Did you know that CBD oil can come from hemp or marijuana? Most CBD oil does contain THC which is a psychoactive chemical. Will it get you high? Learn more. Where does CBD Oil come from? ✓CBD origins ✓Safety of CBD ✓Balance your Endocannabinoid System ✓Quality CBD from Europe ✓Minimal THC %
What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is an oil created by extracting cannabidiol from a cannabis or hemp plant and can vary in levels of other cannabinoids or plant compounds. In Australia, CBD oil is legal both via prescription by a doctor and over the counter in pharmacies Australia wide.
- CBD stands for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid in the cannabis plant.
- CBD oil is created by extracting CBD and other chemical compounds from the cannabis or hemp plant.
- While some CBD oil contains THC, it will not get you high.
CBD Oil In Australia
There are many reasons you might want to learn about CBD oil (cannabidiol oil). When you look at the cannabis industry, CBD oil is still one of the most talked-about topics. People throw around the term CBD regularly with relation to medical cannabis; Frequently these same individuals don’t actually know what CBD oil is.
In Australia, there are various types of CBD oil available by prescription. And, as of Feb 1, 2021, low dose CBD oil is legal in pharmacies only (not online). And, we won’t actually see CBD oil over the counter until 2022 and onward.
Even so, there are online shops that claim to sell CBD oil in Australia. While they probably are selling some sort of CBD, it’s not legal.
Whether you have heard friends or family talking about CBD, you think it might benefit you for a medical condition, or you feel like it’s a good supplement for your health and wellness regime, this article is for you. In this article, you’ll learn answers to the following questions:
What is CBD Oil?
To answer the question, “What is CBD Oil,” you first need to know what CBD is.
CBD stands for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is a natural and non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant and is abundant in hemp. CBD is one of cannabis’s non-psychoactive compounds. There is clinical evidence documenting the value that CBD has in treating some neuropsychiatric disorders (i.e. epilepsy, anxiety and schizophrenia). There are also hundreds of thousands of cases, real-world evidence rather than clinical evidence, where CBD oil and other CBD products are said to have helped people (and pets) with numerous other medical conditions.
So, what is CBD Oil?
CBD oil, or cannabidiol oil, is an oil created by extracting cannabidiol from a cannabis or hemp plant. The result is an oil that contains high concentrations of CBD and can vary in levels of other cannabinoids or plant compounds.
People use the term CBD to encompass many types of CBD extracts, and the use of the name has started to confuse people. CBD oils may have a range of cannabinoid profiles and medicinal or health benefits. It can come in any of the following product forms:
- Vape oils
There are also multiple types of CBD oil, including the following:
- PCR hemp oil or PCR CBD oil
- Full-Spectrum CBD
- Broad-spectrum CBD
- CBD Isolate
Later in this article, we’ll explain the different processes used to make CBD oil. The different types of oils have various chemical properties and benefits. Each type of CBD oil will suit different needs and requirements based on what profiles you want. We’ll discuss each of the types of CBD oil in-depth in the next article so you understand the pros and cons and can decide if one of them may be right for you.
Where does CBD (cannabidiol) come from?
Unlike other chemicals in cannabis, like flavonoids and terpenes, cannabidiol only exists in the cannabis plant. When we say the cannabis plant, we mean both hemp and what people think of as marijuana. For the remainder of this article, we’ll call “marijuana” cannabis and hemp…hemp. While hemp and cannabis come from the same species of plant, their cannabinoid and terpene profiles are different. As each type of plant has different chemical compound profiles, the CBD oils that come from each of the plants also have different profiles.
For example, hemp plants have very low levels of THC to begin with, usually .035% or less in Australia. So, for individuals who want to avoid THC, CBD from hemp may be a better option. Hemp also has a different spectrum of compounds which means that the therapeutic benefits may be different from other plants.
Cannabis plants produce a broader range of cannabinoids and other compounds, particularly THC. Until recently, hemp farmers had to grow vast amounts of hemp to produce CBD oil. Now hemp farmers are growing PCR (phytocannabinoid-rich) hemp plants which allow for smaller crops containing higher CBD yields.
How is CBD oil made?
In this section, we’ll give you an overview of CBD extraction methods. While these processes are incredibly detailed, we’ll give you the essential information, so you know what to look out for. There are multiple ways that CBD can be extracted from the cannabis or hemp plant and turned into CBD oil. The three most popular ways to extract CBD are:
- A CO2 extraction
- Oil Extractions
- A liquid solvent extraction
CO2 (carbon dioxide) Extraction Method
The CBD industry has grown rapidly over the past few years. With industry growth an the number of businesses making CBD, the CO2 (carbon dioxide) extraction method has become the most technically advanced and recommended way to make CBD oil. While it’s the most expensive of the popular methods, it makes the most potent, safe, and chlorophyll-free extraction. There are three types of CO2 extraction – supercritical, subcritical and mid-critical. We’ll cover supercritical, the most popular.
Supercritical CO2 extraction method
CO2 is usually a gas. Supercritical CO2 forms when CO2 is heated above 31.10C and put under pressure at 1071psi. It then takes on properties of both the gas and liquid (known as a supercritical liquid). Typically this process is done using a ‘closed-loop extractor’; a machine which has three main chambers and manipulates the CO2 states as well as extracts the cannabinoids and other compounds.
The process starts by putting ground cannabis into a container. Solid CO2, dry ice, is then pumped into the vessel and is converted from CO2 to Supercritical CO2 as it enters the chamber. The Supercritical CO2 runs through the plant materials and extracts the cannabinoids, trichomes and terpenes. The mixture is pumped into the third chamber where the contents are separated. The oil is then collected and the CO2 flows back to the original vessel for re-use.
Supercritical oil extraction kills off bacteria, mould and other contaminants left in CBD oil during other methods of extraction. This means that CO2 extracted CBD is likely better for those who already have compromised immune systems
Oil extraction method
The oil extraction method, typically olive oil, is one of the oldest extraction methods used today. People even use this extraction method at home. The first step to olive oil extraction is to decarboxylate the plant material. Decarboxylation is heating the plant to a specific temperature so that the chemical compounds become activated. Once the plant matter is decarboxylated, the oil and plant are mixed and heated again.
The cannabinoids are extracted when the oil and plant are heated together. Because the oils don’t evaporate, the resulting extract isn’t as concentrated as other methods. The main issue with oil extractions is that the oils are perishable and therefore must be stored in a cool and dry area which puts restrictions on consumers.
Liquid solvent extraction method
Solvent extractions often use low-grade alcohol, like ethanol or isopropyl, to extract the CBD. Solvent extraction is one of the cheaper and more dangerous ways to extract CBD as the chemicals used are highly flammable. This method often dissolves the plant waxes, which contain nutrients and may also extract chlorophyll which can give the CBD a bitter taste. While filtering removes chlorophyll, the filtering also reduces the oil’s potency.
After harvesting, the cannabis or hemp is placed in a container where the cannabinoids are extracted. The plants are either soaked or have the solvents run through the materials, stripping the cannabinoids from the plant. Once complete, the liquid is then put through an evaporation process where it’s heated and leaves the cannabinoid concentrates in an oil form. In some cases, solvent residue exists post evaporation. These residues can be harmful to humans, and some studies have found traces of petroleum and other nasties in CBDs from solvent extractions.
After any extraction process, the resulting oil has all of the cannabinoids and other compounds that weren’t lost in the process. The initial oil extraction is called full-spectrum oil. The extraction is then refined and purified to make CBD isolate or broad-spectrum oil.
Now that you understand how CBD oil is made, you know what to say when speaking with your doctor or when looking for the product that’s right for you.
From a medical standpoint, doctors can prescribe CBD only medication, CBD and THC medication and THC only medications. A THC only medication is not CBD oil.
Critical Note: Roadside drug tests in Australia, tongue tests, look for the presence of THC. If you have a CBD oil that contains even trace amounts of THC, you may test positive for THC in a roadside test. The presence of THC in your system does not necessarily mean you’re impaired. You can learn more about CBD, cannabis and driving in our article about cannabis and driving.
In conclusion, CBD oil is an oil created by extracting cannabidiol from cannabis or hemp plants. It contains a high quantity of CBD and may contain very little or no THC. Depending on what type of plant, cannabis or hemp, and the method of extraction, the CBD oil you get will have different medicinal properties. CO2 extraction is the cleanest method of creating CBD oil but will also be the most expensive.
In the next part of our guide to CBD oil series, you’ll learn about how CBD oil works on your body and what the effects and benefits of taking CBD oil are.
Where does CBD Oil come from?
Before you buy CBD Oil we find it important to inform our clients about the history (origins) of CBD Oil. Because CBD oil is extracted from the marijuana plant there is a lot of confusion about whether CBD oil makes you high, and if CBD oil is legal to use and therefore order it to your home address. Also, it is still unclear if CBD oil can be used as a medicine or cure for certain ailments. For now, CBD oil products are sold as a supplement instead of a medicine despite the huge amounts of positive reviews and recent studies on the use of CBD oil. At CBD Oil Shop we do our best to point out all available information for our clients so you can decide for yourself. Therefore we strongly encourage you to do a little research on CBD oil and just start using it to experience the health benefits yourself.
Although we now know that CBD is one of the molecules found in the active compound of Cannabis, Δ-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol as it is known by scientists contains CBD molecules that work together to bring about the psychoactive effect (THC) then neutralize it and bring the onset of physical effects such as appetite or couch-lock (CBD).
Thanks to the studies taken place in 1940 at the University of Illinois in the Department of Chemistry, we found out that CBD was a molecule that could be isolated, although at the time the effects of CBD were unknown since the investigators had deemed the substance toxic.
Forward to 1963 where investigators at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem determined the exact structure of Δ-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol and isolated THC for the first time, thus being able to synthesize both molecules, although it took until 1973 to discover the positive effect that CBD had reducing the quantity and frequency of seizures in animals.
Fast forward now to 1988, scientists discovered the endocannabinoid system and soon after (1990) CBD was discovered to have neuroprotective qualities, this means that the chemical compounds of CBD help reduce the neuro-degenerative secondary effects of ailments
CBD is Safe for Everyone
Although there has a large amount of controversy around the use of CBD oil on children. As it were, hemp CBD oil is still considered by the average Joe as medical marihuana, this couldn’t be more wrong. Thanks to this inaccurate perception, the use of hemp CBD oil on children has become a topic of taboo, with many parents that don’t know any better following along with treatments that are opiate-based and actually dangerous to the child.
The Difference Between CBD and THC
To address the issue of Cannabis oils that may have psychoactive effects (but are totally illegal), there are two big exponents; Rick Simpson Oil, also known as RSO that has a combination of THC and CBD that seeks to take advantage of the “Entourage” effect that was prior discussed.
Another Marijuana oil product that may further confuse the consumer is Hash oil, produced from the crystals (or trichromes) found on Marijuana plants, then concentrated and compressed to make a strong oil (over 30% content) that has similar properties as the RSO but just like it, happens to be completely illegal in Europe and somewhat legal in the United States of America depending on the cannabis legalization status valid in the state.
All of our pure CBD oil products are made from fibrous cannabis (hemp) that has a percentage of 0.2%, therefore legal in Europe and other parts of the world where THC is illegal. It also contains the highest amount of terpenes and terpenoids that lend other beneficial health effects to our CBD hemp oil.
It is very important to note however, hemp CBD oil is produced from hemp that is naturally low, then when the hemp CBD oil is extracted through the CO2 Supercritical method, this naturally isolates the CBD molecules and the content is further reduced in the cannabidiol oil.
Thanks to this, hemp CBD oil is completely legal and safe to consume by anyone, including children, the elderly and small animals without any risk or danger of toxicity or secondary effects that other treatments produce, but it is necessary to point out that CBD oil is NOT a medicine or a medical treatment.
The Endocannabinoid System
After the discovery of the endocannabinoid system back in 1988, scientists also discovered that a large amount of ailments could be treated or aided thanks to the endocannabinoid system achieving balance in the human body. Symptoms like epileptic attacks or deep and degenerative muscle pain could now be dealt with in a safer and healthier way thanks to CBD oil.
It is not a secret that many of the modern ailments that we suffer nowadays are a product of the lack of homeostasis that overall leads to the appearance of symptoms and ailments. This doesn’t mean that CBD is a miracle cure, but it helps achieve necessary balance required for the body to take healing measures into its own care.
CBD hemp oil is extracted from the Cannabis Sativa plants bred for their fibers, which has a content of under 0.2% per dry mass. This aspect along with the purity and quality of the extraction method allow for microbiologically pure CBD hemp oil that requires no further refinement.
The benefits of working together with hemp farmers and subsequently the laboratories extracting the oil with CO2 supercritical extraction allow for greener, more organic and sustainable production and extraction methods to give our CBD hemp oil the compounds it requires to be a more effective health supplement.
European CO2 Supercritical Extraction, The Purest Choice
The innovations of CO2 supercritical extractions allow our CBD hemp oils and tinctures to be environmentally friendly while maintaining its effectiveness, significantly reducing degradation or contamination in the CBD cannabis oils. This combined with the fact that the hemp is locally sourced also increases the quality of CBD oils and extracts since it requires significantly less handling before it is bottled.
There have been great advances in the production of CBD rich cannabis strains, some are quite famous like “Charlottes Web”, although there are some which are less known (although highly valued among growers) such as CBD Therapy by CBD Crew that contains 0.5% and 8-10% CBD or the more recent Dinamed from the Spanish seed company Dinafem that has 0.5% content as well but up to 14% CBD, which is practically within the realm of hemp.
Because of these developments, it is also possible for CBD concentrates to be extracted from these special plants that are naturally void and rich in the therapeutically important CBD.
CBD hemp oil has found controversial uses in cats and dogs that have been diagnosed with other degenerative ailments. Although using CBD oil is safe for humans, just like smoking cannabis, animals have different tolerances to cannabinoids. For instance animals like cats and dogs could potentially die from being exposed to excessive amounts of marijuana smoke. They also need reduced amounts of CBD proportional to their weight and body size.
Also thanks to the extraction method, our CBD oils are naturally void of any content. The already low hemp fibers trace amounts are further reduced to create a CBD hemp oil that is safe for children, elderly or adults to consume and legal where applicable.
CBD and America, an Impure Relationship
As a result of Post-War on Drugs legislation around the world it has been established that the miracle hemp plant that can produce medicine, clothing and even fuel has been deemed illegal in the United States of America. All of the hemp grown for medicinal reasons is in Europe. If you were to buy products from shops in the United States they would have been imported, and the purity or freshness of the product is not guaranteed.
The extremely low toxicity of cannabidiol oil would require that you consumed several liters of CBD oil before experiencing severe adverse effects, therefore the concern for how much CBD oil is too much should not be a great one. Quality Hemp CBD oil from Europe retains all of its beneficial effects to the endocannabinoid system while having almost no adverse secondary effects.
Although there has been a recent increase in mortality rates of opiate based treatments, cannabidiol remains a safe alternative to help with some of the ailments. Although it is interesting to note that one of them is totally legal while the other remains illegal in many countries in the world.
The Legal Status of CBD
The long and short of this question is that hemp CBD oil is legal in the states where cannabis has been legalized in the United States of America and is also legal in Europe so long as it is made from hemp or medicinal marijuana that has less than .05% THC content.
For all the other states and countries where it is not legal on paper to buy CBD oil over the counter without a prescription or where cannabis has not yet been made federally legal, ordering hemp CBD oil online from outlets like ours that operate in countries where cannabidiol oil is legal would work as a loophole of sorts to acquire hemp CBD oil in countries where medical or recreational marijuana is illegal.
Hemp CBD Oil Around The World
Although many countries still consider hemp CBD oil illegal, there is no actual government body that enforces the prosecution of its use as a health supplement. Either because the legislation present only applies to actual marijuana flower or extracts such as hash or hash oil, CBD oil appears to be a loophole in the system since it does not contain any nor does it cause any psychoactive effects.
In countries like Mexico for example where marijuana use has been decriminalized, there is still a need for people to register with health and sanitation authorities in order to be able to consume medical cannabis, with cases that include the use of cannabidiol oils, although it is just as simple to order CBD hemp oil from the United States (because of closeness) or Europe (because of superior quality and better prices) and the oils will arrive without any problems.
If you are still unsure if these rules apply to your country, you can also take a look at our infographic on the legal status of hemp CBD oil around the world. All the knowledge shared in our website is for informational purposes only, we do not hold ourselves responsible for any legal actions taken from advice found on our site.