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Native and Indigenous-Owned Cannabis Brands Thrive Despite Regulatory Obstacles

Indigenous and Native American tribes have stewarded the land in North America for countless generations. Today, Indigenous-owned cannabis and hemp brands are thriving in the industry despite regulatory obstacles including licensing issues, local restrictions, and more.

Continued after the jump.

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Most Americans are taught in elementary school that Native Americans and colonizing European pilgrims feasted together jovially on the first Thanksgiving, and that we recreate that tradition each year with our own Thanksgiving family feasts. The truth is that the first Thanksgiving was an accidental gathering. Pilgrims were shooting muskets to celebrate their first harvest and members of the Wampanoag tribe arrived prepared for war. When realizing that the gunshots were celebratory, the Wampanoag stayed for a tense meal to maintain peace. Some Wampanoag members regard the day referred to as “Thanksgiving” as a National Day of Mourning. These truths are an essential part of American history, and recognizing them is just one way to honor the Indigenous peoples who have stewarded this land for generations.

When cannabis prohibition began to lift and the industry opened up, many tribes and those who lived on reservations were left out of the legislation. For example, the 2014 Farm Bill granted states the right to set up hemp pilot programs but did not grant the same authority to American Indian Tribes. Under the 2018 Farm Bill, which federally legalized the crop, tribes still had to wait for USDA regulations before they could begin building hemp programs. This gave other businesses a head start on capturing the market share and establishing their hemp agriculture infrastructure. The same lack of representation is an issue in Canada as well: as of September 2021, only 5% of the Canadian cannabis market was Indigenous-owned. Despite the lack of Indigenous representation, there are still Indigenous-owned retail shops, cultivations, CBD companies, and testing labs on Turtle Island. Some state legislatures, like Washington and Nevada, have opened up the cannabis industry to tribal business but there is a long way to go in making cannabis business more accessible to Indigenous people.

Chenae Bullock is a member of the Shinnecock Nation and the Managing Director of Little Beach Harvest, the tribe’s cannabis retail store that chose to open through a partnership with TILT.

“Building partnerships as a tribal business takes work on creating change on how tribal communities are viewed. For far too long, we have been purposely hidden and talked about in the past tense, making it a challenge for many to see we are leaders in what we set forth in. Once that view changes, we are looked at as equal partners and business can thrive.” — Chenae Bullock, Managing Director of Little Beach Harvest

In hope that you will shop Indigenous whenever possible, we’ve put together a list of cannabis industry businesses that are owned by Native tribes, owned by tribal members, and some that are owned by tribes in partnership with larger cannabis brands.

These stores have been pulled from various sources including InclusiveBase, the cannabis PoC directory. Before they were added here, the following businesses were vetted to ensure that they were Indigenous-owned. Some companies are owned by tribes, some operate on reservations while others do not. We’ve displayed the relevant information for each business — scroll down to find Indigenous-owned cannabis retailers, cultivation sites, testing labs, CBD brands, and industry partnerships.

Conscious Consumption: 100+ Indigenous-Owned Cannabis Businesses to Support Right Now

Indigenous peoples have always had a relationship with sacred smoke. Hundreds of Tribal communities have shared stories of hemp economies prior to European contact, and have well documented accounts of use and enjoyment of the plant as a textile as well as for ceremonial purposes.

The Nez Perce people of the Columbia River Plateau were noted for their smoking practices as early as 1805 in the Lewis and Clark Expedition journals, which also recorded the presence of a hemp rope economy stewarded by the women.

The Indigenous’s relationship with the cannabis plant spans thousands of years. It was formed after a flood displaced the Tribe, explains Mary Jane Oatman, founder of THC Magazine and member of the Nez Perce, in Spokesman :

“[…] Looking for land, they released a bird, but the bird returned to the ship with nothing in its talons nor beak. Then the bird opened its mouth and out popped a sacred seed: a hemp seed. Reaching land shortly thereafter, the hemp seed was planted, and bore fruit that nourished and clothed the people.”

Peace treaty negotiations between the U.S. Government and the Nez Perce people were bargained for over smoke, as were numerous other treaties causing the “Indian peace pipe” to later become an iconic symbol of Native cultures.

Now, the War on Drugs has led to a disproportionate number of Indigenous people serving federal prison sentences for so-called cannabis crimes.

One 2012 study conducted by the Marijuana Arrest Research Project found that, in Washington state, for instance, “ Native Americans were arrested at 1.6 times the rate of whites ” for cannabis possession.

Disparities in arrest rates are even higher in states like South Dakota , where Black and Native Americans are on average five times more likely to be arrested for cannabis than whites , found a Shenandoah University study. According to that study, released in September 2020, “Native Americans accounted for 8.9% of the population of South Dakota in 2016, [but] they comprised 29.3% of all marijuana possession arrests that year.”

A paradigm shift is slowly occurring, as dozens of Tribal communities are blazing trails with the development of comprehensive regulations and policies to open up opportunities for their people.

At the 2014 national convention, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) passed Resolution SD-15-047, which:

“[…] Affirms the following tribes have the right to be a part of the development of any state and federal legislation that addresses the growing and selling of hemp and marijuana on state lands; that NCAI opposes any such legislation that will override tribal sovereignty; and that tribes have the right, under their treaties and sovereignty, to develop programs that include marijuana as an economic base for their people.”

Since the convention, Indian country hemp and cannabis has proliferated the map as the number of farms, production facilities, testing centers and consulting companies grow among the nation’s 570+ federally recognized tribes.

That’s why it is important now more than ever to become conscious cannabis consumers. This list of 100+ Indigenous-owned cannabis businesses is the perfect place to start.

100+ Indigenous-Owned Cannabis Businesses

This is an on-going list. The Emerald will continue to update it. Please reach out or comment below to be included. Click here for a list of Black-Owned Cannabis Companies , Asian-Owned Cannabis Companies, and Hispanic and Latinx-Owned Cannabis Companies .

Retail/Store Fronts

  • Agate Dreams (Poulsbo, Wash.) is Kitsap County’s largest recreational dispensary. According to the company’s website, it’s located on the Port Madison Indian Reservation, and is “operated by the Suquamish Evergreen Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Port Madison Enterprises, an agency of the Suquamish Tribe.”
  • Cedar Greens (Sequim, Wash.) opened in 2019 “to provide our community with resources for learning about cannabis while offering access to the world of benefits provided by cannabis and other natural products,” according to the company’s website. Operated by the Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe .
    is a dispensary that offers high-quality flower and has daily deals for customers. Their website proudly boasts that they are, ”Native grown, Native owned.”
  • Eh-Lo Dispensary (Porterville, Calif.) is a dispensary located inside a 4,000 square foot building with a 1,500 square foot showroom. Owned by the Tule River Tribe.
    is located on the Squaxin Island Indian Reservation. Elevation opened in November 2015, making it “the first retail cannabis shop to open on tribal land,” according to Elevation’s website. “All profits from Elevation support crucial infrastructure such as healthcare, education, economic development and employment for the Squaxin Island Tribe .”
    is a dispensary that sells high-quality cannabis and CBD products. “Located on the Olympic Peninsula, west of Port Angeles, Elwha Peaks operates in accordance with an inter-governmental Marijuana Compact between the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe and the State of Washington, acting through its Liquor & Cannabis Board in accordance with its authority under I-502,” write the company’s website. “Elwha Peaks is wholly owned by the Tribe, which allocates all revenues from Elwha Peaks to support infrastructure, healthcare, education, economic development and employment for the betterment of the Tribe, its community and membership.”
  • Harvest Health Dispensary (Sand Springs, Okla.) is a medical cannabis dispensary founded by Lana Rodriguez. Harvest Health carries edibles, vape pens, flower, concentrates – and even offers 15% daily discounts for seniors and veterans.
    is a recreational and medical dispensary owned by the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe. The shop, which offers high quality products at competitive prices, is located on the Gamble S’Klallam Reservation .
    is located on the Muckleshoot Indian Reservation. It’s home to the state’s first drive-thru dispensary, which opened in 2018. According to The Federal Law Mirror , the Muckleshoot Tribe handled all planning and development of the dispensary.
    is a medical cannabis dispensary,” established by the Shinnecock Indian Nation in order to provide quality treatment with compassion and convenience,” according to their website.
    is a Native American-owned cannabis store, and Orange County’s first legal retail sho p, according to the company’s Twitter and Weedmaps’ account. The dispensary was established in 2016 by The Long Lodge Native Tribe, which has long believed in the holistic uses of cannabis .
    is the retail division or, ”one of three operating entities under the parent company, Xabenapo Herbals,” according to their website.
    was founded by the Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel and is, ”the first tribally owned dispensary in San Diego County,” according to their Facebook.
    is located on the Lovelock Paiute Tribe Colony. The dispensary holds annual events, including for 4/20 and the Lovelock Street Fair Car Show, according to the company’s website.
    is a family-owned business, ”located in the beautiful Cross Timbers region of East Central Oklahoma providing a unique Ecoregion perfect for the cultivation of high quality, connoisseur grade cannabis,” according to poster.com.
  • Natural Wonders (Portland, Ore.) was founded in 2014, and is owned by Jackson McCormick. According to the company’s Instagram, Natural Wonders is Oregon’s first and only Native-owned dispensary .
  • Newe Cannabis (Elko, Nev.) opened in April 2020, and was founded by the Elko Band Colony of the Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians. According to Newe’s website, the dispensary hopes to, “provide much needed economic development for the Tribe and responsibly provide a service for the people of Elko County and Nevada for years to come.”
    includes two locations, NuWu North, and NuWu Cannabis Marketplace—the world’s largest dispensary, according to the company’s website. It’s also the home of Las Vegas’s only consumption room, and features a 24 hour drive-thru. Owned by the Las Vegas Paiute Tribe .
    is ”a cannabis brand and dispensary founded by the Fort Independence Paiute Band ,“ according to their website.
    is a medical cannabis dispensary that is Oneida nation-owned.
    .) is located on the Yerington Paiute Tribe Colony, “Pesha Numma is the only medical and recreational dispensary for adults 21 years of age [between Las Vegas and Reno ]; serving the Mason Valley and Yerington Paiute Tribe,” according to the company’s website. Owned and operated by the Yerington Paiute Tribe.
    is the Tulalip Tribes’ first retail cannabis shop . According to Remedy Tulalip’s website, the company “is committed to using our buying power and commitment to sustainability and education to create opportunities for Native-owned and affiliated cannabis brands to thrive!”
    is a retail dispensary that carries “high-quality cannabis in a variety of consumption options to meet every customer’s needs, including tinctures, topicals, edibles, flowers, and concentrates,” according to their website. Founded by Antyn J. Vejil, and Marcus Joe — a member of the Swinomish Tribe.
  • Tsaa Nesunkwa Dispensary (Ely, Nev.) takes its name from the Shoshone term for “feeling good.” According to the company’s website, it is “Nevada’s first Northeastern medical and recreational dispensary located on the Ely Shoshone Reservation.”
    is a medical and recreational dispensary, which carries a range of THC and CBD products ranging from concentrates, to flower, to pet products. The dispensary was built by the Winnemucca Indian Colony .
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    is an art, education and wellness brand that offers consultations, a concept studio, and a line of topicals created to be, “reminiscent of Caribbean/Puerto Rican home remedies and Brujeria magic,” according to the website. Founded by Lynsey Ayala .
  • Dolo Rolling Co. (Oakland, California)is a 100% equity-owned brand co-founded by Daniel Won, Chris Galea, Tushar Sethi, and John Sanders. The company curates high-quality pre-rolls, which come in packaging that “represents the creative spirit of the Bay Area,” the website explains. Dolo Rolling Co. also collaborates with local and BIPOC artists and cultivators.
    is “the manufacturer and importer of over 100 hemp fabrics worldwide and a leading consultant for the Colorado hemp industry,” according to the company’s website. Founded by Barbara Filippone .
  • Lea Littleleaf Glass (Portland, Ore.) Lea LIttleleaf is an Indigenous lampworker, plant lover and activist that is an emerging star in the world of competitive glassblowing. Littleleaf specializes in creating fishing lure designs and is inspired by her Native roots to incorporate fishing cultures from the Pacific Northwest.
  • Oyate Herbals (Florissant, Colo.) was founded by Tammie Lowell, “a Lakota woman that was raised with traditional medicines and has extensive knowledge in Herbology,” according to Lowell’s LinkedIn, which adds, “The recipes for [Oyate Herbals] products have been tested and perfected over several years. After encouragement by her friends, family, and other energy-healing clients, to market her products to help others, Oyate Herbals was founded.” The company offers full-spectrum hemps oils to pain-relieving salves, CBD capsule and more.
  • PhoenixFire Glass (Ashland, Ore.) was founded by artist, mother and glassblower , Fiona Anuweh, aka Fiona PhoenixFire . PhoenixFire’s glassware designs include ceremonial pipes, glass arrowhead pendants and pieces adorned with 24k gold dotwork.
  • Sagebrush Hill Group, LLC (Window Rock, Ariz.) was founded by Derrick Watchman in 2017. According to Watchman’s LinkedIn, the company focuses on “advisory, acquisition, and development of businesses related to banking, gaming, finance and economic development.”
  • Warm Springs Ventures (Warm Springs, Ore.) “The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs tribal membership approved a referendum on December 17, 2015 to own and operate a cannabis production, processing, wholesale and retail sales of these products. The referendum also authorized the production, sale, wholesale and retail sale of industrial hemp for future development,” according to their website.


    is a consulting firm that specializes in tribal business development and investment in the hemp industry . Founded in 2017 by hemp activist, Muriel Young Bear .
  • Bolivar Consulting LLC. offers “cannabis and hemp business development consulting practice,” including the management of daily operations and client relationships, and management of daily operations, according to founder Larisa Bolivar’s LinkedIn page.
    is a “Native-owned multidivisional cannabis solutions company that provides superior Native American Cannabis Consulting services in Medical Cannabis (marijuana) / Industrial Cannabis (Hemp),” according to the company’s Facebook.
    is a cultural and heritage consulting firm founded by Chenae Bullock , “an enrolled Shinnecock Indian Nation Tribal Member and descendant of the Montauk Tribe in Long Island New York,” states the company’s website.
  • National Indian Cannabis Coalition (Washington, D.C.) was founded to help provide resources and advising for emerging cannabis businesses. According to Ganjapreneur , their goal is to, ”inform and educate tribal leaders on the emerging regulated cannabis markets from an entrepreneurial and operations perspective.”
    is focused on bridging the gap between Native nations and the commercial cannabis world. According to the company’s website, their mission is, “to help Indian Nations develop their economic basis for supporting sovereignty and building community through the emerging cannabis industry.”
    was founded by La Vonne Peck and Niki Vandenburgh , Native Network Consulting works with Tribal governments to help consult on, ”what makes hemp federally legal to grow; industry outlook and opportunities for business development; navigating the crop from planting to production,” and more, according to their website.
    is ”a premier hemp development, management and consulting company that serves the Native American hemp industry,” and was founded by Richard Tall Bear Westerman , according to their website.
    was founded by Tina Braithwaite of the Benton Paiute Tribe . She uses her extensive knowledge of cannabis and Tribal government to advise Tribes with how to legally establish and operate cannabis businesses.
    was founded by Sarah Yetman , The company “provides logistics consulting, customs clearance and transportation management for industrial hemp and CBD products worldwide,” according to their website.
  • Tinhorn Consulting (Phoenix, Ariz.) is a 100% Native and woman-owned, full-service marketing and consulting firm that originated on the Hualapai Indian Reservation in Peach Springs, Arizona. Tinhorn Consulting was founded by April Tinhorn, “in response to the growing need for a professional services agency that truly understands Indian Country,” according to the company’s website.
  • Xhoshga Consulting (Mandan, N.D.) was founded by Waylon Pretend Eagle and helps, ”clients throughout North Dakota cultivate, harvest, and process hemp products,” according to their website.


    or CNACA is a membership-based program, “composed of federally recognized Tribal Governments dedicated to protecting the sovereign right of Tribes to provide regulated, legal cannabis products to their communities, and engage in the economic development of legal, safe, and high-quality cannabis products for California consumers,” states CNACA’s website.
    is a non-profit “consumer advocacy and watchdog organization in the cannabis industry,” with a mission “to be the voice of cannabis consumers […] by ensuring consumer rights, providing consumer education, and promoting ethical behavior on behalf of cannabis related businesses,” according to the website. Founded by Larisa Bolivar .
    is a Southern California-based company with the goal to assist Tribes in the development of “hemp and cannabis-based economies on Native American lands across the U.S.,” states CannaNative ’s Facebook page.
    was ”founded by legendary Native poet, philosopher and recording artist John Trudell,” according to the organization’s website, which adds, “Hempstead Project HEART is a vehicle to build public awareness of the many benefits of growing Industrial Hemp.”
    or ICANNC, has a mission to “provide education to and for Indigenous communities, elevating first nations economies and promoting traditional spiritual use,” according to the organization’s website. Team includes Judy Oatman, Nicole Bashaw, and Mary Jane Oatman of THC Magazine.
  • InterTribal Marijuana Commission of Nevada (Nevada) or TMED is a division of the Inter Tribal Marijuana Enforcement Commission, whose mission is to “promote public safety and reduce public harm by regulating the Tribal commercial marijuana industry through the consistent administration of laws and regulations […],” according to TMEC’s website.
    is a full-service cannabis analytics lab that is owned by the Puyallup Tribe of Indians.
  • National Native American Cannabis Association is an organization of tribal and non-tribal businesses that bound together to help establish high standards and provide quality services for those in the Native American cannabis industry. “NNACA has established the base standards for Hemp and Cannabis with experts around the world,” according to their website.
    (NAAF) is the largest philanthropic organization dedicated to Native farmers and ranchers in the U.S., according to NAAF’s website. The organization “provides grants to eligible organizations for business assistance, agricultural education, technical support, and advocacy services to support Native farmers and ranchers,” the site adds.
    or NAH “is a Native-owned company that grows, refines, and sells organic industrial hemp products to wholesale and retail markets,” according to NAH’s website. Founded by Aaron Fournier , a member of the Chickasaw Nation, reports Native Business Magazine .
  • Santa Ysabel Tribal Cannabis Regulatory Agency (San Ysabel, Calif.) or SYTCRA, “a component of the Iipay Nation Tribal government, is the primary agency responsible for the regulation and legal compliance of the operators comprising the Santa Ysabel Botanical Facility,” states to the organization’s website.
    ”establishes itself as a professional and trustworthy entity capable of navigating the complexities of the hemp and cannabis industries,” according to nativenationevents.org. The company promotes sustainable use of resources, and offers strategy and land management services.
    or IHEA is a non-profit organization with a mission to “educate and inform of the TRUE history, present, and future applications of Indigenous hemp,” according to IHEA’s website.


    is a licensed processor that creates infused edibles, topicals and boutique specialty items, according to the company’s Facebook page.


    or ASEDA “is a federally chartered corporation wholly owned by the Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma,” that “serves as a holding company for revenue generating businesses and economic development operations,” which includes industrial hemp , states ASEDA’s website.
    In 2018, the Blackfeet Nation Tribal Council enacted an ordinance to decriminalize the possession of medical cannabis. On February 7th, 2020 the Tribe gained USDA approval for hemp production.
    is a hemp farm founded by “Rob Pero [a] serial entrepreneur, savvy marketer, and proud member of the Bad River Tribe,” according to the Canndigenous website, which adds: “Like preceding generations of Ojibwe people, his core values are rooted in love for family, support for community, respect for the natural world, and a commitment to doing everything, as the Ojibwe say, ‘in a good way.’”
  • Cayuga Nation (Seneca Falls, N.Y.) was given USDA approval to grow and sell hemp. According to the Finger Lakes Times, Cayuga Nation leader Clint Halftown said, “the approval allows hemp to be grown within the Nation’s former 64,015-acre reservation in Seneca and Cayuga counties, property that forms a horseshoe around the north end of Cayuga Lake.”
    is an Oregon-based farm that specializes in “cultivating clean, high-grade cannabis sustainably using our patented vertical octagon growing systems ,” according to the company’s Facebook page.
    are state permitted “ organic sustainable craft cannabis farms in Southern Humboldt and Northern Mendocino [County in Northern California],” states their Facebook page. The farm grows flowers and veggies in addition to strains like Skywalker OG. Owned by Jasmine Rose of the Tlingit Tribe.
    is an organic cannabis farm started in 2009 by husband and wife team, Justin and Bethany Rondeaux. “At Falcanna we have unique, proprietary genetics grown organically and pesticide free. Whether it’s our medically desired Pacific Blue or the cult classic Dutch Haze, we’re certain you’ll find something in our selection that will become your new favorite strain,” writes Falcanna’s website.
  • Flandreau Santee Sioux Nation (Flandreau, S.D.) Effective January 2020, the Tribe was approved to grow hemp. According to Ganjapreneur, the tribe appears to be forging ahead in the planning stages of a “first-of-its-kind marijuana resort ” intended to attract tourists.
  • Ho-Chunk Farms (Winnebago, Neb.) is a subsidiary of Ho-Chunk Inc. , reports Native Business Magazine , and is located on the Winnebago Reservation in Nebraska, where industrial hemp is grown in addition to other crops.
    was established in 2014, and specializes in cultivation, branding, and award-winning extractions including, shatter, distillate, waxes and live resin.
    is a soon to launch cannabis company that focuses on pesticide-free products, including solvent-less concentrates, flower , and more, according to the company’s Leafly page.
  • Navajo Agricultural Products Industry (NAPI) Navajo Nation legislation made hemp testing and growing legal only on NAPI’s lands in a research trial conducted by New Mexico State University, according to Navajo Times . While controversial in the Tribal community, a 2020 bill expanded the NAPI hemp pilot project from 200 square feet to 5 acres, the publication reported.
  • Navajo Nation San Juan River FarmBoard (Shiprock, N.M.) The Navajo Nation Council’s Health, Education, and Human Services Committee approved […] Farming Legislation that permits economic development through the production of cannabis and hemp,” according to the board’s website. “The legislation is intended to advance the Navajo Nation economy, promote economic development, and create additional farming opportunities with the intent to improve the standard of living and promoting health and welfare of the Navajo Nation citizens.”
    will become pioneers in establishing a cannabis market in a state where it is otherwise illegal. Per the Associated Press, Tribal leaders have “pitched setting up a marijuana resort near the tribe’s casino in order to attract tourists visiting the Black Hills.” However, due to state and federal regulations, those plans are in the initial phases. In March 2020, the Tribe was granted USDA approval for their industrialized hemp plan to become operational.
  • Otoe Missouria Tribe of Indians (Red Rock, Okla.) gained USDA approval to begin industrialized hemp cultivation in February of 2020. The Tribe has expressed their disinterest in cannabis, saying it’s “not a direction we’re going in,” the Oklahoma Watch reported.
  • Quoddy Hemp Manufacturing LLC (Maine) is the Passamaquoddy Tribe ’s industrialized hemp production company. Their seeds were acquisitioned from Kentucky with the tribe focused on researching which kinds of hemp grow the best in the climate of northern New England, according to a Press Heraldreport . The plan is to allow the environment to dictate where manufacturing goes based on production yield.
    the Tribe approved medicinal cannabis in 2019, and is moving toward the future legalization of recreational usage. The Tribe planned to have medicinal cannabis sales available as early as spring 2020 , working with New York state to extend purchasing abilities to non-Tribal members.
  • Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla (Riverside County, Calif.) is approved by the USDA to grow industrial hemp on the Tribe’s reservation, located near Idyllwild, California. According to The Press Enterprise, the Tribe plans to “let growers rent up to 30 acres of Tribal land to grow [it].”
  • Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate (Lake Traverse Reservation, S.D.) Tribe was granted USDA approval for industrialized hemp production in March of 2020. The tribe has completed their initial Hemp Economic Feasibility Study and are presently in their second study phase with the University of Minnesota. Their Facebook indicates a healthy beginning to their foray into the hemp business.
  • St. Croix Chippewa Hemp (Webster, Wis.) In November of 2017, the Tribe adopted a comprehensive control program for hemp and CBD, however, a legal battle with the Wisconsin Attorney General delayed the start until mid-2018. The Tribe says its plans to grow hemp indoors in a former fish hatchery after settling the lawsuit with the state, according to Hemp Industry Daily. The Chippewa also want to explore market opportunities for other parts of the plant.
  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (Fort Yates, N.D.) previously shared their interest in hemp cultivation, and appears to have embraced the opportunities it will offer their tribe, calling it an agricultural commodity with the potential to drive economic development on the Reservation. The Tribe was granted USDA approval for their industrialized hemp production plan on March 10th of 2020.
  • The Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa (Troy, Mich.) was granted industrialized hemp production approval on June 9th of 2020. The Tribe has also embarked in a flourishing partnership with Lume Cannabis Company to operate retail dispensary establishments on their trust lands.
    , which is home to both the Nakoda and Aaniiih Tribes, is in the beginning phases of industrialized hemp production as USDA approval appears to have been granted in January 2020.
    hemp production approval was granted by the USDA in May 2020. Their Hemp Pilot Program with Mole Lake appears to have taken flight as the tribe announced their burgeoning partnership with LCO Ojibwe College in CBD hemp growth operations with potential grant financial distributions to facilitate their endeavors.
  • The Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida (Miami) have a hemp production plan that was approved by the FDA this year. While the tribe is in the preliminary stages of establishing their hemp operations, they have not expressed any desire to enter the cannabis industry.
  • The Pala Band of Mission Indians (Pala, Calif.) is USDA approved for hemp production effective May 2020. However, though they are in the state of California, there is no indication they intend to explore the recreational cannabis industry.
  • The Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska (Winnebago, Neb.) was one of the first in line to gain USDA approval for hemp production in July of 2019. The Tribe is in the mid-phase of their industrialized hemp production operation which began in late 2019.
    enacted an ordinance to assert Tribal sovereignty and promote economic development for the Yurok Tribe through the production and processing of hemp and the development of new commercial markets for farmers and businesses through the sale of hemp products, according to the 2020 Yurok Tribe Hemp Plan .
    is a cannabis processing plant that the Suquamish Tribe chartered via the Suquamish Evergreen Corporation. It operates as a private-labeling brand for the Tribe, an opportunity unique to the tribe due favorable to regulations.
    is a USDA-approved hemp plan which effectively allows hemp cultivation on tribal lands, “with the tribe acting as the regulation and enforcement body,” reportsDuluth News Tribune .
    is a soon to launch, indigenous-owned, indoor cannabis farm that specializes in “small batch grown, hang dried, hand trimmed and expertly cured [bud],” according to a press release from the company.
  • Ute Mountain Ute Tribe (Towaoc, Colo.) is mostly geographically located in Colorado where marijuana legalized, however, it appears the Tribe is only in the preliminary discussion phase with several entities regarding their foray into cannabis .
    is a 100% family owned and operated, indoor craft cannabis cultivation company. Founded by Alex Gutierrez.
  • Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo (El Paso, Texas) The Puebloan Tribe’s Hemp Plan was approved by the USDA on June 17th, 2020. The plan allows, “The Pueblo to cultivate Hemp in accordance with the Farm Bill,” license and regulate operations on tribal land, according to the The Ysleta del Sur Pueblo Hemp Production Plan.
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  • 500nations.com is a comprehensive website and news source for Native American businesses across the U.S. and Canada., including those in the cannabis industry.
    is a podcast that focuses on educating listeners about the cannabis industry, and leaders in it. The series features interviews with entrepreneurs, musicians, social justice advocates and more.
    or Tribal Hemp and Cannabis Magazine is a publication created by the Indigenous Cannabis Coalition (ICANN) — both of which were founded by Mary Jane Oatman . According to ICANN’s website, THC Magazine elevates, “[…] the perspectives of Indigenous communities in the hemp and cannabis field to promote our collective understanding of how we can work to protect our sister plant from exploitation while reclaiming and de-stigmatizing the traditional and spiritual use known since time immemorial.”


    is a hemp-lifestyle brand, founded by hemp activist, Larisa Bolivar , in 2018. Bolivar Hemp specializes in all natural products with high-quality ingredients. Products include lotions, massage balms, scrubs and creams.
  • Evo Hemp (Boulder, Colo.) was co-founded by Ari Sherman and Jourdan Samel, who also founded Hemp Health. According to Evo’s website, “The Hemp Health mission is to help lift rural communities out of poverty with industrial hemp farming. Evo Hemp launched a CBD product line in partnership with Native American tribes aimed at using industrial hemp as a way to empower small indigenous farmers and revitalize native farming communities.”
    is a Native and veteran-owned brand, located on the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe Reservation. The company offers a variety of CBD products, running from oils for pets and humans, to salves and gels.
    The Iowa Tribal Executive Committee recently approved the diversification of their croplands to include high-CBD industrial hemp. “The Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska plans on being at the front lines of the industrial hemp industry for Native American tribes and will be leading the integration of this plant into their already growing transition towards regenerative agriculture,” according to their website.
    focuses on “creating top of the line organic and non-GMO CBD infused products,” that are sourced from U.S.-grown industrial hemp, according to the company’s website. Products include tinctures, lotions and merchandise.
  • Native Humboldt Botanicals (Humboldt County, Calif.) is a line of luncury CBD products — including bath soaks, relief balms, infused facials and massages, and more — created by Native Humboldt Farms .
  • Navajo Gold Company is a pesticide and GMO-free “Premium Cannabis Company, developed by Aqueous Sciences in association with the Native American Agriculture and Commerce company based on the Sovereign Navajo Nation,” according to the business’s website.
    is “formed under jurisdiction of the Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma. We are dedicated to the creation of long-term economic development and job creation for Native American Tribes and their citizens,” according to the company’s website.
    offers high-quality, farm-to-seed, third party tested cannabinoid-rich products, including edibles, tinctures, topicals, CBD shots and more. Co-founded by Reena Kaven and Rhonda Bly .
    is a soon to be launched industrial hemp company, founded by Alex White Plume , who has “fought for the right to bring this sacred plant back to the native people of South Dakota. They know hemp will help transform the families and communities on the Pine Ridge Reservation – the poorest county in the U.S.,” according to the website.

By Mary Jane Oatman, Melissa Hutsell, Taylor Short and Katie Bryan

This is an on-going list. The Emerald will continue to update it. Please reach out or comment below to be included. Click here for a list of Black-Owned Cannabis Companies , Asian-Owned Cannabis Companies, and Hispanic and Latinx-Owned Cannabis Companies .

Managing directors hired to lead tribal government

Tribal government is going through an organizational restructure and the process began by hiring four Managing Directors. Each of the four Managing Directors will be responsible for a different aspect of tribal government. Their domains are Business Operations, Community Enrichment, Health Services and Regulatory Affairs.

Wendy Fryberg, Managing Director of Regulatory Affairs

My career started at our Casino and have over 25 years of leadership experience. Along with experience, I have an Associate’s Degree from NWIC. My work experience includes; Regulatory Compliance, Gaming, Strategic Planning and Executive Director all of which will contribute to my success in this position. Additional experiences include Leadership Snohomish County and MSD Board Member. Living and working in this community, I have knowledge of the needs and understand the concerns. My long term career goal has always been to work in leadership at out Tribal Government Office, I am grateful to start this new opportunity.

Michelle Gettsy, Managing Director of Business Operations

Fresh out of college I worked for Tulalip as a Land Use Planner, compliance officer, and GIS tech all rolled into one. Since then, I have been with the Muckleshoot Tribe in various capacities. I began there as an Executive Assistant to the Tribal Council. From there I moved to the Public Works Department as an Account Manager and in 2015 I earned a position at the Muckleshoot Tribal School

as the Business Manager. I earned my Bachelor’s degree in 2006 from the University of Washington and in 2016 I earned my Master’s degree in Jurisprudence in Indian Law from the University of Tulsa, College of Law. I am so thankful for the opportunity to be able to bring my knowledge and experience back to my Tribe.

Norma Razote, Managing Director of Health Services

I began my career with The Tulalip Tribes in 1992 in which I worked for the Tulalip Gaming Organization as a Table Games Dealer. I started working for the Tulalip Tribes Government in 2001 at the Housing Authority and continued to work in various departments which include the Housing, Health Clinic, Finance, General Manager, and Quality Assurance Department. I have a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration with an emphasis in Accounting. I am appreciative for the opportunity to serve my tribe and looking forward to working with a great managing director team.

Shawneen Zackuse Managing Director of Community Enrichment

I began my working career for the Tulalip Gaming Organization in 1994 in Food & Beverage and Finance Departments then started my journey on the government organization in 2004 in TTHAP’s, Housing, and Higher Education Departments. I have an Associate in Arts, Associate in Science in Criminal Justice, Bachelor in General Studies, Bachelor in Criminal Justice, Bachelor in Business Administration, Master in Business Administration in Project Management, and currently working on my Doctorate in Criminal Justice and Business Administration. I am thankful for the opportunity to use my skills and serve my tribe.

Together we create a healthy and culturally vibrant community

As we have gathered as a team, we believe tribal members want better communication, inclusion and understanding. Our tribal members are our

customers, we will strive to accomplish the mission and values of our Tribe, to better serve ourmembers and provide services at a higher level.

Together we will enhance wrap around services to our people and work as a team to ensure collaboration throughout the governmental organization.

Youth create LEGO robots during STEM week

By Kalvin Valdillez, Tulalip News

Located behind the Tulalip Boys and Girls Club, a group of young Tulalip summer school students occupied one classroom in each of the three Tulalip Education Department buildings during the week of August 6– 10. Separated by age, the kids intently worked behind laptops as they constructed a series of robots, programing them to move and perform tasks. The youth had so much fun in fact, they got lost in the LEGO robotics software and forgot they were in summer school learning about science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).

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After two successful years of STEM ROBOTICS week, the Tutoring and Homework Support Program of the Education Department once again reached out to Kathy Collier and her team at Robotics.how.com to bring the fun, hands-on learning experience to the students of the summer school.

“They don’t even realize they’re inventing,” says Kathy. “They are taking part in what is called upper-level critical thinking but they’re having fun. They’ve learned two different physics principals this week and had a blast with it.”

The students are split into three groups based on which grade they will be entering at the beginning of the school year; kindergarten through second grade, third through fifth grade and sixth through twelfth grade. The students began each day with a new science experiment and assembled their bots in the afternoon.

“K through second graders are doing science experiments in inertia, centrifugal force, momentum, stored energy and they use the Lego WeDo Robots,” explains Kathy. “They are doing simple coding, they can actually explain to you the function of each LEGO piece, interpreting the software language at a kid level. The third through fifth grade kids are using the EV3 Robots, that’s the latest version of LEGO robots, which is actually being used at MIT. First year college students in engineering have a course where they explore all kinds of principals using the EV3 robot. It’s a very sophisticated little machine. And the sixth through twelfth are teaching their robots. They built a custom obstacle course and have to program the robots to make a decision at each turn like forward, right or left.”

Through a set of commands on their laptop, the kids are able to control their bots. While the older kids created one spider-bot that they worked with throughout the week, coding it to make directional choices, both younger groups assembled a number of robots. The youngest group built lions, monkeys and airplane robots and the third through fifth grade students invented both rolling EV3 robots as well as a dog robot.

“This entire week we’ve made a bunch of different little LEGO robots and took them apart because that was our practice for programing, it’s been a lot of fun,” said Alexis Bowen while putting the finishing touches on her bot.

“We learned how to build robots!” young Jala Jimenez enthusiastically expressed. “The airplane one was fun. We put the human LEGO in it and made the propeller spin. We did a lion yesterday, that was the most fun. I learned how to make it move on the computer, it was good and easy. Oh and you can record your own sounds like a roar for your lion. After the lion we built a drumming monkey and he drummed on some cups.”

Tulalip Youth Employment worker, Quintin Yon-Wagner, attended the camp to assist the Robotics.how.com team during STEM week. Quintin, who will be a freshman this year, also built a spider-bot and used it to race his fellow peers through an obstacle course comprised of text books and wastebaskets.

“This past week has been amazing because we’ve learned so much,” states Quintin. “Starting with programming the computer and learning how the Bluetooth connects with the robots that we made out of LEGOS. The building process takes some time but the benefits that the students take away and how much you learn about programing is amazing. But this isn’t just about programming, it expands on different, new ideas like artificial intelligence and machine learning.

“My favorite part has been building my robot and programming it to move its way through an obstacle course, knowing where and when to turn at the exact time and angle,” he continues. “We actually got it through a huge obstacle course and it was a huge accomplishment. I’ve made great friends and connections this week. This all can help you get different types of jobs or into a good college. Learning about STEM can ultimately lead to a new career path for your future.”

For additional details please contact the Tulalip Tutoring and Homework Support Program at (360) 716-4646.

TELA students receive first diploma during Moving Up ceremony

By Kalvin Valdillez, Tulalip News

Family members gathered in the lobby of the Betty J. Taylor Early Learning Academy to cheer on their kids as they completed the very first phase in their educational journey. On August 14, forty-two students graduated from the Early Head Start birth to three program and took a symbolic walk across a mini podium as they moved up from the Early Head Start side of the Academy to the Montessori and ECEAP side of the building.

The kids received certificates for completing Early Head Start along with cedar-carved pendant necklaces. Many of the students have been enrolled in the program since infancy and are ready to expand their knowledge as well as see what the big kids have been up to in Montessori.

“My son will be going into Montessori, leaving the birth to three program,” says parent and Early Head Start teacher, Teresa Frane. “He’s been in the program since he was six-weeks old, he started right away. It’s been very emotional but very exciting at the same time watching him go through the whole Early Head Start process. My son has grown into this amazing little man because of Early Head Start. I especially love the cultural aspect because they do a lot of the drumming and get to learn about the canoes and the salmon. It was a very emotional day; I’m excited to see what the next two years brings him through this academy.”

Tulalip opens high-end retail cannabis shop

Remedy Tulalip is one of the first cannabis dispensaries to open on a reservation in the U.S

Tulalip Tribes Vice Chairwoman Teri Gobin and Tribal Council Members Les and Jared Parks cut the ribbon at the Remedy Tulalip soft opening.

By Kalvin Valdillez, Tulalip News

“Today is the big day. We’ve been waiting for this day for many, many years,” said Tulalip Board of Director, Les Parks, as he addressed a large crowd at the Remedy Tulalip Grand Opening on August 9. “I’ve been challenged as a Board of Director for the last three years to get this door open. Today we’re finally there, there’s so many good things that are going to come out of this.”

The Tulalip Tribes held a ribbon cutting ceremony and soft opening for the new recreational marijuana dispensary located in Quil Ceda Village at the old Key Bank. Remedy Tulalip is the tribe’s flagship cannabis store that was long rumored since Washington State voters passed bill I-502, legalizing the use of recreational marijuana for citizens ages twenty-one and older, back in 2012. Word was, the Tribe set their sights on the Key Bank location nearly two years ago, which kept community members debating if and when the store would open.

“We were very deliberate in our negotiations with the state of Washington in getting this place open,” says Les. “We wanted it done our way, and it took a long time for us to get there.”

The Tribe believes it will be well worth the wait and plans on Remedy generating plenty of revenue because of its prime location near the Tulalip Resort Casino, the Seattle Premium Outlets, Walmart and Home Depot, which is sure to attract a number of cannabis enthusiasts, from locals running errands to high rollers at the casino.

“Remedy Tulalip is one of the first stores to open on a reservation,” stated Remedy Tulalip Assistant General Manager, Jonathan Teeters. “We are also one of the first who have this sort of location, many of the others are tucked away or are smaller shops. We have the opportunity to succeed immensely and we planned for it. That’s one of the reasons we’re one of the most technologically advanced stores in the state. We employ seventy plus people and I’m very optimistic that this going to turn into quite the endeavor for the tribe.”

Upon stepping into the store, your eyes are immediately drawn upwards to the artwork along the inside of the building’s corners which showcases an orca swimming in the Salish Sea, Big Foot walking amongst the trees and the Cascade mountain range. Another thing you may notice is the number of staff, or cannabis concierge, who are available to help you find the perfect strain. The concierge in red shirts work the retail floor and are equipped with iPads. These team members typically have prior experience in the marijuana industry and are very knowledgeable about the products offered at Remedy Tulalip. The concierge in green shirts assist guests from behind the counters, retrieving their orders from the inventory room as well as taking their payments.

“If you walk into most dispensaries in Washington State there’s really only one or two type of workers, there’s the budtender behind the counter waiting to take your order and sometimes there’s the manager,” Jonathan says. “The cannabis industry hasn’t really created a lot of opportunity for people to gain experience and move up because it’s been managed by the people who started and founded it. We’re taking a different approach here, we recognize that as a wholly-owned tribal entity, part of our major responsibility is to create economic opportunity in the form of jobs here on the reservation both for tribal members and others in this community. Not just any jobs, but well-paying jobs and ones that leave them more empowered and ready to move on to something bigger and better and hopefully take some of the experience they learned here and pass that forward.”

The new recreational pot shop will work with local companies to provide a variety of cannabis products including flower, oil, edibles and wax. The store also offers an assortment of glass and CBD products as well as a membership program.

“As a flagship store for the Tulalip Tribes, we recognize that we are in charge of making sure the products that folks find in the store meet the experience that they expect and the brand expectations that come with the Tulalip name. This going to be your top-of-the-line stop for cannabis,” Jonathan explains. “When you come here you’re going to see things you haven’t seen on other shelves, a lot of things from small craft growers, producers and processers. Part of our mission is to make sure that we use our economic influence to help not only small producers and processers, but especially those that are Native-owned and Native-affiliated. This is a Native movement and we want to celebrate that.”

The Tribe has big plans in the future for Remedy Tulalip which may include expansion stores along I-5. Tulalip also intends on exploring the many benefits the plant can offer medicinally, to help heal their people and combat the opioid crisis.

“Opening a retail shop is really just the tip of the iceberg for the Tulalip Tribes,” Jonathan explains. “Under the company Traditional Biologics, we have plans to open not only a few other cannabis dispensaries here on the reservation but also other companies in cultivation and manufacturing. Eventually we have our eyes set on making an impact when it comes to reminding people that cannabis is medicine. There’s an epidemic facing this country, and certainly here, the opioid epidemic. The folks who really pushed to have cannabis become part of this reservation were forward thinking enough to know that cannabis is actually something that is proving to have a very positive effect on communities that are ravaged by opioids. In many cases CBD has proven to break the addictive pathways in the brain. It’s a natural product that we can grow with the love and spirit that it’s intended.”

Remedy Tulalip is open daily from 9:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. For more information, visit www.RemedyTulalip.com.

August 18, 2018 syəcəb

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