what is cbd oil and what is it used for

What is cannabis oil, what is CBD used for, is it legal in the UK and is it available on the NHS?

DOCTORS are now able to prescribe cannabis oil to patients in a long-awaited change to regulations.

It comes as two medicines made from the cannabis plant have been recommended for use on the NHS for the first time.

What is cannabis oil and is it legal in the UK?

CBD cannabis oil is a substance extracted from the cannabis plant by steam distillation.

Cannabis oil is usually consumed orally, and has a very distinct taste.

This low-concentrate version of the oil is available to buy in the UK and is not illegal.

THC (or Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the psychoactive component in cannabis that makes users feel "high".

Two cannabis-based drugs that help with epilepsy and MS have been approved for the NHS.

Epidyolex is recommended for two rare types of epilepsy while the spray Sativex can ease muscle spasms in multiple sclerosis.

What is cannabis oil used for?

Cannabis oil can be beneficial in a variety of ways, from helping promote sleep to boosting appetite and reducing stress, anxiety and depression.

It is also said to have skincare benefits, such as preventing signs of ageing and protecting against eczema and psoriasis, so can also be applied to the surface of the skin.

Though research is limited, there is evidence to support the idea that medical marijuana, which contains small amounts of the illegal compound THC, can alleviate some of the side-effects of cancer treatment including nausea during chemotherapy.

And while it is different, some accounts from users have claimed to find similar benefits from using cannabis oil, though this has never been scientifically backed by doctors, so is not advised as an alternative to other treatments.

One type of oil or Cannabidol is CBD which has been promoted as a possible treatment method for those living with addiction or anxiety.

However CBD products – while legal – have not been approved for use in the US and there are possible side effects including irritability and nausea.

When will it be available on prescription?

Campaigners have welcomed the go-ahead but said thousands of other people who could benefit from cannabis-based medicines were left in limbo.

Millie Hinton, from the group End Our Pain, said it had been “a massive missed opportunity”.

However, many have been reluctant to do so, citing a lack of guidance and costing concerns.

It has forced some families to buy the drugs abroad and bring them into the UK illegally.

The latest guidance comes after the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence looked at the effectiveness of cannabis-based medicines for several conditions.

It decided up to 9,000 people with Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes and 10,000 MS sufferers can be prescribed the two drugs.

But Nice drew the line at drugs containing THC — the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis — to relieve pain.

Understanding CBD Oils: A Guide In 2021

With the world switching to natural methods to maintain health and wellness, products like cannabidiol (CBD) oil are gaining prominence due to their numerous potential health benefits.

If you’re interested in trying CBD oil but unsure where to begin, here’s a comprehensive beginner’s guide to address your queries and educate you about this substance.

CBD 101

Cannabidiol is a natural chemical found in the cannabis plant. It’s a member of the family of chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. These cannabinoids are responsible for cannabis’ medical and recreational properties.

Several cannabinoids are found in a single cannabis plant. The most well-known and relevant of which are CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

THC is the cannabinoid in charged for the ‘high’ experienced while smoking cannabis or marijuana. It’s worth noting that marijuana is just one of several cannabis species out there. It has a potent concentration of THC, so it’s often used to induce a euphoric feeling.

Some cannabis species possess certain cannabinoids with a specific purpose. For example, the cannabis strain hemp provides a high concentration of CBD. This establishes it more as a medicinal herb than a recreational one.

Since CBD is not a psychoactive cannabinoid, it doesn’t trigger a euphoric feeling. Scientific evidence continues to demonstrate that CBD might be able to mitigate THC’s psychoactive effects.

You can learn more about the basics of CBD through sites like https://learningcbdoil.com/ and others that advocate CBD-based wellness.

Uses Of CBD

Scientific studies seem to indicate that CBD has a plethora of therapeutic effects. It may also be beneficial for a broad range of medical conditions. The field of research investigating the impact of CBD is still relatively new but promising. Nonetheless, some experiments indicate that CBD may possess the following properties:

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Pain relief
  • Anti-acne
  • Anti-depressant

Due to these properties, CBD may be used to manage a wide variety of medical problems, including the following:

  • Chronic pain
  • Acne and other skin conditions
  • Depression
  • Sleep disorder
Types Of CBD

CBD oils are classified according to their cannabinoid material and content. Before you attempt using CBD products, you should know what makes them distinct and how, if at all, one is better than another. Here are the three types of CBD oils and their pros and cons:

1. CBD Isolate

CBD oil isolate is ‘genuine’ CBD or CBD oil since it includes only cannabidiol and no other cannabinoids. It’s extracted using the same method for most CBD oils. The distinction is that after extracting the cannabinoids, the CBD is separated. It is then chilled using a procedure known as winterization. This process eliminates the remaining chemical compounds.

The advantages of CBD oil isolate over other types of CBD are that it’s usually less expensive and contains no THC. The disadvantage is that you might not experience other effects that may occur if the oil contained a full range of cannabinoids.

2. Full-Spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum CBD oil is not to be confused with CBD isolate. It contains CBD and all the other chemical compounds found in the plant.

During the extraction and filtration process of the full-spectrum type, all of the cannabinoids and other chemicals are retained. Though this type contains THC, the amount is insufficient to cause a high. However, it may still be detected on a drug test.

The advantage of full-spectrum CBD oil is that it contains various cannabinoids that may have therapeutic qualities. But since it has THC, it may trigger sedation as well as other undesirable side effects.

3. Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD oil falls in between the two previous types. It may contain all other cannabinoids found in the plant but not THC.

Broad-spectrum CBD oil undergoes the same standard extraction procedure. It has all of the advantages associated with cannabis but without the psychoactive consequences. Its processing is also still in the early stages, so further study into the production and efficacy of this type is necessary.

Ways to Use CBD Oils

CBD oil can take on different forms. This enables individuals to choose how to use it in order to meet their specific requirements. The following are the most popular forms of CBD:

  • Tinctures

CBD oil tinctures were the first means of using CBD. Tinctures have a high concentration of cannabinoids, so they’re intended to be consumed in limited amounts. The majority of oil drops and tinctures have an integrated dropper indicating the volume in milliliters.

To optimize CBD oil absorption, it’s recommended to administer it sublingually without combining it with other substances. The results begin to manifest within a few minutes and may last anywhere from two to four hours.

  • Edibles

CBD edibles have a predetermined quantity of CBD. They can be in the form of candies or treats. There are also CBD-infused foods and drinks you can consume directly.

Edibles require the longest time to take effect: 45 minutes to an hour. This is because they have to pass through the digestive tract before reaching the bloodstream. Their impact may last about four to six hours.

  • Topicals

CBD topicals are products that are used externally. They also have little impact on the bloodstream. However, they can interact with surrounding receptors in the skin.

Topicals are available in different forms such as creams and lotions. They’re typically used to manage localized conditions such as acute inflammation and dry skin.

  • Vaping

Vaping, which is similar to using e-cigarettes, is the quickest way to feel the effects of CBD. The substance is easily inhaled into the lungs and then gets into the bloodstream. However, studies on whether vaping is harmful are still ongoing. If you decide to vape CBD, exercise caution.

  • Pills

CBD capsules were the first CBD pills to become available on the market. But companies are now providing other options like CBD soft gels and tablets. By far, the most significant advantage of this kind of CBD is its reasonably accurate dosing.

These products have the same results as edibles. Their onset time is approximately one to two hours, while their effects may last around five to six hours.

Potential Benefits

The number of clinical trials aiming to examine the effects of CBD on one’s wellness has significantly increased. The findings seem positive as well. For example, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized a drug in 2018 to help children with epileptic disorders. That medication was made out of pure CBD.

Here are some scientifically supported potential beneficial effects of CBD oil:

1. Aids in Pain Relief

CBD oil’s influence on the receptors in the brain may help control pain. Cannabis has been found in studies to have certain advantages when used in conjunction with chemotherapy. Additionally, further pre-clinical trials are examining the function of cannabis in alleviating pain associated with the following:

  • Arthritis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Muscle injuries
  • Bone injuries
2. May Reduce Acne

CBD’s impact on the body’s immune system receptors may aid in the reduction of chronic inflammation. Studies have shown that CBD oil may have anti-acne properties. It interacts with the sebaceous glands to reduce the production of sebum, the overproduction of which may result in acne.

3. Helps Alleviate Anxiety

CBD might also be able to assist in managing anxiety. According to research, it may alter how the brain’s receptors react to serotonin, a chemical associated with mental well-being. One research discovered that a 600 mg dosage of CBD oil helped individuals suffering from social anxiety in delivering a speech.

4. Possible Neuroprotective Properties

Researchers has been studying a brain receptor called CB1 to see if CBD could benefit people who suffer from neurodegenerative diseases. CBD oil may also help suppress inflammation, which may exacerbate neurodegenerative conditions. Additional study is essential to further grasp CBD oil’s impact on these diseases.

Side Effects

Though using CBD oil is generally deemed safe, certain individuals may experience adverse effects. The following have been reported in various studies:

  • Nausea
  • Changes in weight
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue

Additionally, CBD oil has been shown to interfere with a number of medications. Consult a physician prior to taking any CBD products to guarantee your safety and prevent possible adverse incidents.


CBD oil doesn’t have a perfect, one-size-fits-all dosage. The optimal dosage is determined by a number of variables, including the following:

  • Individual biology
  • Form of CBD
  • The severity of one’s symptoms

Additional study is needed to establish precise dosing protocols for CBD oil for various medical conditions.

Is It Legal?

There is much uncertainty about the legality of CBD. Strictly speaking, it’s legal in a number of jurisdictions. However, you must pay close attention to the complexities to ensure that you remain on the correct side of the law.

Tips for CBD Beginners
  • Try Isolate First

If you’re new to cannabis, you might have to avoid products with THC. It’s essential to give the body some time to adapt to CBD’s effects. THC may create a euphoric sensation that you may be unprepared to experience.

  • Start with Edibles

Edibles are CBD-infused food items that are easy to consume. These products provide a pre-measured volume of CBD, which eliminates the need to calculate each dose. Additionally, these are flavored, so you won’t be intimidated by the taste and smell of pure CBD oil.

  • Begin with A Low Dosage

Although it might be tempting to take the highest CBD oil dose available to help ease a particular symptom, this isn’t advisable. When you’re just starting out on your CBD journey, it’s necessary to adhere to the recommended dose of no more than twice daily.

Now that you have all the necessary information about CBD oil, it will be easier for you to make wise, educated decisions about it.