Is CBD Legal In Maryland?
As one of the leading CBD companies in the Baltimore area, CBD Supply Maryland is often asked whether CBD products are legal in Maryland. In addition to whether they are legal in Maryland, we are also asked whether you need a medical card to purchase CBD products. Let’s dive into this topic a bit so you fully know your rights when it comes to CBD.
WHAT IS CBD?
When we refer to CBD, we are describing Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD, which is one the active ingredients in the medical hemp plant. Further, when we are discussing CBD, we are referring to hemp-rich products that contain only 0.3 percent THC or less.
CBD LAWS IN MARYLAND
Many often confuse marijuana for hemp and think the two plants are regulated the same way. For a good description of the difference between hemp and marijuana you may want to check out our What is Hemp blog post. Essentially, though, the primary difference between hemp and marijuana is that marijuana is high in THC which is the component of the plant that gives you the “high” sensation. While hemp is extremely low in THC, meaning you can’t get “high” from the plant, it is very high in CBD. There are many studies which have shown CBD to have anti-pain, anti-inflammation, and anti-anxiety properties among others.
Hemp-derived CBD is fully legal in Maryland. The use of CBD in any of its forms like oils in Maryland falls under the 2018 Farm Bill which is a federal piece of legislation that fully legalized hemp-rich CBD products. The state of Maryland has passed no additional laws to regulate the usage of CBD. This means that you can buy CBD products over the counter with no additional restrictions like needing a medical card. CBD is treated no different than other products that are wellness supplements in Maryland meaning you can walk into a local brick and mortar location and purchase any CBD product you would like.
WHAT KIND OF CBD PRODUCTS ARE LEGALLY AVAILABLE IN MARYLAND?
If you live in Maryland or are visiting, you can utilize CBD products in many different forms. One of the most popular ways to use CBD is in the oil form in a tincture. CBD can also be used as a topical agent in creams, balms, salves, lotions or rubs. It is also possible to smoke CBD in hemp flower or to vaporize CBD. You may also find CBD in edibles such as CBD gummies or in candies or gum. CBD can also be found in pet products for dogs and cats. Finally, CBD is also available in bath and beauty products such as soaps, bath bombs, shampoo, conditioner, and skin care products. The good news is that all these types of products are legally available in Maryland.
WHAT DO PEOPLE USE LEGAL CBD FOR IN MARYLAND?
The World Health Organization’s Expert Committee on Drug Dependence released a study in 2017 indicating the benefits of CBD in the following medical conditions:
The report said that CBD shows no potential to be abused or cause dependence among users.
WHERE CAN I GET LEGAL CBD IN MARYLAND?
CBD is readily available to purchase in Maryland. There are many brick and mortar locations that sell CBD in both the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. regions of the state and other shops on the Eastern Shore or in western Maryland. In addition to purchasing from a stand-alone business, it is legal to purchase CBD products online in Maryland and have them shipped directly to your door.
DO YOU NEED TO GET A PRESCRIPTION TO MAKE CBD LEGAL IN MARYLAND?
No, it’s not possible to get a prescription for CBD in Maryland, nor do you need one. It is sold completely over the counter so there is no need to receive any sort of prescription or to have a medical card to purchase CBD in Maryland.
LEGAL CBD’S FUTURE
While CBD is readily available to purchase in Maryland, there are still some issues left to be determined by the state. The main issues involving CBD at the state level in Maryland revolve around the ability of farmers and producers to grow and manufacturer CBD products in Maryland. Currently, Maryland is still streamlining the process to register to grow hemp. Once this process is faster and easier for farmers to more readily cultivate hemp in Maryland, the local supply will increase providing more opportunities for producers and farmers alike in the state. However, even with this limitation, Maryland is still a state that is welcoming to those that want to utilize CBD products.
Is CBD Legal in Maryland? – February 2022
Industrial hemp became federally legal in the United States under the 2018 Farm Bill . However, the states have varying laws about the legality of CBD and medical cannabis .
In Maryland , CBD is legal, and customers may purchase CBD products without a prescription.
Although medical marijuana is also legal in the state, the recreational use of marijuana is still banned.
Currently, there are no CBD possession limits in Maryland . There are no limits to how much CBD a person can buy or consume in the state as long as it comes from an industrial hemp plant .
Maryland CBD Laws
2015 Maryland House Bill 803
In 2015, Maryland lawmakers passed House Bill 803 with a provision that defined industrial hemp as plants with less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ) by weight. Meanwhile, the law defined marijuana plants as plants with more than 0.3% THC in dry weight (4) .
With the new definition, hemp products were removed from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s list of controlled substances in Maryland .
2015 MD HB803 also marked the legalization of planting, growing, harvesting, possession, processing, selling, or purchasin g indu strial hemp in the state.
However, an individual or a business must secure certification from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) before cultivating and growing hemp.
Lawmakers introduced the bill in February 2015.
2016 Maryland House Bill 443
Following the passage of 2015 MD HB803, Maryland lawmakers called to allow educational institutions to cultivate hemp plants for academic research purposes. In January 2016, Maryland lawmakers introduced the Maryland House Bill 443 (5) .
The law broadened the legal production and cultivation of hemp plants by legalizing hemp cultivation for research and educational institutions.
The law required researchers to register their agricultural sites with the Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA). The house bill also greenlighted the implementation of MDA-designed regulations to support hemp cultivation for academic research purposes.
2018 Maryland House Bill 698
In 2018, the MDA established the Industrial Hemp Pilot Program under House Bill 698 (6) .
Under the program, hemp grown in Maryland may be sold, distributed, transported, marketed, and processed inside and outside the state.
The bill also authorized the department to certify and register agricultural sites to grow or cultivate industrial hemp under the Industrial Hemp Pilot Program. The law also allowed MDA to charge a fee of up to $250 for the certification.
The law required hemp producers and growers to maintain records of verification from the MDA. The records should also be accessible during inspections.
2014 Maryland Senate Bill 364
The 2014 Maryland Senate Bill 364 was a bipartisan bill aimed to decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana (7) .
Under the bill, using or having less than 10 grams of marijuana is a civil offense, not a criminal offense.
With the new law, individuals on the third offense must appear in court and undergo a specified drug education.
The law also requires a court to refer the accused for assessment for substance abuse disorder. The court must also recommend substance abuse treatment if necessary.
2014 Maryland House Bill 881
In 2014, lawmakers passed the Maryland House Bill , legalizing medical marijuana (8) .
Medical marijuana patients must secure a written certification from a licensed physician to purchase medical cannabis under the bill. Patients must also register with Maryland ’s medical marijuana program.
Patients, children included, must meet their physician’s criteria for treatment before receiving certification and becoming legal patients in Maryland .
The Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission (MMCC) and the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene develop regulations for marijuana access in the state.
Individuals, businesses, and organizations must register their cultivation sites with the MDA before they grow and cultivate hemp in the state. The data indicated below are collected from MDA’s website (9) .
Hemp growers and producers may register industrial hemp growing sites under the Maryland Industrial Hemp Research Pilot Program. The program also supports the research of industrial hemp in the state.
The program facilitates hemp research in any aspect of cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, processing, transporting, selling, or marketing industrial hemp . The program supports industrial hemp research for agricultural, industrial, or commercial purposes.
Under the program, industrial hemp farmers may sell their crops for profit at the end of the growing season. As of 2020, the state does not limit the acres allowed to grow hemp or the pilot program’s number of applications.
The MDA’s role is limited to facilitating industrial hemp research and registering agricultural sites. It is important to note that the department does not have jurisdiction over the processing, sale, or distribution of hemp.
Buying CBD Legally
It is legal to sell and purchase industrial hemp products in Maryland. However, industrial hemp sellers are required to have a certification from the USDA to conduct their business (10) .
Buying medical marijuana also requires a certification from a licensed physician. Medical marijuana patients also have to be registered with Maryland’s medical marijuana program to purchase cannabis legally (11) .
How to Choose Which CBD Products to Buy
In Maryland , most CBD brands sell CBD oils , CBD oral drops, CBD for vaping, CBD creams, and CBD edibles.
When looking for high-quality CBD products , CBD buyers must look for the following:
- Third-party lab -tests to ensure quality and safety
- Detailed product labels
- Certificate of analysis (COA)
- Positive product reviews from other users of the product
Reliable CBD brands also have a certification from the US Hemp Authority or accreditation from the Better Business Bureau (BBB).
The US Hemp Authority awards certification to CBD brands with proper business practices. The BBB accredits businesses and collects consumer reports.
In Maryland, there are three CBD retailers with accreditation from the BBB. As of November 2020, t hese shops have had no record of c ustomer complaints on the BBB website.
Where to Buy CBD Products Legally
CBD Shops in Baltimore
Smoke Shop 1 in Glen Burnie offers various vapes , e-juices, and glass pipes. The brand also provides hemp-derived CBD products , including oils, liquids, creams, pills, and edibles.
Product reviews show that Smoke Shop 1 has knowledgeable staff eager to help customers find the right product. Reviews also show that the brand has something for all CBD users, whether they are a first-time CBD buyer or a longtime CBD user.
CBD Shops in Annapolis
Vape Loft’s family-owned shop in Edgewater offers drippers, rebuildable dripping atomizers (RDAs), vaporizers and vape accessories, mods, and CBD products .
Vape Loft is open seven days a week from Mondays to Saturdays from 11:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., and on Sundays from 12:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
CBD Shops in Rockville
Founded in 2014, Vapor Vapor Vapor in Gaithersburg offers various CBD products and vape products from several brand names, including Aspire, SMOK, and Segelei.
Although a prescription is unnecessary when buying CBD products in Maryland , patients have to follow strict regulations when buying medical cannabis .
To legally obtain medical cannabis in Maryland , an individual must first qualify as a patient in need of cannabis treatment.
It is recommended that customers purchase CBD products from reliable brands only. Below are three CBD shops in the state accredited by the BBB:
- Embrace CBD Wellness Center, Glen Burnie
- Embrace CBD Wellness Center, Ellicott City
- CBD Supply Maryland, Baltimore
Customers may also purchase products from CBD online shops and other retailers .
Any Maryland citizen whose healthcare provider recommends medical cannabis as a treatment option for any of the medical conditions listed below may register with the MMCC as a patient (12) .
- Wasting syndrome
- Severe or chronic pain
- Severe nausea
- Severe or persistent muscle spasms
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Other severe chronic illnesses and for which other treatments have been ineffective
A registered patient must identify two individuals, 21 years old or older, to serve as their caregivers.
Caregivers must register with the MMCC and purchase identification cards from the Commission.
With a valid MMCC Caregiver ID card, caregivers may purchase medical cannabis on behalf of their patients from licensed dispensaries in the state. With the ID, caregivers may also transport medical cannabis to their designated patients.
Meanwhile, minor patients must have one caregiver with them at all times.
Minor patients may have a maximum of four caregivers. Two of them must be parents or guardians. The other two caregivers must be adults over the age of 21 and must be chosen by a parent or guardian.
How to Register as a Patient
In Maryland , the process of registering as a patient in need of medical cannabis treatment may be completed online.
An online application form must be submitted in one session as the online registration system does not allow applicants to save and complete the process later.
To become a medical cannabis patient in Maryland , applicants must provide the following requirements listed below. All requirements must be dated within 90 days before registration.
- An accessible email account
- Last four digits of the patient’s Social Security number
- An electronic copy of a government ID with a photo
- Proof of residency in Maryland
Applicants may use a driver’s license, state-issued photo ID, military ID, or US passport. If the ID does not contain the applicant’s current address, they must provide two documents from the list below. The two documents must not be from the same agency and must be dated within 90 days before registration.
- Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) registration card
- Utility, telephone, or cable television bill
- Bank account statement
- Proof of home ownership or mortgage statement
- Property tax bill
- Credit card bill
- Residential rental contract
- Car insurance policy
- Federal, state, or local government mail from the state of Maryland
Another requirement is an electronic copy of a recent photograph. The photo must be a clear picture of the patient’s unobscured face and must feature a white or off-white background.
The image file must have a file size of less than 3MB and must not be digitally edited to change the patient’s appearance. Applications may be returned if the photo does not meet the stated guidelines.
Patients in hospice care may also apply to Maryland ’s medical marijuana program. They may send a letter from their attending hospice physician instead of a recent photo.
Once the applicant has completed the requirements, they must visit the MMCC Registry website and create an account online.
After completing the application form, a verification email is sent to the applicant’s email account. If the email cannot be verified, the Commission will not review the application .
After the application process, the applicant should receive their username and MMCC Patient ID Number. Applicants may also log into the MMCC Patient Registry to designate their caregivers.
Physicians may need the MMCC patient ID number when they issue a written certification for medical cannabis . Most cannabis dispensaries may also ask for the patient’s MMCC patient ID number when selling medical cannabis .
Patients 18 years old and below must have one caregiver assigned to their accounts at all times. Parents and legal guardians 21 years of age and older are eligible caregivers to minor patients.
Caregivers must first register with the Commission before registering the minor patient, which requires notarized documents.
After receiving certification from an MMCC-registered provider, the patient and the caregiver may visit a licensed dispensary in the state. The patient and their designated caregiver must print a temporary MMCC patient ID card to purchase medical cannabis .
The dispensary agent shall verify the patient’s certification in the Commission’s database through the ID before conducting any transaction.
Patients may only purchase a maximum 30-day supply of medical cannabis at one time.
The certificate becomes null and void if a patient has not used it to buy medical cannabis in the state 120 days after it was issued.
Benefits of CBD
An article published on the website of Concussion Alliance listed the wellness and therapeutic benefits of CBD . Concussion Alliance provides evidence-based information about medical and alternative treatments for concussions.
The article gathered various studies that discovered the health benefits of CBD .
According to a 2012 study, CBD may have neuroprotective properties. The study noted that CBD may reduce the volume of brain damage, the extent of brain damage, and inflammation in the brain (13) .
According to a World Health Organization pre-review about CBD, CBD’s purported analgesic effects may help alleviate treatment-resistant neuropathic pain (14) .
Meanwhile, another study suggested that CBD may help block biological mechanisms that promote pain in headaches, fibromyalgia, muscle spasms, and irritable bowel syndrome (15) .
A study also noted that CBD may have anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) properties that may help r educe anxiety and insomnia secondary to PTSD (16) .
Results showed that CBD’s regular administration for five months may steadily decrease an individual’s score on the sleep scale and the anxiety scale (17) .
Meanwhile, a recent study suggested that CBD may help prevent various movement disorders, including Parkinson’s disease. The study noted that CBD may be useful in alleviating primary and secondary dystonic movements (18) .
Researchers also believe that CBD may help treat mental illnesses. According to a recent study, CBD may play a role in alleviating symptoms of v arious mental illnesses, including schizophrenia and anxiety (19) .
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the several phytocannabinoids present in the cannabis plant . CBD is a cannabinoid that usually comes from the indica strain of the cannabis plant .
CBD is non-psychoactive, unlike THC , which is the main psychoactive component of cannabis .
Most CBD brands offer CBD in the form of tinctures, topicals , gummies , lotions , teas, vape juice, or capsules.
Under federal law and state law , CBD use is legal in the state of Maryland . Medical marijuana is also legal in the state.
Maryland residents may grow or cultivate industrial hemp in the state for research as long as the Maryland Department of Agriculture certifies the agriculture site under its industrial hemp program (20) .
Institutions of higher education and individuals associated with higher education institutions are eligible to apply for agricultural site registration.
A patient and their caregivers must be registered with the MMCC to be eligible for the state’s medical marijuana program. Registration and a medical marijuana ID is required to purchase medical marijuana in dispensaries in the state.
CBD in Maryland: MD State Laws and Where to Buy Legally
CBD Oil Legality in Maryland: Cannabidiol State Law Regulations in MD, USA
Maryland is yet another state within the continental U.S. working to fit the evolving hemp industry into an existing and extensive framework of regulation for the rest of the expansive marijuana and cannabis industry. Having legalized medicinal cannabis way back in 2014, the state has been no stranger to both the benefits and the pitfalls of legalizing certain aspects of marijuana within its borders. But legislators in 2016 worked to legalize the industrial hemp program, allowing the state to step into an increasingly competitive market that persists today.
Unfortunately, a combination of laws within Maryland, as well as laws all over the United States, often make things more confusing than they need to be for the average user of medicinal cannabis. This problem is even more significant for users of CBD. The legal hemp industry is relatively new in the United States; the U.S. Federal Farm Bill in 2014 legalized hemp and its derivatives, but many states have taken hard stances against many forms of CBD.
Hemp consumers in Maryland need to understand that the products are completely legal in the state so long as they adhere to a few key guidelines. If these basic guidelines are met by producers and distributors of non-THC CBD, then the CBD products are completely legal and users generally have nothing to worry about.
Cannabis Laws In Maryland
Maryland’s most important legislative path for the cannabis industry used to be medical marijuana. Through a complicated series of legislation including House Bill 702 in 2003, Senate Bill 208 in 2011, House Bill 180 and Senate Bill 580 in 2013 and House Bill 1101 in 2013. These laws set the groundwork for the full medical legalization of marijuana and cannabis products for select patients, which was ratified by legislators in the Maryland Senate via Senate Bill 923 in 2014.
But following the medical cannabis law’s passage many users of CBD still attempted to get a hold of the substance without the recommendation of a doctor. Consumers should first understand that CBD does not usually contain a significant amount of THC. It cannot product a “high” and will not show up on the average drug test. Because it is so distinct from the typical derivatives of the marijuana plant, legislators in the state began to recognize its legally grey nature and embrace the necessity of hemp-specific legislation.
This legislation came in the form of a revision to the existing Maryland statutory agriculture code, numbers 14-101. This edit happened in 2016 and legally began the state’s pilot industrial hemp program. This would make it legal for companies to cultivate, produce, and distribute hemp and hemp-derived products in the state.
Age Requirements For CBD In Maryland
In Maryland, CBD usage comes in two main types. First, consumers of CBD who have a medical marijuana card might be able to enter a dispensary and purchase CBD with a significant THC content. With this CBD, the THC means that a high is generated, and the substance will be able to be detected on most modern drug tests as a clear derivative of marijuana.
When this is the case, the age requirements associated with purchasing CBD may vary. Generally, dispensaries only want to sell to consumers who are either at least eighteen or twenty-one years of age. But this can vary, especially if the doctor of a minor recommends CBD be used in their serious treatment plan.
For the rest of the population, CBD without THC does not produce a high and cannot be detected on a drug test. So long as the THC is derived from an industrial hemp plant and contains less than 0.6% THC concentration, the age requirement for purchasing it will usually simply be eighteen.
Where To Find Maryland CBD
CBD without significant THC content can be found in a variety of places all over the country. Gas stations, convenience stores, health and wellness shops, head shops, smoke shops, and vape shops should all be valid sources for both smokable and edible non-THC CBD products.
But for consumers looking to purchase marijuana-derived CBD products, the only bet in Maryland is going to be a dispensary.
Buying CBD Online In Maryland
It is legal to buy CBD online and have it shipped to Maryland. The only significant consideration for consumers looking to use the internet within Maryland for their CBD shipment should be the amount of THC contained within their product. If the THC content is higher than .06%, then it is not legal for general use under either the farm bill or Maryland’s pilot industrial hemp program.
Additionally, users of hemp products should conduct their own research into online suppliers and distributors, given the lack of oversight for the online hemp market in 2019.