotal findings of usage in pets have been positive. The most common side effects in pets are lethargy/sedation, diarrhea, and an allergic reaction (rare).
How Can CBD Oil Help Pets?
“While there is emerging research on the use of cannabis for dogs, much of what we know today is anecdotal or extrapolated from human medicine,” writes veterinarian Dr. Angie Krause for Boulder Holistic Vet. “Anecdotal evidence is mainly composed of individual reports. For example, a dog or cat might have accidentally ingested some medical marijuana and the guardian noticed a resolution of symptoms. Maybe after consuming the cannabis, the pet was able to jump on the bed again or was more playful.”
For cats, she wrote that CBD oil can be helpful in cats who have irritable bowel disease, pancreatitis, arthritis, cancer, and asthma. It can reduce symptoms — including pain and discomfort — and even lengthen lifespans. Much like in cats, soothing anxiety is one of the best uses of CBD oil for canines, Dr. Krause wrote.
For both dogs and cats, it can also help with situational anxiety, such as loud storms, traveling, separation, moving into a new home, introducing a new pet, or having guests in your home. Lots of pet parents use CBD oil treats for Independence Day or New Year’s Eve, and it can also be used to manage arthritis and control seizures/epilepsy.
As we mentioned above, make sure to do your research before buying CBD oil for your pets. It is also advised that you get input from your vet about how much your pet should take (this website also provides guidance). One way to get the information you need is by contacting the company and asking for the following:
- Proof of third-arty verification of purity
- Proof that the product is free from pesticides, solvent residues, microbial contamination, and heavy metals
- Clear labeling on the packaging of CBD concentration per drop or per cc
Remember that CBD is not a treat, so giving the proper dosage is essential to seeing results. Ask your veterinarian to help you determine the correct dose for your pet. The following brands are a great place to start:
– This company, owned by a veterinarian with extensive knowledge of CBD and its use in dogs and cats sells CBD soft chews. – A company associated with Cornell University of Veterinary Medicine that sells CBD chews and drops for dogs and cats. – Currently engaged in extensive CBD research in companion animals. They may or may not produce products in the future.
Healthy Paws does not cover CBD oil treats or supplements, however, should an accident or illness occur, you’d be covered by the Healthy Paws Pet Insurance plan. If you’re not already part of our pack, start by getting a free quote today.