CBD Tincture (Oil) – For Horses (750mg)
Our CBD Oil for horses can be utilized for pre-competition or daily use based on your equine partners lifestyle. Just a quick serving in the bottom lip, will have your horse feeling their best!
Our broad-spectrum CBD oil for horses are made from the highest quality, organically grown, broad-spectrum hemp extract with naturally occurring CBD and are diluted with hemp seed oil. Our CBD oil for horses has CBD extracted from U.S. grown hemp and use third party labs to test for consistency and content.
Our tinctures contain no detectable amounts of THC.
Directions for Use:
1 dropper is equal to approximately 25 mg CBD
The suggested servings for horses is 2-4 full droppers per day. Note, our tinctures absorb sublingually so they needs to be given under the tongue, or in the horse’s bottom lip to absorb into the bloodstream properly.
Horse Maintenance Dose: 1 – 4 full droppers daily as needed.
Horse Pre-Race Dose: 1-4 full droppers 1-2 hours prior to competition.
Recommended for Support:
Active Ingredients Per Serving (1 dropper):
Broad-Spectrum Hemp Extract (with naturally occurring CBD)………..25mg
Inactive Ingredients: (Peppermint)
Hemp seed oil, Peppermint Oil, Stevia
Inactive Ingredients: (Natural)
Servings Per Container: 30
Each animal reacts differently; we suggest starting below the recommended dosage and increasing until you see the desired results.
Keep at room temperature to preserve freshness. Store away from humidity, heat, and light. Do not refrigerate.
*Not all associations permit the use of CBD in horses for show. Please consult with your individual association before using this product.
Navigating the Sea of CBD and Its Use In Horses
Learn what we know about CBD’s efficacy and potential use in horses.
What we know about CBD’s efficacy and potential use in horses
Perhaps the most important fact I can relay about CBD, or cannabidiol, to horse owners is that only one report on its effects in horses has been published. Ever.
Erin Contino, MS, DVM, Dipl. ACVSMR, and Katherine Ellis, DVM, MS, both of Colorado State University’s (CSU) Orthopaedic Research Center, in Fort Collins, co-authored that case report involving a single horse. They used CBD to help the owner treat cutaneous (skin) hypersensitivity and mechanical allodynia (a painful sensation caused by an apparently innocuous stimuli, like light touch) in the 4-year-old Quarter Horse mare.
In this case the owner and veterinarians didn’t know the inciting cause, but they thought it was an insect sting that resulted in a persistent, severe hypersensitivity.
“This mare had a four- to five-month history of sensitivity to touch near the withers and shoulder region,” says Contino. “She would violently twitch and sometimes even strike and kick out during grooming of that area . She had a few episodes of unprovoked frantic bucking on the longe when tacked up and could not tolerate wearing a blanket. It was getting to the point that the mare’s owner was concerned about her becoming dangerous even in her stall.”
Over several months they treated the mare with a gamut of medications: anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamin E, magnesium, the nerve pain medication gabapentin, and aquapuncture with vitamin B12.
“With no improvement, the owner was growing increasingly concerned and frustrated,” Contino says. “Additional diagnostics and treatment avenues were broached, but the owner, based on her own personal experiences with the product, ultimately elected to try CBD.” The owner sourced pure crystalline powder CBD via a noncommercial avenue. The mare received 250 milligrams by mouth twice daily to start, a dose Contino selected after consulting with colleague Chelsea Luedke, MS, DVM, cVMA, of nearby Heritage Equine Clinic, who had used CBD in several of her own clinical cases for a variety of painful conditions.
Within 36 hours of beginning treatment, says Contino, the mare exhibited a surprising and impressive improvement in her clinical condition. “She would permit light and firm touch over her neck, withers, and shoulder and before long could be longed and tacked without exhibiting any adverse behaviors,” she says.
After 60 days Contino slowly tapered the dose to a maintenance amount of 150 milligrams by mouth once daily.
While this positive outcome might make horse owners want to run out and buy CBD, which is widely available and easy to get, it would first be prudent to learn more about this hemp plant derivative .
Cannabidiol is one of more than 100 cannabinoids that can be isolated from the Cannabis sativa plant. Cannabinoids, including CBD, are plant- derived compounds called phytochemicals that give plants their vibrant colors and smells and help protect against insects and the sun’s UV rays. Phytochemicals purportedly provide beneficial health benefits to animals consuming them. Common examples of phytochemicals include anthocyanins found in berries and red wine that might be associated with lower blood pressure and resveratrol found in red wine, grapeseed extract, and dark chocolate that functions as an antioxidant—a compound that squelches cell-damaging molecules called free radicals in our bodies.
While C. sativa is the only species of cannabis plant, different varieties of C. sativa produce different cannabinoids. Both hemp and nonhemp varieties contain CBD; however, some nonhemp varieties also contain up to 30% THC—a potent psychoactive cannabinoid (the main one found in marijuana). Hemp contains little to no THC and is largely cultivated for its fiber, seeds, and CBD-laden oil.
Manufacturers can cold-press and sell CBD oil as-is or isolate the CBD component to produce a variety of consumer ready equine products, such as tinctures, balms, pellets, and powders.
CBD in Action
The biological benefits of CBD oil have been explored in a variety of settings since approximately 4000 B.C. Despite this lengthy history, the Food and Drug Administration didn’t approve the first CBD product until June 2018. Epidiolex, the only FDA-approved CBD product, is indicated for controlling seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes in children. Epidiolex contains 100 milligrams of CBD/milliliter and is administered at a dose rate of 5 milligrams/kilogram per day. In some patients doctors slowly increase the dose to a maximum of 20 milligrams/kilogram per day.
Though not FDA-approved for any purpose besides treating human patients with two types of seizure activity refractory to other drugs, CBD has been explored for other applications, including:
- Other seizure disorders, such as epilepsy;
- As a calming/anxiolytic agent, antidepressant, and antipsychotic;
- Analgesia (pain relief in cancer patients, for example);
- As an anti-inflammatory agent for arthritis;
- Cardiovascular disease;
- Multiple sclerosis; and
- Huntington’s disease, to name a few.
In fact, a Google search can make it appear that CBD can cure pretty much whatever ails you. This is not the case, however, and we can’t assume the available evidence surrounding CBD safety and efficacy in humans translates to horses.
CBD in Veterinary Medicine
Studies in horses, dogs, mice, and other animal species are sparse, making clear recommendations regarding dosing, safety, and efficacy in animals impossible at this time. Some researchers, however, devote much time and energy to this field due to the number of conditions resistant to currently approved pharmaceutical options. Veterinarians struggle to fully control osteoarthritis (OA, joint tissue degeneration) pain, for example, using steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), weight management, and oral joint health supplements. Therefore, supplemental or alternative therapeutic options would benefit the industry immensely.
Given the large number of dogs with OA, CBD research in veterinary medicine and companion animals largely focuses on canine arthritis. In 2018 Cornell University researchers published one of the most widely referenced studies to date. They administered 2 milligrams/kilogram oral CBD oil twice daily in dogs diagnosed with OA based on radiographs. Treated patients appeared to be more comfortable and active in this blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Further, the researchers noted no side effects in dogs treated at this dose for one month.
Researchers at Oklahoma State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine recently evaluated the analgesic (pain-killing) properties of a commercial CBD pellet in chronically lame horses. They compared objective lameness data of horses treated with CBD, the NSAID phenylbutazone (Bute), or a placebo control. Their results will become available pending acceptance and publication in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.
Cannabidiol’s anti-anxiety and calming effects have also piqued horse owners’ interest; however, no data on this application exist. Kimberly Guay, PhD, PAS, an associate professor in Animal Sciences and Veterinary Technology at Tarleton State University, in Stephenville, Texas, hopes to study the use of CBD in horses suffering from stress or anxiety. In particular, she would like to determine if CBD can support horses while they acclimate to novel situations or training sessions. Guay suggests that CBD could prove itself a beneficial training tool to minimize horses’ unpredictable reactivity by mediating stress.
Mechanism of Action
A major concern veterinarians have about unguided CBD administration is that scientists don’t really understand how it works. Take, for example, the prescribing information for Epidiolex, which states, “The precise mechanisms by which Epidiolex exerts its anticonvulsant effect in humans are unknown. Cannabidiol does not appear to exert its anticonvulsant effects through interaction with cannabinoid receptors.”
Now, let’s back up a minute—yes, our bodies have components designated for metabolizing and even making cannabinoids. Combined, they make up an endocannabinoid system that includes:
- Endogenous (naturally produced by an animal’s body) cannabinoids;
- Cannabinoid receptors; and
- The enzymes that synthesize and degrade the endogenous cannabinoids.
The main cannabinoid receptor, CB-1, exists throughout the central nervous system. Many pro-CBD publications and manufacturers theorize that exogenous (supplemental) cannabinoids—such as THC and CBD—bind to and activate CB-1 receptors. When cannabinoids bind to CB-1 receptors, they might have positive effects such as calming and pain relief. Research conducted during the development of Epidiolex says otherwise, leaving a massive void in our understanding of how CBD or other cannabinoids used as nutritional supplements function.
Read the American Veterinary Medical Association’s stance on CBD at avma.org/cannabis-use-and-pets, and learn more from the FDA at tinyurl.com/y3l8ygjy.
If you elect to try CBD for your horse, choose your product wisely using the ACCLAIM and SMART supplementation strategies described here.
Barriers to Overcome in Horses
Again, only one published study about CBD use in one horse exists. Despite research showing its positive effects in dogs, we must not forget that horses are not large dogs. The pharmacodynamics (how a drug affects the body) of CBD reported in canine studies could differ substantially from the pharmacodynamics of CBD in horses. This means the way CBD gets absorbed, distributed throughout the body, broken down, and excreted could vary markedly between species.
“I don’t think it is appropriate to extrapolate safety and dosing information from other species,” says Contino. “In the published case study referenced earlier, the mare was receiving 1 milligram/kilogram, which is substantially lower than the majority of studies in other species.”
Although Epidiolex is labeled at 5 milligram/kilogram per day with a maximal dose of 20 milligram/kilogram per day for humans, Contino suspects horses have a lower therapeutic threshold. Further, higher dosing might be cost-prohibitive.
“Based on my research, the cost for crystalline CBD is $0.02-0.05/milligram, and oil is $0.09-0.17/milligram,” she says. “At 1 milligram/kilogram/day, for your average 500-kilogram (1,100-pound) horse, that would be anywhere from $10 to $85 per day. In other species studies often investigate efficacy at 5 milligram/kilogram/day—five times the dose and cost.”
Why can’t we get the data we need? Research requires funding that can be hard to come by. Contino says research efforts might have inadvertently slowed because several equestrian sport governing bodies banned the use of CBD in competition.
“When the CBD market exploded with the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill that legalized the cultivation of hemp, there was a plethora of companies that expressed interest in performing research on CBD in horses,” Contino says. “But when CBD was banned by both the USEF and FEI, there was a seemingly immediate drop-off in the number of companies inquiring about performing research.”
Also, without pharmacodynamic data, we don’t have withdrawal times for CBD in horses. This means owners using CBD during training wouldn’t know when to stop administering the product so it clears the system prior to competition.
CBD on the Lam
Excited to try CBD? Great! But bear in mind that it is illegal for your veterinarian to recommend, administer, or prescribe CBD to your horse, though owners can legally administer CBD to their horses.
Additionally, the CBD supplement manufacturer cannot claim on the label that the product diagnoses, cures, mitigates, treats, or prevents disease.
Some manufacturers ignore this labeling rule and do make illegal drug claims. The FDA, however, has limited resources and simply cannot enforce all its laws.
“The law always trails innovation,” says Charlotte Lacroix, DVM, JD, of Veterinary Business Advisors Inc., in Whitehouse Station, New Jersey. “Because horses, people, and other animals aren’t immediately dying after using CBD products, then this part of the industry is just not drawing a lot of attention in terms of a major safety issue.”
Lacroix describes the three main legal issues surrounding CBD:
- Horse owners are using CBD to “treat” pain, anxiety, and other medical conditions. The FDA mandates that only manufacturers of an FDA-approved drug can include label claims to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent disease.
- CBD (Epidiolex) is an FDA-approved drug, so companies can’t claim it’s a nutritional supplement when it’s already proven to have a therapeutic purpose.
- While manufacturers often market CBD as a nutritional supplement, CBD itself does not naturally occur in the body and, therefore, is not supplementing endogenous levels. Compare it to other nutritional supplements, such as glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, that do occur naturally in the body. For animals, products are either drugs or foods, and CBD is not food.
Contino believes CBD has potential in the equine industry—more than just as a last-ditch effort once all other treatments have failed. “Our lack of data does not negate the potential of CBD as a therapeutic medication and/or the importance of research into its efficacy and safety,” she says. In fact, she and her colleagues from CSU are in the process of starting a pharmacodynamic, elimination, and safety study on CBD in horses.
“We are hopeful we will have answers to a lot of these questions in the near future, which is exciting,” Contino says.
Get Off Your High Horse: What You Need to Know About CBD Oils and Supplements
“The USEF Equine Drugs and Medications Rules prohibit cannabidiols (CBD) and their metabolites. CBD, both natural and synthetic forms, are likely to affect the performance of a horse due to its reported anxiolytic effects. This substance is no different than legitimate therapeutics that effect mentation and behavior in horses. It is for these reasons that USEF prohibits CBD and all related cannabinoids. Horses competing under USEF rules who test positive for natural cannabinoids, synthetic cannabinoids and other cannabimimetics will be considered in violation of GR4 beginning September 1, 2019.“
Read the full statement and keep scrolling for more need-to-know information about CBD for horses.
Marijuana, hemp, CBD — cannabis is consistently becoming integrated into our everyday lives. New studies and findings are proving the benefits of this adaptable type of plant, leading to heated debates on regulation and legalization. From medical uses to recreational, cannabis has been consumed by humans for centuries. But what about our horses?
To clear up confusion, let’s break down exactly what we’re talking about. First and foremost, hemp and marijuana are not the same thing. While often mistakenly used interchangeably, these terms are referring to two different plants entirely. Both hemp and marijuana are part of the Cannabis family, but they have different uses and ways of cultivation that are easily mixed up. And there is one major difference between the two plants: one will get you “high” and the other won’t. Still with me?
Hemp has been gaining popularity as a nutraceutical used to relieve symptoms such as pain and anxiety.
Marijuana has high levels of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive constituent responsible for psychological effects) which gives users the feeling of being “high”. On the flipside, hemp has extremely low levels of THC. Though useless as a recreational drug, industrial hemp is extremely versatile. Different parts of the plant can be used to make a wide variety of products from textiles, to paper, concrete, food, and even fuel. More recently, hemp has been gaining popularity as a nutraceutical used to relieve symptoms such as pain and anxiety. You may have even heard about the product that is commonly called CBD oil or hemp oil. That’s what we’re talking about today.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound extracted from hemp that has a similar chemical makeup as THC. The big difference is CBD doesn’t have the same psychoactive effect as THC. Both CBD and THC are found in hemp and marijuana, but the levels of THC in hemp are negligible. The legality of marijuana is still a messy business at the federal and state level, but CBD oil derived from industrial hemp is considered a food supplement and widely available. The laws regarding marijuana-derived CBD oil and industrial hemp-derived CBD oil vary by state.
Editor’s note: we previously stated that the supplement is legal to order online and buy in stores. However, we’ve updated this wording due to conflicting information and rapidly changing laws. If you’re interested in CBD oil, it’s worthwhile to research your own state’s laws.
But what’s all the fuss about CBD products? Like other products in the essential oil family, CBD has shown to be beneficial in helping a wide range of ailments both in humans and in animals. Studies have shown that using these oils can help with pain, inflammation, and stress by quickly suppressing pain signals, boosting immune functions, and enriching natural occurring cells in your body.
Researchers at Kentucky Equine Research (KER) are continuing to examine CBD trends and their effects. In an excerpt from the KER website, equine nutritionist Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D. states, “Hemp is hardy and fast-growing, and can be harvested for industrial and commercial products such as rope, clothes, paper, textiles, plastics, and biofuel. For horses, the two primary uses of hemp include bedding and oil obtained from hemp seeds. Hemp oil contains Omega-3 fatty acids, which are known for their health benefits. The nervous system of both mature and immature horses also benefits from Omega-3’s, as supplementation decreases stress, improves learning and cognition, and staves off the development of stereotypic behaviors, such as cribbing.”
Sounds great, but CBD supplements have burst onto the scene so quickly, the excitement surrounding the product hasn’t allowed enough time for the science to really catch up. Researchers are just beginning to test the long-term effects on horses, so we can’t 100 percent know all the side effects and potential dangers when it comes to our four-legged friends.
“CBD products have been pushed to consumers as being extremely effective in horses to treat a variety of medical issues from behavior to analgesia,” says Dr. Kent Allen, DVM, the lead veterinarian at Virginia Equine Imaging. Along with his responsibilities at his clinic, he also serves as Chairman of the USEF Veterinary Committee and the USEF Equine Drugs and Medications Committee, and he is the Deputy Chair of the FEI Veterinary Committee.
“Even if some of these claims have some validity, the science is lacking. In the U.S., the production of hemp products is not regulated and efficacy claims are not evaluated by the FDA. CBD oil and related products are prohibited by the FEI and USEF. . the use of these products in horses is done at the consumers own risk.”
“For horses, the two primary uses of hemp include bedding and oil obtained from hemp seeds.”
With varying processes, the U.S. has significantly different regulations than our neighbors to the north. Though widely available in both countries, the use of cannabis products in Canada is much more lenient with the country legalizing recreational use of marijuana on October 17, 2018. Warren Byrne runs The Horse Agency , a Canadian-based racing and equestrian consulting firm with a variety of clients through the horse show and racing world. He cautions against purchasing non-prescription CBD supplements.
“The ones currently being marketed are made from industrial hemp and often contain toxins and questionable levels of CBD,” Warren says. “There have been zero clinical trials on horses for dosage. All the science says it should work the same as on humans but the ability to manufacture quality product and do any sort of testing is nearly impossible due to federal laws. Colorado State University and Auburn University are doing clinical trials on dogs that are funded by cannabis companies.”
For some equestrians, however, the risk is worth the reward. Jackie Savoye is an up-and-coming Maryland-based Thoroughbred racehorse trainer. Not only does she train horses, but she also has a passion for working with young racehorses to help kick-start their careers. Jackie was looking for a tool to help one of her nervous horse’s transition to the racetrack. After significant research and consulting with a variety of holistic care professionals, she has turned to CBD pellets to help her young horse.
“After using CBD products on my dog, I was excited to learn about the potential to use different oils and pellets on horses,” Jackie says. “As a racehorse trainer there are a lot of stresses bringing a young horse to the racetrack from the farm. I just ordered CBD pellets and am excited to begin to use them on my two-year-old filly in hopes of helping to settle her mind and get her to focus, especially while working and training in the starting gate.”
While browsing commercially available CBD supplements online, it became obvious that the supplements are not advertised with the reassuring testimonials that often accompany other equine supplements. Russell Morgan, a hunter/jumper trainer and grand prix show jumper at Spirit Equestrian, was one of the few public testimonials from a professional rider that I could find on a company website. He said, “What I have experienced and observed in my horses when using CBD from CBD Equus, is it seems to have a calming effect, less muscle fatigue, and I have noticed a reduction in the swelling of inflamed joints.”
Despite the unknowns, there is obvious support for the possible benefits of using CBD oil as a supplement. Richard M. Nash is the CEO of Centaur Health , a company based in Lexington, Ky. He, like many, believes that CBD products for both animals and humans are a part of the next wave in holistic care. CBD products have a range of pricing, but Richard’s will run you between $50 and $170 for a variety of products that target different stress points in horse’s bodies.
“In short, the resurrection of hemp CBD use, when the product is manufactured properly and administered correctly, provides exceptional benefits to injured horses without the gastrointestinal issues we experience using such products as bute, Banamine, et cetera.”
Interested in using CBD? Do your own research and talk to your vet so you can make an informed decision. But if you’re an active competitor, don’t forget, CBD is not permitted under USEF and FEI rules.
Share your thoughts! Have you ever used CBD for your horse? What was the result? What do you think about the USEF and FEI bans on this product?