do you need a prescription for cbd oil

Do You Need a Prescription for CBD Oil in Canada?

As of October 2019, CBD (cannabidiol) oil with a THC level > 3% continues to require a prescription, however laws are subject to change and alternatives continue to be available (details below).

The regulation of cannabis and all its derivatives in Canada continues to be governed by the Cannabis Act which set forth regulations for the production, sale and distribution of cannabis since 2018.

Of particular concern is the legality of CBD oil. Known to be helpful for a variety of ailments, its popularity has increased substantially around the world due to its therapeutic use in a variety of conditions. Some of the well-known positive effects relate to its relaxing effect on the brain which in turn affects the nervous system and eases pain, anxiety and promotes healthy sleep.

Since CBD is one of the chemical substances in the highly regulated/prohibited cannabis plant, there has been a great deal of confusion regarding the legalities and possible prescription requirements for the purchase of CBD oil in Canada.

Under the Cannabis Act, strict regulations on products containing CBD (including CBD oil) continue to be enforced. Sale of these products is legal when they are sold under compliance with the regulations governing possession, production, distribution & sale through licensed producers and distributors.

Each province has its own age limits and licensing agency. The regulatory body in Ontario, for example, is the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario which has been given the right to regulate the sale of marijuana in private stores in this province.

Prior to all this, the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) came into effect in 2016 recognizing the rights of individuals to produce medical cannabis products including oils, tinctures, edibles and plant flowers with a valid authorization (prescription) from their healthcare practitioner.

Cannabis Act Amendment (2019)

The Cannabis Act was recently amended on October 17, 2019, to allow growth in the market that was hindered as a result of heavy legal barriers and government restrictions.

The main changes involve regulatory laws regarding provincial approval of operating licenses for sale of edible and topical products containing cannabis.

The amendment now allows licensed producers to submit edible and topical products to Health Canada which are then subject to a 60-to-90-day approval and procurement process.

Rules Governing CBD Oil & Prescriptions

The current rules governing the requirement of a prescription for CBD oil are as follows:

  • CBD oil with a THC level > 3% is legal with a prescription from a licensed supplier or dispensary
  • CBD oil with a THC level < 0.3% is legal in Canada without a prescription, for personal use only

CBD oil is available for sale in Canada with or without a prescription from either provincially or territorially-authorized cannabis retailers or federally-licensed seller of cannabis for medical purposes.

The Popularity of CBD Oil Continues to Rise

CBD is an extract from the cannabis plant that has been used to support health by supplementing the human endocannabinoid system.

The system contains receptors that produce an effect on the brain when supplemented with CBD compounds, producing a positive effect on the nervous system and overall feeling of wellbeing.

CBD does not produce THC (tetrahyrocannabinol), the primary psychoactive component of cannabis that creates an intoxicated or “high” feeling.

Cannabinoids such as CBD direct certain receptors in the brain to use cannabinoids naturally produced in the body. The net effect of this action is the therapeutic effect commonly associated with the use of CBD oil.

The Benefits of High-Quality CBD Oil

CBD Oil is being used for a variety of health conditions, including:

  • Depression
  • Epilepsy
  • Pain relief
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Anxiety
  • PTSD
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Acne & other skin conditions

How Do You Take CBD Oil?

CBD Oil can be taken through ingestion of edible food products such as baked goods, candies or infused into butter or other oils. Other popular ways include capsules, pills or inhalation through the use of vaporization devices.

A very effective way to take CBD oil is via a tincture commonly administered under the tongue which has been shown to be best for absorption.

CBD Oil & Canadian Law

Despite its many benefits, CBD oil in Canada continues to be a highly-regulated product requiring a prescription when THC levels exceed 3%.

CBD oil legally available with a prescription in Canada is only available through producers licensed by the government under the Cannabis Act.

Issues with CBD Oil Quality in Canada

The quality of CBD oil available by government-licensed producers has come into question with consumer complaints being made about the minimal availability and quality of the product.

The most common issue about the oils produced by licensed distributors concerns the “carrier” oil, which has been suspected to be of low quality and contain significant amounts of pesticides and herbicides.

See also  will cbd oil be good for me

Consumer reviews about the quality of CBD oil have determined that the best quality CBD oil was available from “grey market” retailers that were operating in the dispensary market prior to the Cannabis Act of 2018.

Availability of High-Quality CBD Oil

The current law states that only federally-approved companies may sell CBD oil in Canada which has been found to be of lower quality.

Companies with the capacity to produce high-quality CBD oil and sell through dispensaries are not legally allowed to sell their products in Canada due to restrictions in the current licensing framework.

Plans to include dispensary operations in the current framework are currently underway for inclusion in the regulatory framework. Until that time most Canadians currently opt to purchase high-quality CBD oil with THC from online sources.

Prescribing medicinal cannabis

Any registered medical practitioner in Queensland can prescribe medicinal cannabis for any patient with any condition, if they believe it is clinically appropriate and have obtained the required Commonwealth approval.

Medicinal cannabis products are classified as either Schedule 3, Schedule 4 or Schedule 8 controlled substances, most products are not listed on the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG). In circumstances where patients need access to therapeutic goods that are not included in the ARTG, a Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) approval is required in order for the medicine to be prescribed.

The Commonwealth Department of Health manages and enables access to:

In Queensland, the Medicines and Poisons (Medicines) Regulation 2021 describes the requirements for prescribing and dispensing S4 and S8 medicines.

Queensland doctors can prescribe Schedule 4 – cannabidiol (CBD) and Schedule 8 – tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or tetrahydrocannabinol: cannabidiol (THC:CBD) products without a Queensland approval.

Guidance and regulations

  • Guidance’s for the use of medicinal cannabis in Australia are a suite of national guidance documents that cover a range of medical conditions, symptoms, and products to be used. The individual documents can be viewed on the TGA’s website.
  • The Medicines and Poisons (Medicines) Regulation 2021 outlines specific requirements for dealing with regulated substances, including medicinal cannabis, review the Regulation for more information.
  • The Medicines and Poisons Act 2019 provides for the development of departmental standards which outline the minimum requirements for safe and effective management of regulated substances, including medicinal cannabis, review the standards for more information.

Clinical evidence

When making an application to the TGA, you will need to reference clinical evidence that supports using the specific type of medicinal cannabis product proposed (e.g. THC, CBD, or THC and CBD in combination) for your patient’s medical condition or symptoms.

More research is being done on the uses of medicinal cannabis. The scientific evidence base is limited but suggests that medicinal cannabis may be suitable for:

You may apply for other conditions; however, you will need to supply clinical evidence with your application for this to be considered. There is no evidence that medicinal cannabis is an effective treatment for cancer.

Clinicians should not:

  • consider medicinal cannabis as an alternative treatment for cancer.
  • defer their standard treatment in favour of using medicinal cannabis.

NSW Cannabis Medicines Advisory Service – (for NSW health practitioners only). However, the Service is also available if:

  • You are a medical practitioner in a state or territory outside of NSW but are treating a patient residing in NSW, or
  • You are a NSW medical practitioner treating a patient in cross-border areas of NSW.

Commonwealth Department of Health

The Commonwealth Department of Health regulates medicinal cannabis products through the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) and the Office of Drug Control (ODC).

Generally, medicines imported into, supplied in, and exported from Australia must be entered in the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG), which is administered by the TGA. However, there are mechanisms available for access to medicines that are not registered on the ARTG.

As most medicinal cannabis products are currently unregistered medicines, access to these products is through the Commonwealth Special Access or Authorised Prescriber Schemes or through a Clinical Trial.

Your legal obligations

The prescriber must:

  • adhere to all conditions as detailed in any TGA import licence or permit, if they are the importing party
  • comply with any conditions imposed on a TGA approval relating to the medicinal cannabis product(s) being used, including obtaining informed consent in writing from the patient (or the person with the legal authority to consent to the treatment on behalf of the patient) in relation to the proposed use of the specified medicine
  • comply with the Departmental standard – monitored medicines when prescribing S8 medicinal cannabis products for dispensing or giving a treatment dose
  • comply with the requirement to check QScript prior to prescribing or giving a treatment dose of a monitored medicine, including S8 medicinal cannabis
  • report any adverse events, adverse reactions, serious adverse reactions and unexpected reactions to the TGA.
See also  cbd oil for my vape is turning brown

Find a product

Doctors can apply to prescribe both plant-based products and synthetic products when used for a therapeutic purpose, including:

  • tinctures: plant material infused in oil or alcohol
  • vapour: dried plant material or concentrated cannabis extract is heated in a vaporiser
  • capsules or sprays: generally, oil-based capsules taken orally
  • pharmaceutical products such as nabiximols.

Smoking in general is harmful, smoking of cannabis products is not supported.

Products currently used in Australia:

    provide a list of manufacturers and suppliers for imported and locally produced medicinal cannabis products currently in use in Australia.
  • Nabiximols (Sativex), is listed as an approved medicines on the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods.
    • Sativex is a Schedule 8 medicine and is a plant-derived product. In Queensland medical practitioners can prescribe Sativex without requiring an approval from the state or the TGA.

    How to make an application

    Doctors seeking approval to prescribe medicinal cannabis products that are not registered on the ARTG to a Queensland patient will do so via the TGA’s Online System.

    Doctors who have already registered can login to the TGA’s Online System

    There is no requirement for a Queensland approval to prescribe S8 or S4 medicinal cannabis.

    Do You Need a Prescription for CBD Oil in Canada?

    Did you know that, in October 2019, CBD oil used in medical cannabis sessions by Canadian consumers was used 9% of the time? This quite a big change, up from 4% just over a year earlier.

    If you’re thinking of using CBD, you might be asking yourself: “Do you need a prescription for CBD oil in Canada?”

    You might also be wondering about what CBD is. CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the many cannabinoid chemicals found in the marijuana plant.

    Unlike THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, CBD doesn’t alter your state of mind. However, you get many of the benefits of using marijuana when you take CBD in Canada.

    This is why so many people choose to use this oil derived from the plant.

    In terms of how much you should expect to pay for CBD oil in Canada, this can vary depending on what province you’re in. In Ontario, a bottle of soft gels might cost $76.10, while in Newfoundland and Labrador, it might cost $29.99.

    A gram of CBD oil would cost between $3 and $15, so a kilogram would cost between $3,000 and $15,000.

    How to Get a Prescription for CBD Oil in Canada

    If the THC level of the CBD oil in Canada is 3% or more, then you need a CBD prescription in Canada. However, you can’t go to your doctor for a prescription.

    To get a prescription for CBD that has a higher THC level, you need to get it from a licensed dispensary or supplier.

    However, if you want to get CBD without a CBD prescription, you can buy CBD that has less than 3% of THC in it.

    Some doctors are more friendly when it comes to the use of CBD in Canada. If you find a canna-conscious doctor, they are more likely to recommend to their patients that they buy CBD oil.

    Additionally, some psychiatrists will also suggest to their clients that they get CBD oil in Canada. This is because CBD can help treat issues such as insomnia and anxiety.

    Is CBD Approved by Health Canada?

    It is! In fact, it’s regulated through Health Canada. There was an amendment made to the Cannabis Act in 2019 that made it possible for the CBD oil market to grow.

    This was in response to there being too many laws and regulations that negatively impacted the market.

    If there’s a licensed producer that has produced CBD oil in Canada, they can submit their topical and edible products that contain cannabis to Health Canada.

    After this occurs, there is an approval and procurement process that takes between 60 and 90 days.

    Once these products have gone through the process, you should be able to buy CBD (as well as medical marijuana) in Canada.

    When it comes to selling, growing, importing, and exploring laws around CBD, there is a requirement for a permit provided by Health Canada.

    Generally speaking, imported CBD is only permitted for starting materials and exported CBD for medical reasons.

    Growing for personal is permitted, but the issue with this is that you would have to procure the CBD from the grey market.

    What Are the Benefits of CBD Oil?

    So who needs CBD oil? Many people do. This is because it has countless beneficial health effects, from lessening anxiety to alleviating joint pain for those with arthritis.

    That said, people who especially benefit are people with chronic and terminal illnesses, seniors, people who suffer from constant pain, and people of all ages who need to get a handle on anxiety or insomnia.

    Because you can’t overdose when you take CBD in Canada, it’s safe to take it every day.

    How Long Does it Take CBD Oil to Work for Joint Pain?

    When you apply CBD to your joints, it depends on the dosage. However, if you want it to be most effective, then you need to apply it daily. Otherwise, you won’t be able to treat the pain regularly.

    Is CBD Good for Arthritis?

    Because CBD oil in Canada has pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects, it can be used for pain caused by arthritis. Even though this hasn’t been demonstrated in labs, many people have anecdotally claimed that it works for treating their arthritis.

    Does CBD Oil Help Anxiety?

    Another reason you might want to use CBD in Canada is for your anxiety. If you suffer from anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or social anxiety disorder (SAD), you can benefit from taking CBD.

    Can I Rub CBD Oil On My Skin for Pain?

    If you want to buy CBD oil to alleviate your pain after exercise or because you’re sore from sitting at your office desk all day, the good news is that you can rub CBD oil on your skin to alleviate the pain.

    Is It Good for Sleep?

    In addition to helping you treat anxiety, having a CBD prescription can help you treat insomnia that’s caused by anxiety. Because CBD also treats pain, if pain makes it difficult for you to sleep, you can start sleeping better once you take CBD.

    Is It Safe for Seniors?

    Because of CBD’s many benefits when it comes to pain relief and sleep, many seniors can attest to it’s benefits. It can also help with dementia and the side effects of chemotherapy. Generally, it’s safe, but it’s a good idea to speak with your doctor about the safe use of CBD.

    Where to Find Quality, Lab-Tested, and Medicinal Grade CBD Oil in Canada

    In Canada, you can buy CBD oil legally through a licensed dispensary or supplier. These licensed companies will have had their products approved by Health Canada. If you want to buy a product with higher THC content, you have to go this route.

    When it comes to how to get CBD oil in Canada that has THC that is lower than 3%, you can buy it without a prescription for personal use.

    To know if CBD is good quality, you should buy products that are approved by Health Canada.

    It is legal to buy CBD products online, but this needs to be done through a Canadian CBD marketplace. This is a legally permitted way to buy CBD oil online.

    What To Look for in a Dispensary?

    When you’re choosing the right dispensary from which to buy CBD in Canada, you need to look out for the right features. First of all, when you go into the dispensary to buy CBD oil, you need to make sure that it’s clean. If it isn’t this is a red flag.

    You could end up buying CBD that’s fake—or worse, toxic—if you’re buying from a dispensary that isn’t clean.

    It’s also smart to speak with the staff, asking them questions about their CBD products and the use of CBD for medical purposes. This way, you’ll know that they’re informed experts who will sell you the best products and help you take it correctly. You should also take a look at reviews of the dispensary. If other customers have been happy, you probably will be, too.

    Is CBD Oil Covered By Insurance in Canada?

    OHIP and other provincial health care plans do not cover CBD oil. However, if you have authorization for medical cannabis and are buying CBD as a medical cannabis user, you can claim your expense back through the Medical Expense Tax Credit.

    There are major private plans that cover CBD oil. These include Sun Life, Manulife and many others. You also may be able to get your CBD expenses covered by the group health insurance plan offered by your employer.

    The Verdict

    If you’re asking yourself the question, “Do you need a prescription for CBD oil in Canada?” the answer is that you sometimes do, depending on the THC content.

    Are you interested in finding out more about the different insurers who offer coverage for CBD? If so, we can help you. At Insurdinary, we’re experts when it comes to insurance.

    See also  best cbd oil for dog anxiety