Dangerous Effects of Cannabis and Marijuana in Dogs
Marijuana is the dried part of the cannabis plant (cannabis sativa). It has been used for over 2000 years as herbal medicine and to make products such as rope and paper products. Today it’s mainly used recreationally or medicinally whereas people inhale it (smoke or vapour products) or take edibles that contain cannabis oil for medical reasons.
Cannabis is made up of many chemicals called cannabinoids. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a cannabinoid that has psychoactive effects. Cannabidiol (CBD oil) does not have any psychoactive effects. THC can be used to help people with appetite problems or nausea such as with chemotherapy treatments. Compounds called CBD can also help with medical conditions without being psychotropic.
Although cannabis use is not new, recreational marijuana use is up. Until recently, marijuana was legal in Canada and some states in the US, but there were strict controls over who could buy it and why. Legalizing drugs such as marijuana widely has led to an increase in accidental exposure in pets. As veterinarians, we expect to see a rise in pets accidentally ingesting cannabis or marijuana. In many of these cases, dogs have been exposed; this has been known to happen when the owners are not careful with the placement of their supplies.
How do Dogs and Cats Become Poisoned or Intoxicated?
Cats and dogs can be intoxicated or poisoned by cannabis in various ways. This usually happens when they are left alone with someone who is smoking marijuana, eating edibles containing it, or if their curious nature leads them to eat something that contains the drug. Because of the number of cannabinoid receptors in dogs, marijuana affects them differently than people. A small amount of cannabis or marijuana can lead to toxicity for both dogs and cats.
It is very important that you provide as much information as possible to your veterinarian. Different types of exposure require different treatments. Dogs that have cannabis intoxication because of second-hand smoke and treated very differently than those dogs that have ingested a cannabis product orally.
What are the effects of Cannabis on dogs and cats?
Cannabis is just one of several drugs that have a specific effect on the brain. Cannabis enters your pet’s body when they inhale (second-hand) or ingest it and will bind with certain receptors in your brain, altering normal neurotransmitter function. There are a few routes that THC takes when it enters your body. As THC is fat-soluble, it is easily stored in fatty tissue, like the liver, brain and kidneys before being excreted from the body. The majority of THC is eliminated through feces while a small percentage exits via urine – so for effects to wear off, it has to be metabolized and excreted out.
What is the difference between CBD and Marijuana in Regards to Toxicity for Pets?
The two main cannabinoids within the cannabis plant are THC and cannabidiol (CBD). CBD and hemp products without THC appear to be well tolerated by dogs and cats and have a place for their use. More studies will need to be performed to determine appropriate therapeutic dosing and safety margins. Marijuana however contains THC which can be dangerous and toxic to pets when exposed. While rarely fatal, prompt treatment is beneficial and this is why we feel it is important for you to understand some of the symptoms your dog or cat may show after ingesting THC or marijuana.
What are the clinical signs of cannabis poisoning or intoxication?
Clinical signs or symptoms of cannabis intoxication in dogs and cats can vary based on how much and when the THC was ingested, but the most common and predictable side effects are related to the neurological system:
- Mental dullness/depression
- Increased urination
- Ataxia (imbalance)
- Dilated pupils
How is cannabis intoxication treated in dogs and cats?
If you witness your pet ingesting a product containing THC or marijuana, call your veterinarian immediately for instructions on how to induce vomiting. Vomiting can be induced within an hour or two after ingestion. If symptoms are already noticed, contact your veterinarian for advice as they will likely recommend supportive care within the animal hospital. As there is no antidote available, this would include intravenous fluids, anti-vomiting medication and activated charcoal to help bind any residual toxins within the gastrointestinal tract that have yet to be absorbed. Fortunately, with proper supportive care, most dogs can make a full, complete recovery within a couple of days.
It is important to be aware of cannabis intoxication in dogs and cannabis poisoning in dogs. Second-hand cannabis smoke can make it difficult for your dog’s lungs, while an ingested cannabis product may affect their neurological system. If you see signs that your dog has been exposed to marijuana, contact a veterinarian immediately or induce vomiting if possible within one or two hours after ingestion. Cannabis toxicity is rarely fatal but because there is no antidote available, supportive care will need to be administered until the toxin leaves the body naturally through feces and other bodily fluids such as urine. With proper treatment from your veterinarian, most dogs can recover completely within just a few days!
What Are the Risks of Using CBD Oil for My Dog?
When you are giving your pet supplements, it is a good idea to be aware of any risks or side effects. Even though CBD oil is generally safe for dogs, there are still a few side effects that may occur. For those asking “What Are the Risks of Using CBD Oil for My Dog?”, here is everything you need to know about the risks of giving your dog CBD oil.
The Benefits of CBD Oil
Scientists have done thorough research regarding the effects of CBD oil on dogs. This research has shown that CBD oil is beneficial for a wide variety of ailments. Giving your dog CBD oil can help with allergies, anxiety, appetite, cancer, chronic pain, and arthritis. Additionally, it can also help with inflammation, mobility issues, seizures, skin conditions, and more.
The Safety of CBD Oil
Giving your dog CBD oil is widely considered to be safe. The product has been thoroughly tested on both dogs and humans. Hemp-based CBD oil is commonly used as a therapeutic supplement and is legal in all fifty states. There is no scientific evidence that CBD oil is harmful to dogs or humans.
Since CBD oil is not psychoactive, it won’t cause a high. There is also no known toxic dose of CBD. Ingesting large amounts of CBD only becomes dangerous when it contains high levels of THC. In fact, dogs are at a far greater risk of illness from ingesting chocolate, coffee, or raisins than they are from ingesting too much CBD.
Low Blood Pressure
High doses of CBD can cause a drop in blood pressure. Although the drop is small, it can still cause a feeling of light-headedness. This can occur in both humans and dogs. If you are concerned that your dog may have ingested too much CBD oil and is experiencing a drop in blood pressure, you should contact your local vet.
CBD oil is commonly used to treat anxiety in dogs. This is because it has a calming effect. When high doses are administered, it can, however, cause feelings of drowsiness. A change in your pet’s sleep patterns should be monitored but is nothing to worry about.
There are many reasons why CBD oil treatments may be right for your dog. CBD oil can be highly beneficial to both people and animals alike. It’s best to be aware of the possible side effects that may occur when you treat your dog with CBD oil. However, keep in mind that none of these side effects is severe or life-threatening. To learn more about CBD oil for dogs, visit Caspers Oil today.
CBD Oil For Dogs: Learn How you can Better your Pet’s Life
CBD Oil continues to grow as one of the most popular options to treat anxiety, pain and other ailments in dogs.
Published May 14, 2019 6:00AM (EDT)
Brought to you by Honest Paws.
CBD Oil is the newest trend in the world of holistic wellness for pets. Even veterinarians are starting to take interest in how this all-natural elixir can work in conjunction with traditional medicine to better pets’ lives. If you’re interested in giving your pet CBD, we recommend Honest Paws. Click here to learn more!
Honest Paws CBD Oil can help promote relaxation, serve as an anti-inflammatory and relieve occasional discomfort, tackle skin irritation and much more! It’s no wonder why Honest Paws is rated the #1 trusted selling CBD brand in America.
Why CBD Oil for Dogs?
If your pup regularly suffers from anxiety, he is definitely not alone. It is very common for dogs to experience nervousness from essentially anything:
- New surroundings
- Separation anxiety
- Loud noises (fireworks)
- Changes in their daily routine
Traditionally, western medicine has always been the first and only option for these problems, as well as other issues like chronic pain and allergies. But a new type of treatment is on the rise:
CBD was originally a trend in the world of holistic wellness for humans but has now also become the go-to alternative treatment for pets. In fact, over 76K+ people are searching for information on the topic of CBD oil for dogs on a monthly basis.
Now, What is CBD?
CBD is derived from the cannabis plant and used for its medical benefits- kind of like another extract we know, THC. But there are definitely some key differences between the two. CBD and THC are both cannabinoids found in the cannabis family. THC is predominantly found in the marijuana plant while CBD is found in both the marijuana plant and the hemp plant.
To create CBD oil, cannabidiol is extracted from hemp and marijuana plants. While CBD and THC share commonalities, there is one significant difference: CBD does not get you high.
Marijuana has gained the oh so popular reputation because of the “high” or “buzz” that it causes due to the high content of THC. It has been heavily stigmatized when in reality, medical marijuana can function as a natural healer for many problems. For example, different kinds of patients use it to relieve pain from various conditions.
However, THC can be dangerous for animals. For this reason, most CBD products for pets are made from hemp extract, not marijuana extract. By law, Hemp extract must contain no more than 0.3% THC, which is a safe level for pets to ingest.
The Benefits of CBD Oil for Dogs
CBD has many health benefits for people and animals without the psychoactive effects of THC. For this reason, it’s the best option for many dog owners to use it not only to treat their pups but to prevent complications from happening in the first place.
CBD oil is used to relieve a variety of ailments. Some of its benefits include that it is a powerful anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant. Additionally, people are testing to see if it can help:
- Joint Pain
Veterinarians have started working with CBD to treat some of their patients along with Western medicine.
“I have seen CBD and other forms of cannabis be a very effective alternative treatment option. It can help with everything from pain and soreness to stress and anxiety, upset stomach, cancer, and seizures.”
Dr. Gary Richter, a Veterinary Health Expert with Rover.com
Source: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
CBD Side Effects
Since it is a natural remedy with no psychoactive effects like marijuana, CBD oil for dogs has no side effects. The most it can do is cause a bit of drowsiness.
“CBD from hemp is considered to be very, very safe. As long as the product is of high quality, the worst side effect is likely to be a little drowsiness if the dosing is too high.”
Dr. Gary Richter, a Veterinary Health Expert with Rover.com
On the other hand, traditional western medicine used by veterinarians can cause adverse effects that might be even deadly for some pets. Common medications include Apoquel, Zyrtec, Benadryl, Rimadyl and many more. These medications cause a slew of unsavory side effects.
In a study done by Veterinary Dermatology, Apoquel was shown to create adverse effects of pyoderma when treating dermatitis. So, what’s the point of treating your dog for one problem if it’s going to create another one?
Luckily, CBD can be the solution to this problem!
The Benefits of CBD for Pets and for your Wallet
If you’re like most pet parents, chances are you’ve received a higher than expected bill after a routine vet visit. What starts as just a little problem oftentimes results in pricey tests, medications, and follow up appointments. Because of this, we always preach preventative care as the way to go!
“Depending on the traditional medications I usually see that CBD cost more as an initial investment but in the long run traditional medications would cost more if given for long term.”
Dr. Jennifer Walker Diaz
By putting your pet on a consistent, daily dose of CBD oil, it may help them improve their health with very little side effects. Hemp oil is a natural healer that is incredibly effective! Not to mention, pet owners can get to witness the change in their best friend’s mood. It’s not uncommon for dogs to go from being anxious and sluggish to feeling relaxed, pain-free, and more active.
Is CBD Even Legal?
In 2018, the Farm Bill, formally named the Agriculture Improvement Act, began the process of facilitating access to Hemp and the creation of products infused with the extract. Now, with the Farm Bill, more cultivators will have access to aid and benefits. As the industry continues to grow, more studies can be conducted regarding the benefits of hemp. There will also be more investment opportunities.
“There have been considerable legislative hurdles to overcome before we could recommend these products, and the new Farm Bill is the first step in allowing us to make appropriate recommendations.”
DR. Rory Lubold, DVM
So YES, Hemp is 100% legal. Each state has its own laws, but you have the go ahead to sell and buy in the USA. Now if you’re questioning where to get CBD for your four-legged friend.
Where To Buy CBD Oil for Dogs?
As a pet owner, you’re probably interested in finding the best of the best for your pup. Since the medical effects of CBD are still fairly new in the medicinal department, you should make sure that the brand you choose is honest about their sourcing and the ingredients used.
The products offered should also be available in a variety of forms and doses. While one pet may take to pure CBD oil, another may prefer CBD dog treats. Those who want to help their pets live a healthier and happier life should be prepared to try different options, depending on their pet’s preferences.
The CBD sourced by companies like Honest Paws is from the USA and is all-natural, non-GMO, soy-free, and lab-tested. They use a wide variety of healthy yet delicious ingredients, like peanut butter and turmeric, in their products. Not to mention, they offer CBD Oil for dogs and cats in many forms, including:
Among their variety of CBD products, one of Honest Paws’ fan favorites is their peanut butter-flavored calming treats. These CBD dog treats are made for dogs to enjoy and at the same time ease their anxiety and boost their health.
SEE WHAT OTHERS ARE SAYING ABOUT HONEST PAWS:
As this fairly new trend continues to prove itself in the health department for dogs and cats, we are excited to see what other products come out for use in both pets and humans. CBD oil for pets can be the solution that many dog lovers have been looking for to help their pups enjoy a happier, healthier life.