Marijuana Buds And Seeds

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Keen to know more about cannabis bud structure? Our guide explains the detail and botany that make up our beloved cannabis buds. Discover the complete plant life cycle of the cannabis plant to further your knowledge of marijuana trimming and production. Big Bud marijuana seeds, Marijuana-seeds.nl offers only the most popular marijuana seeds at the best prices. Fast Delivery!

Breaking down the cannabis bud structure

The cannabis plant remains one of our most treasured crops. How many other crops reward their grower so richly? How many plants deliver such joy and satisfaction? From the iconic leaf shape to the glittering, sticky and aromatic buds, cannabis draws our gaze like no other. The more knowledge/understanding the grower has about their cannabis plant, the better their ability to optimise the growth. Read our detailed guide to learn more and improve your own skills.

Summary:
How are cannabis buds made?
The different parts of a cannabis bud
Female vs male cannabis buds
Sativa vs indica cannabis buds
Cannabis buds colours meaning
Growing the best cannabis buds

How are cannabis buds made?

For most cannabis growers the buds, and the terpenes/cannabinoids produced by them, are the most important part of the cannabis plant. Optimise the nutrients, lighting and environment and the buds will swell and merge forming thick, long blooms.

Start with the best cannabis seeds and you can expect proven genetics that will deliver heavy crops of Grade-A cannabis buds. In nature, the cannabis buds act as the host for the cannabis seeds which form after pollination. In practise most cannabis growers work hard to ensure that no pollination occurs, this allows the plant to focus her biochemical pathways to produce extra cannabinoids/terpenes rather than use the energy to produce seeds.

Ever since feminised cannabis seeds were first created by Dutch Passion in the 1990’s the overwhelming majority of growers switched to the use of feminised seeds. These give rise to 95%+ mature female cannabis plants.

The different parts of a cannabis bud

Within the cannabis bud structure there are several different plant parts, all of which play a key role. Knowing a little more about the form and function of the female cannabis plant can help the grower understand more about the growth. The most knowledgeable cannabis growers tend to be the ones that produce the best quality harvests. Cannabis bud structure isn’t too difficult to understand and shows many similarities with other plant species.

Calyx (or bract)

A long cannabis bloom is composed of many closely packed cannabis buds. Cannabis buds are made from numerous calyxes. These are small tear-drop shaped structures that would normally encase the cannabis seed, if pollination were to occur. The calyxes are positioned between the stem and branches, they first appear as pre-flowers. Once bloom has begun the calyxes multiply, usually coated in sticky resin. For many cannabis growers, the favourite part of the cannabis bud structure are the sticky, potent calyxes!

Pistils and stigmas

Pistils provide part of the sexual function in cannabis. They have a single ovule that gives rise to two stigmas. The stigmas are the familiar hairs that emerge from the calyx. Initially they are white. As harvest approaches the stigmas often take on a more orange hue (occasionally red, pink or other colours are possible).

If the stigmas turn orange/brown quicker than expected it could be a sign that pollination has occurred. That may happen due to a deliberate pollination, or an accidental pollination if e.g. a hermaphrodite cannabis plant is present in the grow room.

Colas

A cannabis cola is the name often given to a long, fat bloom. Good quality sativa cannabis seeds are known for producing long buds. The cola is formed when a healthy cannabis plant forms numerous buds which grow closely together. In the best cases, a cola can be as long as your arm and just as wide!

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Sugar Leaves

Sugar leaves are the small resin-soaked leaves that can be found in and around the blooms. Found within the cannabis bud structure, sugar leaves are often removed during the trimming process. However, due to the dense trichome coverage the sugar leaves are rarely thrown away. Instead many growers will use them to create cannabis concentrates and cannabis extracts, such as hash, cannabis oil, shatter etc.

When the sugar leaves are particularly small the grower often simply leaves them in the buds. Removing them can be fiddly, and possibly unnecessary since they are loaded with generous resin levels.

Related:
How to harvest, dry and cure cannabis

Trichomes

One of the favourite parts of the cannabis bud structure, trichomes are the mushroom-shaped microscopic resin glands which store terpenes and cannabinoids. They are thought to be partly designed to deter insect infestation. The sticky layer traps pests and is thought to be toxic to many.

Recent research also suggests that the chemicals in the trichomes can protect the plant from UV light damage. But to the connoisseur cannabis seed grower, the presence of a thick & pungent trichome layer is a guarantee of quality, potency and satisfaction!

Related:
Cannabis trichomes – everything you need to know

The cannabis stem forms the backbone of the plant from which the branches and blooms will emerge. However, the stem (as well as the branches) can be manipulated, bent, cut etc to allow heavier harvests.

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Female vs male cannabis buds

Most cannabis growers are familiar with the shape/smell of female cannabis buds. Ever since the arrival of feminised cannabis seeds, male cannabis plants have been in short supply and tend to be quickly disposed of. Male cannabis ‘buds’ look more like small balls, or miniature ‘grapes’ that contain pollen. Once the pollen sacs have ruptured, the pollen is spread where it hopes to land on a stigma and create the process of cannabis seed production.

Most growers, with the exception of those making their own cannabis seeds, seek to avoid male cannabis flower at all costs. This is to prevent their harvest of cannabis buds being reduced to seed.

Related:
Autoflower vs feminised cannabis seeds explained

Sativa vs indica cannabis buds

Sativa cannabis genetics tended to evolve in tropical, moist and warm conditions. As a result of this, and to minimise chances of mold/bud rot, sativa cannabis strains tend to have a slightly more open and airy cannabis bud structure. This allows the sativa buds slightly more latitude/air flow before they suffer the dreaded botrytis mold infection.

Indica cannabis buds often evolved in slightly less humid conditions, often in cooler more mountainous and less tropical environments. That’s why the cannabis bud structure for indicas is slightly denser and more compact than that of sativa strains. The threat of mold is often much less in a typical indica habitat compared to a tropical sativa habitat – that is reflected in the way the cannabis bud structure evolved.

Related:
Indica vs Sativa: Origins, Uses and Effects

Cannabis buds colours meaning

When growing cannabis seeds (either feminised seeds or autoflower seeds) the results you achieve will depend very much on the environmental conditions used during cultivation. A pro-grower with LED grow lights and an optimised environment may get significantly superior harvests (and greater THC levels) compared to a less experienced grower with limited cultivation skills. Even when using the same cannabis genetics.

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Different environmental conditions and temperatures can influence cellular biochemistry. One side effect with cooler conditions can be more autumnal hues to the bud colours. But certain cannabis strains, for example Auto Blackberry Kush, can also produce striking bud blue/purple bud colours simply due to the genetics. Different colours in the cannabis buds can be due to genetic factors, environmental factors…or both.

Related:
What do different weed colours indicate?

Growing the best cannabis buds

To get the best quality cannabis buds you need to combine the best cannabis genetics with a good grow environment. Even the world’s best cannabis grower can’t accomplish much with low quality cannabis seeds, buy the finest you can from a supplier with a solid reputation and perhaps a cannabis cup or two.

Do your utmost to optimise grow room conditions and the genetics should do the rest. These days LED grow lights are widely regarded as the best quality light source, they produce the highest THC levels and terpene content and are highly recommended.

From Seed to Bud: The Plant Life Cycle of Cannabis

The popularity of marijuana plants is rife at different angles. However, it is the simple life cycle that makes the herb unique. From a seed into a mature bud, the cycle is one of the easiest to master. Below is a breakdown of how the plant grows until it reaches maturity.

Seed Germination

The life of a cannabis plant starts immediately when the seed is sown into the ground. The rate of germination of the seed depends on the conditions it is exposed to. First, if the seed is watered regularly, it germinates at a fast pace. Colour and texture determine the quality of the seed, and to a great extent, the time it takes to germinate.

A healthy seed should be dry and hard. It should also have a dark-brown color. It is advisable to avoid sowing seeds that are white or green since the probability of germinating is negligible. High-quality cannabis seeds take between five to ten days to sprout.

The Seedling Stage

The seedling stage in cannabis takes place immediately after the seeds germinate. A standard cannabis seedling should have leaves containing a single-ridged blade. During the growth stage, the cannabis plant should be green.

During the seedling stage, it is advisable to reduce the rate of watering to protect their delicate stems. Besides, the risk of the plant developing mold and getting diseases is also higher during the seedling stage.

The seedling should be watered after two days. Overwatering the seedlings is a common mistake many growers make, which might affect the time taken for the cannabis to grow and develop. Also, the seedling should be kept in an area with free circulation of air and sunlight. This allows the chlorophyll to form and crucial cannabinoids to accumulate in the leaves.

If the right conditions are adhered to, the seedling stage should take between two and three weeks. Most importantly, the seedling stage should also be exposed to a source of light for at least 18 hours a day. Sunlight is the most common source of light used by cannabis seedlings. However, the sophistication in technology has led to the improvisation of LED lights, which provide the same light properties as the sunlight.

Vegetative Stage

The vegetative stage is considered the time when the marijuana plant starts to mature. During the phase, the leaves become full, and the stems sturdier. The rate of growth also hastens, giving the plant a bushy appearance.

During the vegetative stage, it is advisable to transfer the plant to a place where it will attain the full size. In addition, the watering style should be changed. In this case, the water should be poured further from the stalk to protect the roots from being exposed. The stage takes approximately three to sixteen weeks and requires about 18 hours of light.

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Flowering Stage

During the flowering stage, buds start to form on the cannabis plant. It is also during this stage that the sex of the plant begins to manifest. Once the male parts have been identified, they can be separated to prevent them from germinating the female ones.

The formation of buds is more prevalent in week 6 and 7 in the cycle. It is also advisable to avoid pruning leaves and branches two weeks before the marijuana starts to produce flower buds.

During this phase, the plant should be watered less, and the plant exposed less to light. The plant should receive less than 12 hours of sunlight in a day. Less exposure to light allows the cannabinoid levels in the plant to increase. The rate of watering during this stage should be lower.

Harvesting

Once the buds have matured, harvesting can take place. It involves plucking the branches from the plant and hanging them to allow excess moisture to evaporate. It is also during harvesting that bud trimming takes place. This consists of removing fan leaves from the buds together with sugar leaves. However, the removal of sugar leaves from the buds is less common since they contain a high amount of THC. Once the marijuana trimming has taken place, the seeds can be prepared for planting again.

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Big Bud Cannabis Seeds

Winner of the second ever High Times Cannabis Cup, Big Bud was nearly lost forever during the United States ‘War on Drugs’, only saved after it was exported to Dutch growers in the 1980s. Thanks to the dedication of those few cannabis lovers, growers and smokers continue to enjoy the distinct nature of this incredible strain to this day.

https://www.marijuana-seeds.nl/big-bud-seeds?___store=default 6590 Big Bud https://www.marijuana-seeds.nl/media/catalog/product/b/i/big_bud_1.jpg 30 30 GBP InStock /Regular Marijuana Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/View All /Marijuana Seeds /Top Strains/Top Rated High Yield Marijuana Seeds /Cannabis Cultivation Types /Effects /Strain Types/Big Bud Cannabis Strains /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Outdoor Feminized Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Indoor Feminized Marijuana Seeds /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Top 20 Best Selling Feminized Seeds /Regular Marijuana Seeds/Outdoor Marijuana Seeds /Strain Types/Cup Winner Cannabis Strains /Strain Types/High Yield Cannabis Strains /Medical /Feminized Marijuana Seeds/Indica /Strain Types/Indica Cannabis Strains /Top Strains /Wholesale Winner of the second ever High Times Cannabis Cup, Big Bud was nearly lost forever during the United States ‘War on Drugs’, only saved after it was exported to Dutch growers in the 1980s. Thanks to the dedication of those few cannabis lovers, growers and smokers continue to enjoy the distinct nature of this incredible strain to this day. GBP 0 0 https://www.marijuana-seeds.nl/media/catalog/product/b/i/big-bud.png https://www.marijuana-seeds.nl/media/catalog/product/BIG_BUD_BUD_SHOT.jpg thc:16%-19% yield:500-600gr/m² flowering_time:8-10 Weeks thc:16%-19% 6591 Big Bud – Regular 2.5 2.5 https://www.marijuana-seeds.nl/media/catalog/product/b/i/big_bud_1.jpg InStock Regular 6592 Big Bud Female 6.9 6.9 https://www.marijuana-seeds.nl/media/catalog/product/b/i/big_bud_1.jpg InStock Female 8-10 Weeks 16%-19% 500-600gr/m² Yes

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